portuguese-verbs

Lights, Camera, Action! 50 Must-know Portuguese Verbs

Action gets your heart pumping and your adrenaline flowing.

But learning Portuguese doesn’t have a lot of action… or does it?

There might not be any big chases or major battles, but the Portuguese language is chock-full of as much action as your favorite blockbuster.

That’s because the Portuguese language has plenty of great verbs to describe action.

If you’ve just started learning Portuguese, you’ll need to arm yourself with a wide array of words and phrases in order to communicate, and verbs are an important component of that essential vocabulary.

But what verbs should you learn first?

In this post, we’ll share some of the most common Portuguese verbs that you should learn ASAP!
 


 
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Why the Right Portuguese Verbs Are Important

Using the best possible verb adds clarity to your communication. Whether you’re speaking Portuguese or writing, you probably want to be understood. While you might be able to fumble through with just a few verbs, having more verbs in your vocabulary allows you to communicate much more clearly.

Additionally, learning common Portuguese verbs will help you understand what others are saying. Even if your Portuguese listening skills are on point, you can’t always deduce verb meanings based on context. Familiarizing yourself with common verbs will make it much easier to recognize them when you hear them.

Finally, knowing an array of verbs will help you sound more like a native speaker. Even tourists who haven’t studied Portuguese will probably know a few basic verbs. However, if you want to sound more like a native speaker, you’ll need a lot more verbs than the standard tourist!

How to Practice Your Portuguese Verbs

Conjugate!

Conjugating verbs is terrific practice. Not only can it help reinforce the word, but it can also help you memorize tricky conjugations.

To practice conjugating, you might make conjugation tables. Not sure if your conjugations are correct? Check them with a tool like Reverso Conjugator.

Experience verbs in context.

Experiencing verbs in an authentic context is one of the most natural ways to learn them. However, not everyone can afford to jet off to Portugal or Brazil for a little verb practice.

portuguese-verbs

Luckily, you can still see verbs used in real-world contexts with FluentU. FluentU takes real-world videos—like movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning experiences.

These videos feature annotated captions, giving you quick access to any word’s definition, example sentences and an associated image. You can also see the word used in other videos on FluentU.

In the mood for a game break? FluentU’s quizzes combine videos, images and example sentences into engaging activities to reinforce your learning!

Regardless of your level, FluentU can adjust to help meet your needs. That’s because FluentU’s algorithm tracks your learning to present you with level-appropriate questions that build on what you know. All you have to do is select what you want to watch, and FluentU will take it from there!

FluentU offers flexible options, so you can use it when and where it’s convenient for you. Use FluentU online, on your iOS device or on your Android device.

Have real conversations.

Once you think you know your Portuguese verbs, using them in real conversations is one of the best ways to test your skills. If there’s a Portuguese learning group or a large Portuguese-speaking population near you, you shouldn’t have much trouble finding people to practice with.

portuguese-verbs

If your community is devoid of Portuguese speakers, you can still practice online! Sites like My Language Exchange and Conversation Exchange can help you connect with native Portuguese speakers for conversation practice.

portuguese-verbs

Or, you can try italki, where you can choose from thousands of tutors based on your interests and learning goals. Create your own schedule with any tutor and get one-on-one lessons that target exactly what you want to learn most. Using italki is a great opportunity to get personalized training while meeting people from all over the world!

Play games.

Sure, games are fun, but they’re also a great learning tool! Thankfully, there are several websites with games that can help you learn Portuguese verbs.

Conjuguemos has verb conjugation activities. You can choose between flashcards, graded practice and games. Games include crosswords, word searches, memory games and more.

Sporcle has an epic quiz that asks you to name common Portuguese verbs in just 15 minutes. Since there are dozens of them, it’s quite the challenge!

ListeningPractice.org has a versatile verb conjugator. There are eight levels of Brazilian Portuguese and eight levels of European Portuguese. You can select tenses, verb frequency and person/number to cater the experience to meet your needs. Then, the conjugator will present you with conjugations to complete.

50 Common Portuguese Verbs to Kick Your Learning into High Gear

In this list, we’ll share the verb, its meaning, its present tense conjugations and an example sentence.

Note that “you” varies by country. In Brazil, você (singular) and vocês (plural) are more commonly used. In Portugal, tu (singular) and vos (plural) are more common.

Being

1. Ser

Meaning: To be

Used to describe fixed characteristics, like appearance.

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu sou

Tu és

Você/ele/ela é

Nós somos

Vos sois

Vocês/eles/elas são

Example Sentence: Ele é brasileiro. (He is Brazilian.)

2. Estar

Meaning: To be

Used to describe changeable characteristics, like location and feelings.

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu estou

Tu estás

Você/ele/ela está

Nós estamos

Vos estais

Vocês/eles/elas estão

Example Sentence: Nós estamos bem. (We are well.)

3. Poder

Meaning: To be able

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu posso

Tu podes

Você/ele/ela pode

Nós podemos

Vos podeis

Vocês/eles/elas podem

Example Sentence: Eu posso fazer isso. (I can do that.)

4. Parecer

Meaning: To seem/appear

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu pareço

Tu pareces

Você/ele/ela parece

Nós parecemos

Vos pareceis

Vocês/eles/elas parecem

Example Sentence: Você parece agradável. (You seem nice.)

Feeling

5. Querer

Meaning: To want

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu quero

Tu queres

Você/ele/ela quer

Nós queremos

Vos quereis

Vocês/eles/elas querem

Example Sentence: Vocês querem bolo. (You all want cake.)

6. Gostar

Meaning: To like

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu gosto

Tu gostas

Você/ele/ela gosta

Nós gostamos

Vos gostais

Vocês/eles/elas gostam

Example Sentence: Ela gosta de ciência. (She likes science.)

7. Esperar

Meaning: To wait, to expect, to hope

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu espero

Tu esperas

Você/ele/ela espera

Nós esperamos

Vos esperais

Vocês/eles/elas esperam

Example Sentence: Eu espero poder ir. (I hope I can go.)

8. Amar

Meaning: To love

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu amo

Tu amas

Você/ele/ela ama

Nós amamos

Vos amais

Vocês/eles/elas amam

Example Sentence: Eu te amo(I love you.)

9. Sentir

Meaning: To feel

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu sinto

Tu sentes

Você/ele/ela sente

Nós sentimos

Vos sentis

Vocês/eles/elas sentem

Example Sentence: Ele se sente feliz. (He feels happy.)

Thinking

10. Saber

Meaning: To know

Used when discussing facts, knowledge and skills.

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu sei

Tu sabes

Você/ele/ela sabe

Nós sabemos

Vos sabeis

Vocês/eles/elas sabem

Example Sentence: Você sabe a resposta? (Do you know the answer?)

11. Conhecer

Meaning: To know

Used when discussing people, places or things, but not with solid facts or knowledge.

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu conheço

Tu conheces

Você/ele/ela conhece

Nós conhecemos

Vos conheceis

Vocês/eles/elas conhecem

Example Sentence: Eu o conheço(I know him.)

12. Pensar

Meaning: To think, to reflect

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu penso

Tu pensas

Você/ele/ela pensa

Nós pensamos

Vos pensais

Vocês/eles/elas pensam

Example Sentence: Ele pensa sobre isso. (He thinks about that.)

13. Achar

Meaning: To think, to find out

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu acho

Tu achas

Você/ele/ela acha

Nós achamos

Vos achais

Vocês/eles/elas acham

Example Sentence: Você acha que é uma boa ideia? (Do you think it’s a good idea?)

14. Aprender

Meaning: To learn

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu aprendo

Tu aprendes

Você/ele/ela aprende

Nós aprendemos

Vos aprendeis

Vocês/eles/elas aprendem

Example Sentence: Nós aprendemos português. (We learn Portuguese.)

15. Entender

Meaning: To understand

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu entendo

Tu entendes

Você/ele/ela entende

Nós entendemos

Vos entendeis

Vocês/eles/elas entendem

Example Sentence: Você entende inglês? (Do you understand English?)

16. Decidir

Meaning: To decide

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu decido

Tu decides

Você/ele/ela decide

Nós decidimos

Vos decidis

Vocês/eles/elas decidem

Example Sentence: Nós decidimos ir. (We decided to go.)

Sensing

17. Ver

Meaning: To see, to watch

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu vejo

Tu vês

Você/ele/ela vê

Nós vemos

Vos vedes

Vocês/eles/elas vêem

Example Sentence: Eles vêem a polícia. (They see the police.)

18. Olhar

Meaning: To look

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu olho

Tu olhas

Você/ele/ela olha

Nós olhamos

Vos olhais

Vocês/eles/elas olham

Example Sentence: Eu olho para o pôr do sol. (I look at the sunset.)

19. Ouvir

Meaning: To hear

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu ouço

Tu ouves

Você/ele/ela ouve

Nós ouvimos

Vos ouvis

Vocês/eles/elas ouvem

Example Sentence: Ela ouve o boato. (She hears the rumor.)

20. Escutar

Meaning: To listen

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu escuto

Tu escutas

Você/ele/ela escuta

Nós escutamos

Vos escutais

Vocês/eles/elas escutam

Example Sentence: Ele nunca escuta(He never listens.)

Going

21. Ir

Meaning: To go

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu vou

Tu vais

Você/ele/ela vai

Nós vamos/imos

Vos ides/vades

Vocês/eles/elas vão

Example Sentence: Eles vão almoçar. (They go to lunch.)

22. Vir

Meaning: To come

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu venho

Tu vens

Você/ele/ela vem

Nós vimos

Vos vindes

Vocês/eles/elas vêm

Example Sentence: Ele vem à minha casa. (He comes to my house.)

23. Sair

Meaning: To go out

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu saio

Tu sais

Você/ele/ela sai

Nós saímos

Vos saís

Vocês/eles/elas saem

Example Sentence: Vamos sair hoje à noite. (Let’s go out tonight.)

24. Caminhar

Meaning: To walk

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu caminho

Tu caminhas

Você/ele/ela caminha

Nós caminhamos

Vos caminhais

Vocês/eles/elas caminham

Example Sentence: Ele caminha para a casa de sua tia. (He walks to his aunt’s house.)

25. Voltar

Meaning: To return

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu volto

Tu voltas

Você/ele/ela volta

Nós voltamos

Vos voltais

Vocês/eles/elas voltam

Example Sentence: João volta hoje à noite. (João returns tonight.)

26. Deixar

Meaning: To leave, to quit

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu deixo

Tu deixas

Você/ele/ela deixa

Nós deixamos

Vos deixais

Vocês/eles/elas deixam

Example Sentence: Me deixar ir. (Let me go.)

27. Chegar

Meaning: To arrive

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu chego

Tu chegas

Você/ele/ela chega

Nós chegamos

Vos chegais

Vocês/eles/elas chegam

Example Sentence: Muitas vezes chegamos atrasados. (We often arrive late.)

Doing

28. Ter

Meaning: To have

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu tenho

Tu tens

Você/ele/ela tem

Nós temos

Vos tendes

Vocês/eles/elas têm

Example Sentence: A criança tem um brinquedo. (The child has a toy.)

29. Fazer

Meaning: To do, to make

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu faço 

Tu fazes

Você/ele/ela faz

Nós fazemos

Vos fazeis

Vocês/eles/elas fazem

Example Sentence: Eles me fazem feliz. (They make me happy.)

30. Comer

Meaning: To eat

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu como

Tu comes

Você/ele/ela come

Nós comemos

Vos comeis

Vocês/eles/elas comem

Example Sentence: Francisca come goiaba. (Francisca eats guava.)

31. Beber

Meaning: To drink

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu bebo

Tu bebes

Você/ele/ela bebe

Nós bebemos

Vos bebeis

Vocês/eles/elas bebem

Example Sentence: Ele bebe café. (He drinks coffee.)

32. Viver

Meaning: To live

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu vivo

Tu vives

Você/ele/ela vive

Nós vivemos

Vos viveis

Vocês/eles/elas vivem

Example Sentence: Nós vivemos no campo. (We live in the country.)

33. Dormir

Meaning: To sleep

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu durmo

Tu dormes

Você/ele/ela dorme

Nós dormimos

Vos dormis

Vocês/eles/elas dormem

Example Sentence: O bebê precisa dormir(The baby needs to sleep.)

34. Descansar

Meaning: To rest

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu descanso

Tu descansas

Você/ele/ela descansa

Nós descansamos

Vos descansais

Vocês/eles/elas descansam

Example Sentence: Precisamos descansar depois do jogo de futebol. (We need to rest after the soccer game.)

35. Comprar

Meaning: To buy

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu compro

Tu compras

Você/ele/ela compra

Nós compramos

Vos comprais

Vocês/eles/elas compram

Example Sentence: Eles compram comida quando estão com fome. (They buy food when they are hungry.)

36. Estudar

Meaning: To study

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu estudo

Tu estudas

Você/ele/ela estuda

Nós estudamos

Vos estudais

Vocês/eles/elas estudam

Example Sentence: Eu estudo a língua portuguesa. (I study the Portuguese language.)

37. Trabalhar

Meaning: To work

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu trabalho

Tu trabalhas

Você/ele/ela trabalha

Nós trabalhamos

Vos trabalhais

Vocês/eles/elas trabalham

Example Sentence: Trabalhamos o dia todo. (We work all day.)

38. Ajudar

Meaning: To help

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu ajudo

Tu ajudas

Você/ele/ela ajuda

Nós ajudamos

Vos ajudais

Vocês/eles/elas ajudam

Example Sentence: Eu gosto de te ajudar(I like to help you.)

39. Viajar

Meaning: To travel

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu viajo

Tu viajas

Você/ele/ela viaja

Nós viajamos

Vos viajais

Vocês/eles/elas viajam

Example Sentence: Eu quero viajar para o Brasil. (I want to travel to Brazil.)

40. Usar

Meaning: To use

Present Tense Conjugations: 

Eu uso

Tu usas

Você/ele/ela usa

Nós usamos

Vos usais

Vocês/eles/elas usam

Example Sentence: Para que você usa isso? (What do you use it for?)

41. Escrever

Meaning: To write

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu escrevo

Tu escreves

Você/ele/ela escreve

Nós escrevemos

Vos escreveis

Vocês/eles/elas escrevem

Example Sentence: Eu escrevo todos os dias. (I write every day.)

42. Ler

Meaning: To read

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu leio

Tu lês

Você/ele/ela lê

Nós lemos

Vos ledes

Vocês/eles/elas lêem

Example Sentence: Ele muitos livros. (He reads a lot of books.)

43. Dar

Meaning: To give

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu dou

Tu dás

Você/ele/ela dá

Nós damos

Vos dais

Vocês/eles/elas dão

Example Sentence: Ele me presentes. (He gives me presents.)

44. Comprar

Meaning: To buy

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu compro

Tu compras

Você/ele/ela compra

Nós compramos

Vos comprais

Vocês/eles/elas compram

Example Sentence: Eu compro lembranças. (I buy souvenirs.)

45. Jogar

Meaning: To play

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu jogo

Tu jogas

Você/ele/ela joga

Nós jogamos

Vos jogais

Vocês/eles/elas jogam

Example Sentence: Nós jogamos jogos juntos. (We play games together.)

46. Passar

Meaning: To pass

Passar is often used in other phrases, which is why it’s so common.

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu passo

Tu passas

Você/ele/ela passa

Nós passamos

Vos passais

Vocês/eles/elas passam

Example Sentence: Ele passa as roupas. (He irons his clothes; literally, “he passes his clothes.”)

47. Precisar

Meaning: To need

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu preciso

Tu precisas

Você/ele/ela precisa

Nós precisamos

Vos precisais

Vocês/eles/elas precisam

Example Sentence: O cachorro precisa de água. (The dog needs water.)

Talking

48. Falar

Meaning: To speak, to talk

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu falo

Tu falas

Você/ele/ela fala

Nós falamos

Vos falais

Vocês/eles/elas falam

Example Sentence: Eu falo um pouco de português. (I speak a little Portuguese.)

49. Chamar

Meaning: To call

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu chamo

Tu chamas

Você/ele/ela chama

Nós chamamos

Vos chamais

Vocês/eles/elas chamam

Example Sentence: Como você se chama(What do you call yourself?; used like “what’s your name?”)

50. Perguntar

Meaning: To ask

Present Tense Conjugations:

Eu pergunto

Tu perguntas

Você/ele/ela pergunta

Nós perguntamos

Vos perguntais

Vocês/eles/elas perguntam

Example Sentence: O que você quer perguntar(What do you want to ask?)

 

With these 50 Portuguese verbs, you’ll put some action into your education!
 

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