Grateful woman with hands pressed together, saying thank you

How to Say Thank You in 35 Languages

Saying thank you to show sincere gratitude is an important part of etiquette in almost all cultures.

Manners and etiquette differ from one culture to another—you’ll need to learn things like how to alter your table manners in China or Japan and when not to say thank you in India.

But learning the vocabulary of gratitude is the first step to properly showing your appreciation in a new language and culture. Here, we’ve listed the words for thank you in 35 different languages.


35 Different Ways to Say Thank You Internationally

If you’re embarking on an international adventure—or if you just want to be prepared to show gratitude to anyone you meet in life—it’s good to learn how to say thank you in different languages:

LanguageHow to Say “Thank You”Pronunciation
Arabic شكرا (shukraan)shoo-krin
Bengaliধন্যবাদ (dhonnobad)dhon-noh-bahd
Cantonese 唔該 (m̀h gōi)mm-guy
Dutch Dank je dahn-kyeh
Finnish Kiitos kee-tohs
French Merci mehr-see
German Danke dan-kuh
Greekευχαριστώ (efcharistó)eff-hhar-riss-toh
Hebrewתּוֹדָה (toda)toh-dah
Hindi धन्यवाद (dhanyavaad)tahn-ya-vahd
Icelandic Takk tack
IndonesianTerima kasihteh-ree-mah kah-see
Italian Grazie graht-zee
Japanese ありがとう  (arigatou)ah-ree-gah-toh
Khmerឣរគុណ (au kun)aw kunn
Korean 고마워 (gomawo)go-mah-wah
Mandarin 谢谢 (xièxie)shee-shee-uh
Nepaliधन्यवाद (dhanyabād)tahn-ya-vahd
Persianسپاسگزارم (sepās-gozāram)sey-pahs goh-zah-ram
Polish Dziękuję ci djen-ku-yen chee
Portuguese Obrigado oh-bree-gah-doh
Romanian Mulţumesc mull-tu-mesk
Russian Cпасибо (spasibo)spah-see-buh
Spanish Gracias grah-see-ahs
Swedish Tack tahk
Tagalog Salamatsah-lah-mah(t)
Thaiขอบคุณ (khàawp-khun)khob-khoon
TurkishTeşekkür ederimteh-shek-kurr eh-dehr-rim
UkrainianДякую (dyakuyu)djak-ku-yuh
Urduشکریہ (shukriya)shoo-kree-yah
Vietnamese Cảm ơnkam un

Heres a closer look at how you can express your gratitude in each of the 35 languages:

1. Afrikaans: Dankie

Dankie works for most situations, but to say thank you very much, use the longer expression Baie dankie, where baie means a lot.

2. Arabic: شكرا (shukraan)

While this is the more general thank you in standard Arabic, you can get a little more specific and say شكرًا لك (shukraan lak) when talking to a male or شكرًا لكي (shukraan laki) when talking to a female. Its not a necessity to add those words, but its a nice touch.

3. Bengali: ধন্যবাদ (dhonnobad)

A longer version of this would be আপনাকে ধন্যবাদ (apnake dhonnobad) if youre in a very formal situation or thanking someone older than you. For friends and loved ones that you’re close to, you would say তোকে ধন্যবাদ (toke dhonnobad) instead.

4. Cantonese: 唔該 (m̀h gōi)

You generally use this when thanking someone for an act or service, while 多謝 (dòjeh) is used to thank someone for a gift or compliment.

5. Czech: Děkuji

Another variation of this that you might hear is děkuju, which basically has the same meaning. For more casual speech, you can even shorten both of these to díky.

6. Dutch: Dank je

If speaking formally, its better to use dank u wel.

7. Finnish: Kiitos

This is the most common way of thanking someone, but you can use kiitos paljon in cases where youre extremely grateful to someone.

8. French: Merci

Short and sweet is the basic French word for thanksmerci. You may also hear people thank one another with merci mille fois, which means a thousand thanks.

9. German: Danke

If someone offers you something, its better to use bitte to say thank you in German. Danke, in that context, may give off the impression that youre declining the offer.

10. Greek: ευχαριστώ (efcharistó)

Its also acceptable to pat your chest with one hand as a small gesture conveying your thanks.

11. Hawaiian: Mahalo

You may choose to say mahalo nui loa, which means thank you very much. This word has a rich and interesting history worth reading about!

12. Hebrew: תּוֹדָה (toda)

In Hebrew, you can thank anyone with תּוֹדָה (toda), whether a close friend or your manager at work. If you want to show that you’re very grateful, theres also תּוֹדָה רַבָּה (toda raba).

13. Hindi: धन्यवाद (dhanyavaad)

This is quite a formal way of thanking someone. You can use शुक्रिया (shukriya), which is informal. Although neither of these are actually used very liberally in Indian culture.

14. Icelandic: Takk

This is a common way of saying thank you, but you may also use Þakka þér fyrir, which means thank you very much.

15. Indonesian: Terima kasih

Terima means to accept, while kasih means love—so this Indonesian phrase for thank you literally means to accept the love. You can use this in formal situations, but with someone that you already know well, you can shorten this to makasih.

16. Italian: Grazie

You can emphasize your gratitude by saying grazie mille, but be warned that this can sometimes be perceived as sarcasm!

17. Japanese: ありがとう (arigatou)

Use this thank you with family and friends, but not with someone of a higher social status, like your teacher or your boss. For them, you may use the slightly more polite ありがとうございますいます (arigatou gozaimasu).

18. Khmer: ឣរគុណ (au kun)

This is often paired with a sampeah, which is a gesture where you put your hands together and bow your head slightly.

19. Korean: 고마워 (gomawo)

Use this expression for thank you informally. To show respect to strangers or those of a higher status, add (yo) to the end. With someone of a higher social status, youll be safer using 감사합니다 (gamsahabnida), which is much more respectful.

20. Mandarin: 谢谢 (xièxie)

This is the main way to say thank you in Mandarin, but you can also use 多谢 (duōxiè), which is the equivalent of thanks a lot, to amplify the gratitude.

21. Nepali: धन्यवाद (dhanyabād)

You can even add धेरै (dhērai) or a lot for a stronger expression of gratitude: धेरै धेरै धन्यवाद (dhērai dhērai dhanyabād).

22. Persian: سپاسگزارم (sepās-gozāram)

The literal translation for this is I am grateful. In everyday situations, you can go with مرسی (mersi), which comes from French but is commonly used in Persian.

23. Polish: Dziękuję

You can also use a simple dzięki (thanks) or dziękuję bardzo, which means thank you very much.

24. Portuguese: Obrigado

Obrigado is used when spoken by a man, while women use obrigada. Choose the proper word ending according to your own gender!

25. Romanian: Mulţumesc

This is common, but you can also use îți mulțumesc, which is informal.

26. Russian: Cпасибо (spasibo)

You may also use Большое спасибо (bolshoe spasibo) or, when trying to show immense gratitudeогромное спасибо (ogromnoye spasibo).

27. Spanish: Gracias

It seems that most of the worlds inhabitants are already familiar with the Spanish word for thank you, gracias. Theres also muchas gracias or muchísimas gracias for even more emphasis.

28. Swahili: Asante

An alternative is nashukuru, which literally means I appreciate you. Another word for thank you is shukrani, although it’s not used as often.

29. Swedish: Tack

Its quite common to say tackar (thanks) or tack så mycket (thanks so much), the latter of which is just slightly more formal but still used in everyday situations.

30. Tagalog: Salamat

For thank you very much instead, the expression is maraming salamat. If you’re talking to an older person and you want to be respectful, many people also add po, so you would say salamat po.

31. Thai: ขอบคุณ (khàawp-khun)

This phrase works on its own, but it sounds more natural to add a particle at the end for your gender. For example, if you’re female, you would say ขอบคุณค่ะ (khàawp-khun ka), but if you’re male, you’d say ขอบคุณครับ (khàawp-khun krab) instead.

32. Turkish: Teşekkür ederim

This is an expressive way of saying thank you in Turkish, when another person has done something really special for you. For a more casual expression, there’s also teşekkürler, which is similar to thanks in English.

33. Ukrainian: Дякую (dyakuyu)

In the more Eastern parts of Ukraine, Спасибі (spasybi) is also used, although it’s still less common.

34. Urdu: شکریہ (shukriya)

In Pakistan, even people who speak other regional languages will be able to understand this! To make it even more appreciative, you can say thanks a lot with بہت شکریہ (bohat shukriya). 

35. Vietnamese: Cảm ơn

Remember to use tones with this! Cảm is pronounced with a broken falling tone, while ơn uses the flat tone. You’ll also typically have to add a pronoun after such as for an older woman or ông for an older man to make it sound more polite.

When you’re practicing your manners in a new country, pay close attention to what the locals do and try to figure out what the courteous customs are. If that doesn’t work for you, befriend a local and ask them about customs directly.

You might also find, as a language learner, that researching a culture will aid you in your language learning experience.

One effective (and entertaining) way to understand foreign cultures is by engaging with media from that culture. Not only are you learning the language, but you’re learning about customs, gestures and more. One way you can do this is by using a language program such as FluentU.

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There you have it! You’re now ready to receive all manner of nice things and express your appreciation and gratitude, no matter where you are.

Just remember that it’s not always about what you say, but what you do that matters.

And One More Thing...

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