Is Korean Hard to Learn? Everything a Beginner Needs to Know
Is Korean hard to learn? It’s a question that every aspiring learner wonders about.
Difficulty shouldn’t ever be a reason to quit something before you start it, but I understand that it’s good to know how challenging something is beforehand. And I get it, learning a new language is as thrilling as it is daunting.
Keep on reading to find out whether Korean is as hard to learn as it might seem, and learn about different aspects of the language including word order, the alphabet and more!
- Is Korean Hard to Learn?
- Reasons Korean is Easier to Learn Than You’d Think
- And One More Thing...
Is Korean Hard to Learn?
I’ll keep the answer short.
No, Korean isn’t that hard to learn, so long as you’re committed and immerse yourself frequently in the language.
According to the Foreign Service Institute (FSI), Korean (like a few other prominent East Asian languages) is a Category V language and classified as “super-hard.” It’s estimated that it would take 88 weeks, or 2200 hours, for new learners to reach professional working proficiency.
That sounds like a monumental challenge, but don’t get caught up with these numbers.
Even though Korean is unique from English in most ways, the language itself is quite systematic. Once you know the foundational rules, you can progress steadily and consistently without too many hang-ups.
Reasons Korean is Easier to Learn Than You’d Think
1. The Hangul Alphabet Is Easy to Master
By far, one of the greatest blessings of the Korean language that most learners will come to love is the writing system.
The Hangul alphabet has been globally revered as the most efficient written language system. This makes sense, since back in the day, Hangul was originally made to be easily learned by the common people who otherwise couldn’t read.
Hangul consists of 24 letters, each one easy to distinguish and write. The appearance of the characters can also be matched somewhat intuitively to their phonemes. Many learners can grasp the entire alphabet in a matter of hours or a few days.
Check out this YouTube video from Korean with Miss Vicky to learn about just how easy Hangul is:
2. Korean Word Order Is Unique, But Logical
The basic Korean sentence structure follows a Subject-Object-Verb order. Compare this to English’s typical Subject-Verb-Object. It might take a bit to get used to the change, but this is just a matter of familiarity that you can ease into with steady practice.
Another factor that can complicate matters are grammatical particles. Particles, or markers, are little word additions that define the function of a noun in a sentence. They tell if something is the subject or object. There are multiple ones to memorize in Korean, which can take some time.
A third aspect that can be a bit tricky is spacing between words. It’s not the most important thing to consider, but it can still be a bit cumbersome when you’re practicing reading and writing. Indeed, many Korean natives don’t even follow the proper rules!
4. Korean Pronunciation Isn’t Too Exceptional
Many Korean phonemes are pretty similar to English ones, but there are a few exceptions. In particular, Korean double consonants and diphthongs don’t have exact English phoneme equivalents. Romanization of Korean words also falls somewhat short in capturing the accurate pronunciation.
But good pronunciation is very attainable–it’s all about listening. As you constantly hear Korean native speech, you’ll know how to make the proper mouth articulations to get the sounds just right.
Luckily, Korean is not a tonal language. The pitch of your voice and your accent won’t affect the meaning of what you say. This means that Korean pronunciation rules are quite consistent.
5. Korean Honorifics And Politeness Levels Are Tough, But Manageable
I won’t lie, these two things are pretty nuanced. Honorifics shouldn’t take you too long, but politeness levels can get complicated fast.
In Korean, how formal you are affects sentence structure, and formality changes depending on who you are in relation to who you’re speaking to.
There are seven speech levels in total. The “safe” method is to speak using the “neutral” formality level, which can get you through most everyday situations.
But you can breathe a sigh of relief, because learners don’t really have to learn all the intricacies of every politeness level. It’s mainly three or four different levels that you should focus on, each of which are quite distinct and recognizable.
6. Plenty of Loan Words From English
You’ll be pleased to know that Korean has plenty of loan words from English! Such vocabulary is present in all situational contexts, whether it’s public transportation or furniture shopping.
They’re most prominent in the fields of technology and pop culture, but overall, the number of English loanwords in the Korean language is generally expected to keep growing over time.
Plus, it’s not too hard to pronounce English things using Korean letters/phonemes. In this way, it’s likely that a native would still understand you.
7. Huge Amount of Korean Learning Resources Available
Nowadays, Korean is a very popular language to learn. Its appeal has been buffed as interest in Korean products (particularly food and media) continues to grow worldwide.
This means that there are many resources available for Korean language learners of all levels. These could be official language learning tools (such as textbooks and online classes) to less formal materials (like K-pop songs and K-dramas). Regardless of what you learn from, it’s guaranteed that you’ll find and enjoy plenty of it.
You can also learn through authentic Korean media with language learning programs such as FluentU.
FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.
So, to reiterate: is Korean really that hard to learn?
Forget the scary calculated numbers and labels, because they don’t mean much. Your learning experience will be entirely your own.
With the right level of commitment and educational resources, you can overtake what makes Korean difficult faster than you’d expect.
If you remain curious and diligent, then fluency is always within reach.
And One More Thing...
If you enjoyed this post, you're already halfway to having the time of your life learning Korean with FluentU!
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