Hallyu, also known as the Korean Wave, is taking the world by storm.
And as far as waves go, it’s pretty rad.
Korean media is quite popular outside its native country. Perhaps you already know this if you enjoy watching a ton of Korean-related videos on the side.
But it turns out that your video playlist can be a treasure trove for something beyond entertainment.
That’s right—even something like watching TV or movies can actually help you learn a language.
The way to do this is by turning to the most underestimated Korean learning tool out there: Subtitles.
Yes, that’s right—they aren’t just for monolingual viewers who need translations.
Why Learn Korean with Subtitles?
That’s the big question for today, and the answers are numerous. Not only is it fun to watch videos with subtitles, but it’s also incredibly easy. There are already plenty of Korean videos online that offer subtitles by default, so you won’t have to go looking far for them.
Another plus is that context is given with the language, providing you with a learning experience supplemented by not only text, but visual and audio cues. You’ll be learning vocabulary as it’s used in certain scenarios, so you’ll increase your understanding of the what, when and how of the Korean language.
This leads to the next point: Subtitles on videos offer a multi-sensory and interactive experience where you’ll be triggering your reading, watching and listening abilities. Everything’s in action, which can help you become fully immersed in the act of learning.
Lastly, by watching videos and translated subtitles, you’ll learn the authentic aspects of the Korean language. Most of these videos were probably tailored for Korean natives, so the content carries a genuine quality of not only the use of the language, but also the culture.
You can pick up commonly-used slang, conversational tidbits, accents and other nuances that textbooks don’t usually cover. It also helps that many of the videos can focus on a variety of topics, giving you greater exposure to the different points of the lingual spectrum.
How to Radically Improve Your Korean with Subtitles
There are three major ways you can be utilizing videos and subtitles.
- Watch Korean-language videos with English subtitles: This is probably the most common way to do it if you’re a beginner or aren’t comfortable with the language. Doing this can help you practice your reading, listening and speaking skills. At some point (perhaps after many re-watches), you might find that you don’t need the subtitles anymore. If so, then challenge yourself by switching them off and seeing how much of the video you understand.
- Watch English-language videos with Korean subtitles: This will test your reading skills as you match the English with the translated Korean. You also have the option to ignore the audio altogether to see if you can figure out what’s happening by the subtitles alone!
- Watch Korean-language videos with Korean subtitles: This will be the ultimate test of knowledge as you navigate in complete Korean. However, you’ll be honing reading, writing and listening skills—full exposure to the language. You can do this when you feel comfortable enough with the language.
Where to Find Subtitled Korean Videos
You can find plenty of Korean dramas from sites dedicated to spreading that Korean Wave worldwide, such as DramaGo, Viki and Dramafever.
Dailymotion also has a surprisingly nice variety of Korean dramas, TV shows and movies.
Reliable, old YouTube also hosts a good number of Korean videos. Stay in touch with the cool, modern videos by watching the Popular on YouTube – South Korea page. Some of them may not be subtitled, but many are, so shuffle through and see what you can find. You’ll probably be pleasantly surprised at the range of entertainment you can encounter.
Alternatively, you can look up subtitles for certain videos by going to Google or Naver and adding 자막 (subtitles) to the end of what you’re searching. For example, if you want to find a subtitled version of the movie “X-Men Apocalypse,” you’ll type “X-Men Apocalypse 자막.”
Lastly, if you’re all about learning Korean through videos, you’ll definitely want to check out FluentU.
Here's a quick look at the variety of video choices available to you:
Each word in the interactive captions comes with a definition, audio, image, example sentences and more.
Access a complete interactive transcript of every video under the Dialogue tab, and easily review words and phrases from the video under Vocab.
Don't stop there, though. You can use FluentU’s unique quizzes to learn the vocabulary and phrases from the video through fun questions.
FluentU even tracks your progress and remembers all the words you've learned, making for a 100% personalized experience.
Review sessions use video context to help embed the words in your memory. The best part? You can access the full FluentU video library with a free trial!
Start using FluentU Korean on the website or download the app from the iTunes or Google Play store.
A Note of Advice on Learning Korean with Subtitles
With all the pluses of learning Korean with subtitles, there are also some unique situations you might run into along the way.
- When the act of watching overrides the act of learning, it’s easy to give up being an “active listener” and instead just read subtitles. It’s not hard to get distracted when you’re caught up in the video’s content itself! However, don’t forget your alternate motive for watching—there’s supposed to be some challenge involved, so when you start realizing that your eyes are doing more work than your brain, step right back into study mode!
- To that end, try to avoid using subtitles as a crutch. It’s fine to focus on them in the beginning, but wean off them as you learn more Korean. Try to hone your ear instead and pick up on the words you do know, identifying those you don’t so you can figure them out afterwards. One way to avoid over-dependence on subtitles is to switch them off entirely for a while.
- Be wary of adapted or inaccurate translation. This problem can be a little subtle and hard to pick up, especially when you’re a beginner. However, when you get better at Korean, you’ll probably notice that some translations seem off or almost “too convenient” for English-speakers. That’s to be expected, especially since foreign languages have unique vocabulary that can’t be translated perfectly. Just keep an eye out, and perhaps jot down the words that you feel would be helpful to look up afterwards.
5 Techniques to Make the Most out of Subtitles for Learning Korean
Now, before you jump into a watching spree, you might want to take note of these techniques that can act as your learning methods.
1. Stop, drop and rewind
Pause the video frequently so you can take notes on the Korean vocabulary or phrases that were just used. Pluck them apart so that you understand the underlying grammar, as well as how the sentence was structured overall. If you’re watching a Korean video, rewind and listen once more so you can either hear the pronunciation or practice speaking the words yourself.
This practice is simple, but powerful. The first time you watch a video, you may get the gist of what was said before forgetting about it within the next few seconds. However, just as re-watching your favorite movie acquaints you with its entire script, viewing a Korean video can also familiarize you with the Korean words and vocabulary used. All that’s really needed is for you to actively pick them apart.
So keep your hand on that pause button and be ready to dissect the content!
2. Keep your dictionary open
In line with the first technique, you’ll want to have some kind of dictionary or resource available so that you can look up words you don’t understand.
Some dictionaries let you search up entire phrases as well, such as Naver’s online dictionary. Looking up phrases as opposed to individual words can be greatly beneficial, as it shows you how things are plugged together, as well as exceptions to the general rules.
Don’t be discouraged if you find yourself having to check for definitions often—if anything, you’re gaining much more by doing so! Remember too that you can write down those unfamiliar words, or even better, make flashcards out of them so you can review them even when you’re not watching the video.
3. Speak and repeat
Don’t let the actors be the only ones talking. Practice your own speaking skills by repeating the Korean you heard (or read). You can also attempt to recreate the accents.
Why practice accents? Accents can be quite crucial when you want natives to understand you as you speak their language. In many cases, even if you know a lot of vocabulary, the way you enunciate words can still cause some confusion to native speakers.
The way to remedy this is by practicing your pronunciation, which you can do by parroting what you hear. Even if you don’t understand everything that was said, you at least familiarize yourself with Korean diction and intonation.
4. Go on and off with subtitles
If you’re going to watch a Korean-language video, glance away from or disable subtitles to really challenge your comprehension. This drives the point that your motivation for watching isn’t just to entertain yourself!
You can have your initial viewing of the video with no subtitles, or disable them after watching the video one or more times. Either way, you’ll be more alert as your brain tries to navigate through the Korean language.
From videos alone, you can be exposed to a huge spectrum of Korean culture. This also means that you’ll be encountering the language in a variety of contexts.
Be adventurous and search for videos in which you expect very different audio or use of the language. This can mean dabbling in different genres or checking out different forms of visual media.
By doing so, you’ll be exposed to a greater range of Korean. For example, you can learn how the same vocabulary is used in starkly different scenarios, or learn entirely new bits of the language exclusive to certain situations. You’ll probably hear some very different things in a sitcom show versus a mystery film.
With diversity, you keep your education dynamic, not static, and also add a lot of vigor and flavor to your learning!
When it comes to learning a new language, there are plenty of fun and interesting avenues you can take to build up your skills.
With that in mind, you’ll find that being an active watcher of Korean videos, as well as a critical analyzer of subtitles, will be an intriguing way to boost your knowledge of the culture and language.
If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn Korean with real-world videos.