60 Vegetables in Russian

Forget fancy caviar, Russia’s culinary soul shines through its humble vegetables.

From borscht’s vibrant crimson to shchi’s comforting cabbage, these underdogs have nourished souls for centuries.

This post will teach you how to name practically any vegetable in Russian… and it might leave you with a craving for potato pancakes!

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Traditional Russian Vegetables

For centuries, vegetables have been the backbone of Russian cuisine, driven by necessity and tradition. Long winters and religious fasting periods made them essential for sustenance, while their ability to be preserved ensured food security.

These vegetables, in particular, are the backbone of Russian cultural dishes: 

  • Картошка (Kartoshka) — Potatoes: Widely consumed and versatile, potatoes are a staple in Russian cuisine. They’re used in everything from salads and pancakes to soups and main dishes.
  • Капуста (Kapusta) — Cabbage: Cabbage is a key ingredient in dishes such as soups and salads.
  • Свекла (Svekla) — Beets: Beets are a common component of borscht, a traditional Russian soup known for its vibrant color and rich flavor. They’re also used in various salads.
  • Морковь (Morkov) — Carrots: Carrots are used in soups, stews and salads. They add sweetness and color to many Russian dishes.
  • Лук (Luk) — Onions: Onions are a fundamental part of Russian cooking, providing flavor to soups, stews and various main courses.
  • Чеснок (Chesnok) — Garlic: Garlic is used generously in Russian cuisine, contributing a strong flavor to dishes like garlic-infused soups and sauces.
  • Помидоры (Pomidori) — Tomatoes: Tomatoes are used in salads, soups and sauces. They’re also a common ingredient in summer dishes when fresh produce is abundant.
  • Огурцы (Ogurtzi) — Cucumbers: Cucumbers are popular in salads, pickles and cold summer soups like okroshka. Add fresh chopped cucumbers to your cold summer borscht for a delicious crunch!
  • Перцы (Pertzi) — Peppers: Both sweet and hot peppers are used in Russian cuisine, adding flavor and spice to different dishes.
  • Укроп (Ukrop) — Dill: While it’s an herb, dill is so commonly used in Russian cooking that it deserves mention. It flavors pickles, salads and various dishes.

These vegetables form the foundation of many traditional Russian meals, providing a balance of flavors and nutritional elements.

Овощи (Ovoshi): Vegetables in Russian

Below, you’ll find the names for practically any vegetable you’ll ever want to talk about in Russian. You can click on any Russian word to hear its pronunciation and study it over on the FluentU program for additional context.

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Root Vegetables

RussianPronunciationEnglish
Корнеплоды KorneplodyRoot Vegetables
Морковь Morkov'Carrot
Картошка KartoshkaPotato
Батат BatatSweet potato
Свекла SveklaBeets
Репа RepaTurnip
Пастернак PasternakParsnip
Редька RedkaRadish
Брюква BryukvaRutabaga
Ямс YamsYam
Дайкон DaikonDaikon radish
Топинамбур TopinamburJerusalem artichoke
Хикама HikamaJicama
Кассава KassavaCassava
Имбирь Imbir'Ginger
Куркума KurkumaTurmeric
Хрен HrenHorseradish

Leafy Greens

RussianPronunciationEnglish
Листовые овощи
Listovye ovoschiLeafy Greens
Шпинат ShpinatSpinach
Кале KaleKale
Салат романо Salat romanoRomaine lettuce
Швейцарская свекла Shveytsarskaya sveklaSwiss chard
Кольраби Kol'rabiCollard greens
Руккола RukkolaArugula
Жеруха ZherukhaWatercress
Пак-чой Pak-choyBok choy
Горчичные листья Gorchichnye list'yaMustard greens
Айсберг AysbergIceberg lettuce
Эндивий EndiviyEndive
Эскароль Eskarol'Escarole
Капуста KapustaCabbage

Alliums

RussianPronunciationEnglish
Луковые Lukovye Alliums
Лук LukOnions
Чеснок ChesnokGarlic
Лук-порей Luk-poreyLeeks
Лук-шалот Luk-ShalotShallots
Лук скорода Luk skorodaChives
Зеленый лук Zelenyy lukScallions

Legumes

RussianPronunciationEnglish
Бобовые BobovyeLegumes
Нут NutChickpeas
Чечевица ChechevitsaLentils
Урдю UrduBlack beans
Фасоль Fasol'Kidney beans
Бобы пинто Boby pintoPinto beans
Соевые бобы Soyevye bobySoybeans
Эдамамэ EdamameEdamame
Адзуки AdzukiAdzuki beans
Красная чичевица Krasnaya chichevitsaRed lentils
Зеленый горошек Zelenyy goroshekGreen peas

Other Vegetables

RussianPronunciationEnglish
Помидоры PomidoryTomatoes
Болгарский перец Bolgarskiy peretsBell peppers
Баклажан BaklazhanEggplant
Острые перчики Ostrye perchikiHot peppers
Физалис FizalisTomatillos
Брокколи BrokkoliBroccoli
Цветная капуста Tsvetnaya kapustaCauliflower
Капуста KapustaCabbage
Брюссельская капуста Bryussel'skaya kapustaBrussels sprouts
Тыква TykvaPumpkin
Кабачок KabachokZucchini

Beloved Russian Vegetable Dishes

Cabbage in hearty shchi, beets in vibrant borscht and pickled cucumbers as a ubiquitous condiment—vegetables weren’t just food, they were woven into the tapestry of Russian culture, symbolizing comfort, resilience and the vibrant flavors born from simple ingredients.

These vegetable-centric dishes are staples of Russian cuisine, and beloved by many: 

  • Борщ (Borscht): This iconic beet soup is a national symbol of Russia and a staple in every household. It can be eaten hot or cold and features the deliciously sweet notes of beets and cabbage. 
  • Винегрет (Vinegret): This colorful salad features beets, potatoes, carrots and pickles, offering a refreshing and healthy side dish. 
  • Вареники (Vareniki): These dumplings are often filled with mashed potatoes or other root vegetables.
  • Окрошка (Okroshka): This cold soup is ideal for a hot summer day. It’s made with a refreshing base of kvass (a fermented rye bread drink), and features chopped vegetables like cucumbers, radishes, green onions and sometimes potatoes. Okroshka can be vegetarian or include boiled meat or sausages.
  • Жаркое (Zharkoe): This simple but comforting dish features roasted potatoes and onions, and is often made with beef or veal. It’s a popular side dish or a vegetarian main course, often served with fresh herbs like dill or parsley.
  • Голубцы (Golubtsi): These savory stuffed cabbage rolls are made with cabbage leaves stuffed with a flavorful rice and meat filling (though vegan and vegetarian variations exist, as well). They’re cooked in a tomato sauce and are hearty and satisfying.
  • Драники (Draniki): Traditional potato pancakes made with grated potatoes, finely chopped onions, flour and eggs, and fried until golden brown. Some recipes add grated apple or zucchini for a twist. These crispy and flavorful pancakes are often served with sour cream or applesauce.
  • Vegetable stews: Russia has a variety of traditional vegetable stews, each with its own unique flavors and ingredients. Some popular examples include Щи  (Shchi) — cabbage soup and Рассольник  (Rassolnik) — pickled cucumber soup.
  • Квашенная капуста (Kvashennaya kapusta): This is a sour sauerkraut (not sweet like German sauerkraut). It’s a fermented cabbage dish that’s commonly prepared by finely shredding cabbage and then fermenting it through various lactic acid bacteria.

 

Vegetables are deeply intertwined with the cultural identity and culinary traditions of Russia. Their resilience, versatility and unique flavors have earned them a special place in the hearts and stomachs of Russian people.

Try making a traditional vegetable-rich Russian dish to accompany your next group study sesh for an authentic taste of the culture and lanaguge!

And One More Thing...

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