Portuguese Idioms for Learners: 50 Common Portuguese Expressions
Idioms usually can’t be translated literally. And if they are, confusion ensues for language learners.
If you’re learning Portuguese, knowing some of the most common Portuguese idioms can save you from a lot of confusion and help you speak like a native—and understand them!
Whether you’re a beginner or almost fluent in Portuguese, learning Portuguese idioms will give your speech that extra quality to impress the locals.
In this article, you’ll learn 50 popular Portuguese idioms, what they mean and when to use them.
- 1. Cara de pau
- 2. É muita areia para o meu caminhão
- 3. Maria vai com as outras
- 4. Uma andorinha não faz verão
- 5. Cair a ficha
- 6. Ficar de molho
- 7. Comprar gato por lebre
- 8. Sem eira nem beira
- 9. Ir para o olho da rua
- 10. Pôr o rabo entre as pernas
- 11. Torcer o nariz
- 12. Ficar a ver navios
- 13. De noite todos os gatos são pardos
- 14. A carapuça serviu
- 15. Coração de pedra
- 16. Quem vê cara, não vê coração
- 17. Partir o côco a rir
- 18. Está para nascer um burro
- 19. Barata tonta
- 20. Ir com os porcos
- 21. Muitos anos a virar frangos
- 22. Pão pão queijo queijo
- 23. Falar pelos cotovelos
- 24. Estar feito ao bife
- 25. Para inglês ver
- 26. Ter macaquinhos na cabeça
- 27. Estar com a pulga atrás da orelha
- 28. Bicho de sete cabeças
- 29. Atirar-se de cabeça
- 30. Alimentar um burro a pão de ló
- 31. Burro velho não aprende línguas
- 32. Armar-se em carapau de corrida
- 33. Cão que ladra não morde
- 34. Amigos, amigos, negócios à parte
- 35. Fia-te na Virgem e não corras
- 36. Estás a meter água
- 37. Pagar o pato
- 38. Pelo sim, pelo não
- 39. Não há bela sem senão
- 40. Não é a minha praia
- 41. Tomara-que-caia
- 42. Descascar o abacaxi
- 43. Enfiar o pé na jaca
- 44. Tempestade em copo d’agua
- 45. Dá Deus nozes a quem não tem dentes
- 46. João sem braço
- 47. Engolir sapos
- 48. Tirar o cavalinho da chuva
- 49. Matar dois coelhos com uma tacada só
- 50. A galinha do vizinho sempre é mais gorda
1. Cara de pau
Literal translation: “wooden face”
This Portuguese idiom from Brazil is used to say that someone’s acting shamelessly.
You know those cat videos where the cat is going to knock something off the table and the owner shouts for the cat to stop? Then the cat stares straight at its owner and promptly knocks the item off the table? That’s a perfect example of the cat being cara de pau (shameless).
2. É muita areia para o meu caminhão
Literal translation: “this is too much sand for my truck”
Maybe you’ve taken on too much. You’re working full-time, volunteering on the weekends, going to school at night, playing in a local sports league and you just can’t say no.
You might say it’s more than you can handle, which is what this idiom means. It’s close in meaning to the English “I’m in way over my head.”
3. Maria vai com as outras
Literal translation: “Maria goes with the others”
If you want to call someone out for just following the crowd or being a follower of the pack, this is the idiom you’re looking for.
4. Uma andorinha não faz verão
Literal translation: “one swallow does not make a summer”
This idiom exists in English, too, but with a slightly different meaning. In English, you use it to mean that one occurrence of something doesn’t mean that it’s a trend.
In Portuguese, it means that working together is more beneficial than working alone.
5. Cair a ficha
Literal translation: “to drop the token”
Say your friend is trying to explain some physics concept, but it’s just not making sense. Then, finally, you understand! When that happens, you might say, “Caiu a ficha!” (“I get it!”)
In other words, use this Brazilian phrase when you finally understand something.
6. Ficar de molho
Literal translation: “to be soaking”
If you hate lying in bed all day, you might use this phrase. It’s used to describe waiting uncomfortably or having to rest despite not wanting to.
If you get sick and have to stay home from work, you might say you have to ficar de molho.
7. Comprar gato por lebre
Literal translation: “to buy a cat thinking it was a rabbit”
While this phrase means that you’ve been fooled, the Brazilian idiom is usually used when talking about someone being fooled in politics, specifically.
8. Sem eira nem beira
Literal translation: “without land nor roof”
If someone is penniless, then they can be described as sem eira nem beira or, in other words, destitute.
9. Ir para o olho da rua
Literal translation: “to go to the eye of the street”
This idiom means to be fired from a job. You can say someone’s mandado (sent) pro olho da rua.
10. Pôr o rabo entre as pernas
Literal translation: “to put one’s tail between the legs”
We all know the image. When a dog is scared, its tail goes between its legs. But as an idiom in Portuguese, it means to leave feeling shameful.
11. Torcer o nariz
Literal translation: “to tweak one’s nose”
If you disagree with something, a quick way to say so is by using this idiom. It’s similar to saying that you “turn your nose up” at something in English.
12. Ficar a ver navios
Literal translation: “to stay watching the ships”
Ficar a ver navios is an idiom from Portugal that refers to when someone waits for something to happen but it never does.
13. De noite todos os gatos são pardos
Literal translation: “all night, all cats are gray”
At night, you can’t see very well, so even a cat with the brightest orange fur will appear gray. The idiom is used to say that it’s easy to make mistakes.
14. A carapuça serviu
Literal translation: “the hat fits”
Literally, this Portuguese idiom means “the hat fits,” which is very similar to the English idiom of the same meaning: “if the shoe fits.” You use this ironically when someone accidentally outs themselves as guilty.
So, if someone lies to you and then accidentally says something that outs them, you’d say “Serve-te carapuça?”
15. Coração de pedra
Literal translation: “heart of stone”
The mental image this phrase creates is pretty spot on with the meaning: It refers to a person with no empathy. In English, we’d say that it’s a “heart of ice.”
16. Quem vê cara, não vê coração
Literal translation: “those who see faces don’t see hearts”
If you want to know the Portuguese equivalent phrase to “don’t judge a book by its cover,” this is the phrase!
17. Partir o côco a rir
Literal translation: “to break the coconut laughing”
If you like telling jokes, you might use this idiom to describe your audience. It describes a person laughing so hard that they lose control.
18. Está para nascer um burro
Literal translation: “a donkey is about to be born”
We all expect that the people we know will act a certain way. When they don’t, we’re shocked.
This idiom refers to someone doing something so out of the ordinary that it’s hard to believe.
19. Barata tonta
Literal translation: “dizzy cockroach”
If you’ve ever seen a cockroach run away because it knows you’re going to smash it, then you’ll understand this funny Portuguese expression.
It’s used to refer to someone who’s clumsy or disoriented—much like a cockroach after the first time you smack it.
20. Ir com os porcos
Literal translation: “he went with the pigs”
This is another way to say that someone passed away or was eliminated, especially when it’s someone you don’t like, like a villain in a book. For instance, you can say “Ele foi com os porcos” (“he went with the pigs”).
21. Muitos anos a virar frangos
Literal translation: “many years turning chickens”
The idea behind this Portuguese idiom is that someone’s an expert at something because they’ve spent so long doing it.
In Portugal, chicken is often grilled, so someone who’s been grilling chicken for a long time (turning it over on the grill) is an expert at it.
22. Pão pão queijo queijo
Literal translation: “bread bread cheese cheese”
If you’re in a restaurant, be careful you don’t say this too loud next to the waiter because they might bring you extra bread and cheese!
But in everyday life, this phrase is used to mean “it is what it is.”
23. Falar pelos cotovelos
Literal translation: “to speak by the elbows”
My husband would probably say I falo pelos cotovelos, meaning that I talk too much.
The Brazilian expression comes from the idea that when you’re talking with someone and they won’t let you get a word in, you touch their elbow to get their attention.
24. Estar feito ao bife
Literal translation: “to be done to the beef”
This expression is used when you encounter a problem that you don’t know how to solve.
25. Para inglês ver
Literal translation: “so the English can see it”
This idiom came about when Brazilian slave owners were supposed to set their slaves free after Brazil was recognized by Great Britain. Brazil passed a law stating its intentions to follow through but didn’t always do so.
Thus, the idiom para inglês ver, or “so the English can see it” was born. It’s used to mean “only for appearances” or “to show off.”
26. Ter macaquinhos na cabeça
Literal translation: “to have little monkeys inside your head”
The literal translation is such a weird image, isn’t it? This idiom refers to someone who has strange or illogical ideas.
27. Estar com a pulga atrás da orelha
Literal translation: “to have a flea behind your ear”
This idiom creates a nasty mental picture that might send shivers up your spine. Use it to mean that someone’s feeling suspicious.
28. Bicho de sete cabeças
Literal translation: “seven-headed beast”
This idiom is used similarly to the phrase in English “the very devil” or to refer to a huge complication.
For example, you might say, “Esse situação vai se-tornar difícil. (This situation is going to become difficult.) É um (It is a) bicho de sete cabeças.”
29. Atirar-se de cabeça
Literal translation: “to plunge head-first”
In English, we have an idiom “to plunge head-first,” which is an exact translation of this idiom in Portuguese. It means to go into something fully, without first really thinking about it.
30. Alimentar um burro a pão de ló
Literal translation: “to feed the donkey sponge cake”
Would you waste some delicious sponge cake on a donkey? Maybe if you really loved that donkey. But you’d probably rather eat the sponge cake yourself.
This funny Portuguese idiom means to treat someone well who doesn’t deserve it.
31. Burro velho não aprende línguas
Literal translation: “an old donkey doesn’t learn languages”
In other words, you can’t teach a dog new tricks. That’s the English version of this idiom, which implies that people are generally set in their ways.
32. Armar-se em carapau de corrida
Literal translation: “to be racing like a mackerel”
The mackerel isn’t seen as a very interesting fish, so the idiom is used to refer to someone who thinks he’s a big shot but is really a nobody. (Sorry, mackerel!)
33. Cão que ladra não morde
Literal translation: “dog that barks doesn’t bite”
Do you know the phrase “all bark but no bite?” This idiom is similar. It refers to someone who threatens but is harmless.
34. Amigos, amigos, negócios à parte
Literal translation: “friends, friends, business aside”
This is an easy one: It means don’t mix friendship with business.
35. Fia-te na Virgem e não corras
Literal translation: “trust the Virgin and don’t run”
In this case, “Virgin” refers to the Virgin Mary. It means that you should do something instead of waiting for a miracle.
This European idiom is said as a warning but in an ironic way. For instance, if someone’s in trouble and does nothing, then you say this phrase to them.
36. Estás a meter água
Literal translation: “you’re letting water in”
When someone is making a fool of themselves, this is what you’d say to them.
37. Pagar o pato
Literal translation: “to pay for the duck”
When you take the fall for something someone else does, you’re pagando o pato.
38. Pelo sim, pelo não
Literal translation: “by the yes, by the no”
Use this Portuguese idiom in place of the English phrase, “just in case.”
39. Não há bela sem senão
Literal translation: “there’s no beauty without an if”
You use this to say that there’s no such thing as perfection.
If you freak out about your hair looking bad, you might adopt this idiom to help you remember that perfect hair is impossible.
40. Não é a minha praia
Literal translation: “it’s not my beach”
To say, “it’s not my thing,” you can use this idiom.
Literal translation: “I hope it falls”
This is a pretty funny Brazilian Portuguese phrase. An “I hope it falls” is what you’d call a tube top or a strapless dress/shirt in Portuguese.
42. Descascar o abacaxi
Literal translation: “peel the pineapple”
This Portuguese idiom means “to solve a problem.”
Can’t get past the prickly exterior of a pineapple to the juicy goodness inside? Just peel it! Problem solved.
43. Enfiar o pé na jaca
Literal translation: “to stick your foot in the breadfruit”
Breadfruit is a Brazilian fruit that’s very sticky. The idiom means “just go for it!”
When you’re on a diet but then meet up with friends at a rodizio de pizza (all-you-can-eat pizza restaurant), you might say, “Vou enfiar o pé na jaca hoje!” (“I’m going to go for it tonight!”)
44. Tempestade em copo d’agua
Literal translation: “a hurricane in a cup of water”
This idiom means that someone is making a big deal out of something that’s really a small issue. It’s similar to the English phrase “storm in a teacup.”
For example, your friend might be acting overdramatic to which you might say, “Para de fazer uma tempestade em copo d’agua!” (“Stop making a big deal out of nothing!”).
45. Dá Deus nozes a quem não tem dentes
Literal translation: “God gives nuts to those who don’t have teeth”
We all know someone who doesn’t make use of an opportunity they’re given—what a waste! This is the idiom to describe them.
46. João sem braço
Literal translation: “John without arms”
This idiom from Portugal comes from a time when Portugal was at war. When people lost limbs, they were excused from fighting. It’s used to refer to someone who’s pretending to be helpless to get out of something or to play dumb.
47. Engolir sapos
Literal translation: “to swallow frogs”
This idiom means “to bite one’s tongue.” You might say this to a friend who’s about to say something they shouldn’t.
48. Tirar o cavalinho da chuva
Literal translation: “to take the horse from the rain”
This is something you say in place of the English phrase, “Don’t count on it!”
The phrase originated from the days when people used horses as their main mode of transportation. If they were to stay the night at someone’s house, the host might say they could move their horse out of the rain and into a covered area.
Today, it’s used ironically. Maybe someone approaches you and presumptuously says, “You’re going rock climbing with me today,” but you hate rock climbing. You might respond with “Tirar o cavalinho da chuva!”
49. Matar dois coelhos com uma tacada só
Literal translation: “to kill two rabbits with just one shot”
This idiom is very similar to the English idiom “to kill two birds with one stone,” except in the Portuguese idiom, we’re hunting rabbits instead of birds.
Essentially, it means getting two things done with one action—like when you wash your dog in the tub and the bathroom also gets a thorough cleaning.
50. A galinha do vizinho sempre é mais gorda
Literal translation: “the neighbor’s chicken is always fatter”
This idiom has a similar sentiment to the English idiom, “The grass is always greener on the other side.”
You say this to a friend as a warning, reminding them to be happy with what they have rather than looking at what other people have.
This list of 50 Portuguese idioms may be daunting, but you don’t have to learn them all at once.
Focus on one at a time and you’ll be sounding like a natural in no time!