Are you talking turkey?
You should be.
Many ESL students know little about the holiday we Americans celebrate each fall, yet it’s one of our most popular holidays. It’s a staple of American history and culture.
That’s why you should spend some time in class on it. But Thanksgiving activities don’t have to take over your lesson plans. Here are ten quick and easy ways to bring Turkey Day into the ESL classroom.
Let’s Talk Turkey: 10 Traditional Thanksgiving Activities for ESL Students
1. What Are You Thankful for?
Thanksgiving, as the name implies, is a time to give thanks for the things and people in our lives we appreciate. Many families take a moment to share what they’re thankful for around the table on the actual holiday.
You can give your students a chance to talk about the things they’re thankful for with one or more classmates in a free discussion.
After students have talked, invite any volunteers to share their thoughts with the class. You could go around the classroom one by one, since we’ll often go around the dinner table this way at Thanksgiving and give everyone the opportunity to share with the whole family. You might also have students write a paragraph or draw a picture about the people or things for which they are thankful.
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2. The Perfect Meal
Whether you call it stuffing or dressing, a traditional part of Thanksgiving is sharing a meal with family. Most people include turkey at the table as well as traditional favorites like stuffing, mashed potatoes, gravy, etc. Take a few moments to share with your students how your family celebrates Thanksgiving at the table. Then invite them to talk about traditional meals in their culture, what foods they include and what occasions they celebrate.
3. Pass Your Plate
Thanksgiving is a holiday where families and friends come together to share a meal. Sometimes others are invited to the meal as well, including military service persons and international students. Invite your class to a faux meal in the classroom with this simple ESL activity.
Ask students to share with the class their perfect meal. It can be any kind of food either from their home culture or host culture or neither. They will create their perfect plate by writing the names of the foods and ingredients on an actual paper plate.
If you can, bring several food magazines into class so students can cut pictures from them and paste them on to a paper plate. If you don’t have any magazines they can use, just have students draw pictures on the plate. Or both! Then have students share with the class what foods they put on their plate and why.
4. The Turkey Bowl
Thanksgiving is a big day for professional football. Some ESL students don’t know anything about the American sport or are confused by the little they have heard. Take a few minutes one day before the holiday to review the basic rules of American football.
Let students ask questions and answer them as best you can. If you don’t feel like you can field their questions, invite someone to class who can. Play a clip of a game in class if you are able as well.
Then teach your students some common phrases to cheer on their team. If they are up for it, try playing a simple game of two hand tag football and practicing your cheers.
5. Everyone Loves a Parade
You might not like turkey or football, but everyone loves a parade, and there is none bigger than the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade. Brief your students on Macy’s Thanksgiving Day parade, which has been around for almost one hundred years. (In 2024 it will celebrate its hundredth birthday.)
Show them some pictures of the balloons that have been used in past years. Then put your students in groups to discuss who they would like to see added to the parade—either in balloon form or in real life on a float.
Ask each student to write a letter to the parade planners suggesting their addition with reasons why that person or character should be added.
6. Thanksgiving Bingo
No matter what the season, Bingo is always a good go-to game for the ESL classroom. Thanksgiving is no exception.
Print out these Thanksgiving Bingo cards and review with your students the vocabulary associated with the holiday. Then play a round or two as your students practice their listening skills while learning the vocabulary.
If you want to make things even more challenging, try playing for different winning combinations like four corners, full card and edges. It will make the game a bit tougher and also teach your students some new vocabulary in the process.
7. Thanksgiving Charades and Pictionary
Now that you have gone over your Thanksgiving vocabulary while playing Bingo, take it to the next step. Divide your class into two teams and have one person from each team draw a vocabulary word out of a hat.
Then let them act out the word or draw a picture of it while their team tries to guess the Thanksgiving word. Charades and Pictionary are great fun and always get students’ energy levels up. It will also cement the holiday vocabulary in their minds as your students have a great time.
8. Thanksgiving Survey
How does the average person celebrate Thanksgiving? Find out by sending your students to the street with a simple holiday survey. To prepare, come up with a list of possible questions to ask strangers about Thanksgiving such as what is your favorite food, who do you eat with, do you watch football, etc.
Put students in groups of three and have each group choose three or four questions. Then send your groups out to talk to people on the street, in the mall or whatever public area near you has a good number of people. If you are abroad, you can ask your students to pay a visit to a tourist destination and find Americans there to ask.
If you don’t have any areas like that, it’s okay. Send your students to another classroom to ask others in your school. For each interviewee, one student should ask the questions and record the person’s answers.
After each member of the group has surveyed at least two people, tell your class members to come back together. Compile all of your findings in a bar graph and talk about the information you discovered.
9. The Good Old Days
This activity is good for reviewing mixed past tenses. Ask your students what they know about the first Thanksgiving. If they don’t know much, send them to your library to find out more.
Have groups of around four students talk together and compile the information they found. Then ask them to compare the first Thanksgiving to how the holiday is celebrated now. As groups discuss the past holiday and the present one, they might also discuss the general differences in life between that time and now. During the discussion, encourage students to use mixed past tenses.
10. Turkey How-to
FluentU is a great resource full of authentic materials for your classroom!
FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.
The program contains several Thanksgiving videos you can watch and use in class. Try showing this video on how to cook a turkey to your class. As they watch the first time, have them write down the basic steps in the process. Then let them watch the video again and have students add details to their notes. After two or three times through the video, put students in pairs to compare their notes and then practice giving each other instructions on how to cook a turkey.
If you want to give your students a real treat, bring in a roasted turkey and have a feast in class. Many ESL students have never had turkey before (or at least not one cooked in the same style) and will love the chance to experience an American Thanksgiving meal in class. Don’t put all the prep on yourself, however. Invite your students or their parents to bring food in for the feast (it does not have to be traditional) or ask other teachers to share in the prep and the feast with their class. Do so always being mindful of possible allergies.
Then celebrate and be thankful for all the blessings you have in life.
After all, that’s what the holiday is all about!
Your students will be very thankful that they have learned so much American culture and language from you.
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