family in russian

31 Must-know Words to Talk About Your Family in Russian

Family.

They pick you up when you’re down.

They celebrate your successes.

They pretend to not notice when you trip over your tongue (or they laugh so hard that they cry).

Family is likely one of the most important things in your life, so it’s only natural that you’ll want to talk about your loved ones from time to time.

And if you’ve decided to study Russian, you might’ve already picked up a few family-related words to lace into conversations. But you might only know the tip of the iceberg!

Learning more Russian family words can infuse your vocabulary with useful vocabulary that you can use in everyday life. These 31 must-know Russian family words can help you converse about your clan!
 


 

Learn a foreign language with videos

Tips to Master Russian Family Words

Use them with your family.

What better way to practice your family words than interacting with your family? If your family knows a little Russian, that’s great! However, they don’t need to know any Russian for you to practice your new vocabulary with them.

You could just start using the words in Russian as nicknames for your family members! Using them regularly will help reinforce them and soon they’ll feel like second nature.

Practice them in context.

Practicing words in context is one of the best ways to learn (and remember) them. Since family-related words are quite common, you can find them all over authentic Russian content. You can even listen for them in your favorite Russian TV shows and movies, like “The Road to Calvary” and “Locust” on Netflix.

family in russian

If you want to practice with authentic content but it still seems a little daunting, FluentU can act as a bridge toward better Russian skills.

FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news clips and inspiring talks—and turns them into vocabulary and grammar-packed Russian lessons.

Each video contains interactive subtitles, which allow you to click on words you don’t know to instantly see definitions, images and example sentences. So you can still enjoy native-level Russian content even as a beginner!

In fact, FluentU’s Russian library contains hundreds of videos for every level, from beginners to advanced learners.

FluentU is also built to work with your schedule and preferences. You choose what you watch, when you watch it and how much you watch.

Whether you use FluentU on your computer, download the iOS app or use the Android app, you’ll have access to lots of great Russian learning content.

And while you learn, FluentU’s algorithm will track how you’re doing to present you with level-appropriate content that builds on what you already know.

Make your own flashcards.

Flashcards can be one of the quickest and easiest ways to learn more vocabulary, and family words are especially easy to learn with flashcards. You can make flashcards online, with a flashcard app or out of index cards!

And perhaps best of all, you can use real pictures of your family so that you see their smiling faces as you learn family-related words. Then you can associate the Russian words more directly with their meanings rather than translating in your head.

AnkiApp is a helpful tool you might use to make family vocabulary flashcards. You can include text, sound and images, making it easier to put together flashcards that meet your needs and preferences. A special algorithm tracks how well you know each flashcard to prioritize words you need to study more.

family in russian

Quizlet is another convenient option. This website lets users put together flashcard sets with words and pictures. But you don’t have to use your sets just as flashcards. You can also use the material for different activities, including games. Plus, you can access flashcard sets by other users, and there are dozens of options that focus on Russian family vocabulary.

Need another option? Cram also lets users create their own flashcards with text and images. Not only that, but you can also use countless flashcard sets focussed on Russian vocabulary that other users have put together.

When it comes to flashcard apps, sharing is definitely caring!

31 Must-know Words to Talk About Your Family in Russian

Семья

Meaning: Family

У меня хорошие отношения с моей семьёй. (I have a good relationship with my family.)

Родители

Meaning: Parents

Мои родители научили меня читать. (My parents taught me to read.)

Мать

Meaning: Mother

Мать is the most formal word for mother.

Моя мать – врач. (My mother is a doctor.)

Мама

Meaning: Mom

Most people, regardless of their age, use мама when addressing their mother or speaking informally.

Мама, можно мне конфетку на ужин? (Mom, can I have candy for dinner?)

Мамочка

Meaning: Mommy

Much like “mommy” in English, мамочка is commonly used when being particularly sweet to one’s mother. This is true for all age groups.

Я люблю тебя, мамочка! (I love you, mommy!)

Отец

Meaning: Father

Отец is generally used as “father” in a more formal setting.

Мой отец – юрист. (My father is a lawyer.)

Папа

Meaning: Dad

Children and adults usually use папа when speaking to their father or speaking casually about him.

Папа, а можно мне хомячка? (Dad, can I have a hamster?)

Папочка

Meaning: Daddy

Папочка is generally used when trying to sound sweet and can be used by any age group.

Пожалуйста, папочка, можно мне немного шоколада? (Please, daddy, can I have some chocolate?)

Сестра

Meaning: Sister

Моя сестра помогает убираться. (My sister helps clean.)

Брат

Meaning: Brother

Мой брат не любит пиццу. (My brother doesn’t like pizza.)

Дети

Meaning: Children

Их дети хорошо разбираются в математике. (Their children are good at math.)

Дочь

Meaning: Daughter

Наша дочь любит музыку. (Our daughter loves music.)

Сын

Meaning: Son

Наш сын готовит ужин. (Our son cooks dinner.)

Бабушка

Meaning: Grandmother

Моя бабушка много ругается. (My grandmother swears a lot.)

Дедушка

Meaning: Grandfather

Мой дедушка любит рыбачить. (My grandfather likes to fish.)

Внучка

Meaning: Granddaughter

Она крепко обняла внучку. (She hugged her granddaughter tightly.)

Внук

Meaning: Grandson

Его внук назван в его честь. (His grandson is named after him.)

Жена

Meaning: Wife

А чем занимается Ваша жена? (What does your wife do?)

Муж

Meaning: Husband

Где Вы познакомились с Вашим мужем? (Where did you meet your husband?)

Тётя

Meaning: Aunt

Моя тётя живёт в России. (My aunt lives in Russia.)

Дядя

Meaning: Uncle

Его дядя выиграл в лотерею. (His uncle won the lottery.)

Племянница

Meaning: Niece

Моя племянница хочет пойти в сауну. (My niece wants to go to the sauna.)

Племянник

Meaning: Nephew

Ваш племянник любит балет? (Does your nephew like ballet?)

Двоюродная сестра

Meaning: Cousin (female)

А где живёт ваша двоюродная сестра? (Where does your cousin live?)

Двоюродный брат

Meaning: Cousin (male)

Мой двоюродный брат выступает в цирке. (My cousin performs at the circus.)

Золовка, Свояченица, Невестка

Meaning: Sister-in-law

In Russian, there are several different words for sister-in-law depending on how she is related.

Золовка is the husband’s sister, свояченица is the wife’s sister and невестка is the brother’s wife.

Завтра приезжает моя невестка. (My sister-in-law arrives tomorrow.)

Шурин, Зять, Деверь, Свояк

Meaning: Brother-in-law

There are several Russian words for brother-in-law as well.

Шурин is the wife’s brother, зять is the sister’s husband, деверь is the husband’s brother and свояк is the wife’s sister’s husband.

Мой шурин работает в городе. (My brother-in-law works in the city.)

Тёща, Свекровь

Meaning: Mother-in-law

Тёща is the wife’s mother, while свекровь is the husband’s mother.

А Ваша свекровь хорошая? (Is your mother-in-law nice?)

Тесть, Свёкор

Meaning: Father-in-law

Тесть is the wife’s father, and свёкор is the husband’s father.

Твоему свёкру нравится подарок? (Does your father-in-law like the gift?)

Невестка

Meaning: Daughter-in-law

Ваша невестка такая умная! (Your daughter-in-law is so smart!)

Зять

Meaning: Son-in-law

У моего зятя хорошая работа. (My son-in-law has a good job.)

 

By now, you’re hopefully feeling confident in your ability to address, describe and chat about some of the most influential people in your life.

Family is important all over the world, and the topic of yours is bound to come up in future Russian conversations.

And by drilling these 31 Russian words into your growing vocabulary, talking about your loved ones will become instantly easier!
 

If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn Russian with real-world videos.

Experience Russian immersion online!

Comments are closed.