How to Learn Japanese Fast: 10 Smart Tips for Getting Fluent in Less Time
You want to speak Japanese now, like right now.
Obviously you can’t learn a language instantly, but there are many ways to fast-track your language learning abilities.
I became fluent in Japanese even with a full-time job. What saved me time was knowing my goals, then working through a series of clear steps to reach them.
After the basics, it became all about keeping up the practice and doing plenty of immersion in Japanese.
Here are 10 tips to get you started on your journey to fast Japanese fluency!
- 1. Set Goals and a Time Frame
- 2. Commit to Specific Learning Resources
- 3. Recognize Common Kanji
- 4. Practice the SOV Sentence Structure
- 5. Watch Japanese YouTube Videos
- 6. Try Shadowing
- 7. Learn with Real People Online
- 8. Make the Most of Mnemonics
- 9. Think in Japanese
- 10. Keep up the Habit to Learn Faster
1. Set Goals and a Time Frame
Why do you want to learn Japanese?
Getting clear on this will help you prioritize what you need to learn.
If you’re looking to take a trip to Japan, you need to know phrases and vocabulary specific to travel and asking questions. If you’re doing business with Japanese speakers, you’ll need to learn language specific to your line of work.
These specifics will help you narrow down the vocabulary and material you need to achieve that goal.
You should also identify a time frame in which you’d like to accomplish certain goals. For instance, if you’re tackling hiragana for the first time, try saying “I want to learn hiragana in one week.”
However, it has to be something that’s actually achievable. A goal like “I want to memorize all 2,136 official kanji in one month” is highly unlikely to happen. It takes Japanese children 18 years to learn all of them!
Instead, try for “I want to learn 15 kanji per day.” Way more reasonable!
With a solid plan, you’ll be able to hit the ground running and make progress right away.
2. Commit to Specific Learning Resources
Having reliable and engaging resources is vital for keeping you on track during your studies—and they can also serve as a roadmap for you to follow.
You can commit to studying Japanese textbooks or audio resources every day. One great textbook for Japanese beginners is “Japanese for Everyone.” It introduces you to the most basic grammar structures all in kana, and conveniently includes the most basic introductions and pleasantries.
To round out your language learning, pair your studies with an effective language learning app. Many of these have progress trackers and can recommend lessons based on your Japanese level.
For example, FluentU allows you to watch and learn directly from authentic Japanese videos like drama clips, music videos and interviews. Videos are organized based on difficulty and topic, and they all have dual-language subtitles that you can click on to see the meaning of any Japanese word:
After watching a video, you can solidify your learning with flashcards and personalized quizzes. The program also prepares regular reviews for you since it keeps track of what you’ve mastered and what you need to work on.
3. Recognize Common Kanji
Let’s face it: learning kanji or 漢字 (かんじ) is not the friendliest of tasks, especially with over 2,000 characters in regular use.
If your goal is fast fluency, you’ll want to focus more on learning to read kanji. It’s becoming less necessary to be able to write kanji, and more important to be able to spell it out in hiragana on a phone or computer.
While kanji can be daunting, it’s still highly important because of how linked kanji is to vocabulary. In fact, learning kanji and vocabulary at the same time is crucial because kanji often implies meaning.
Let’s look at the kanji for “day”: 日 (ひ).
We can combine this kanji with others to create longer words. When we combine 日 with the kanji 今 (いま), which means “now,” it makes the word “today”:
now + day = today
Another example would be 会 (かい) — meet:
meet + talk = conversation
meet + in society = company
Once you learn a kanji, it can open up clues to a ton of other words. And the more kanji you learn, the more hints and clues you get with new vocabulary!
One great source for learning vocabulary is Sayaka Kurashina’s “日本語単語スピードマスター“ (にほんご たんご すぴーどますたー) — Japanese Vocabulary Speed Master.
This book shows you how to internalize the look, sound and meaning of the kanji. Also, since the vocabulary is grouped by topic, you’ll recognize recurring kanji in each chapter. You’ll be able to guess the pronunciation of new vocabulary, and more importantly, predict its meaning.
4. Practice the SOV Sentence Structure
Basic Japanese grammar is relatively simple after you learn a few of the fundamentals.
First of all, Japanese sentences have an SOV construction. So the subject comes first, then the object and finally the verb.
(わたし は りんご を たべます。)
“I eat an apple.”
Let’s break down this sentence word per word:
- 私 (わたし) means “I” or “me.”
- は is a Japanese particle that marks the word before it (私) as the subject of the sentence.
- リンゴ (りんご) means “apple.”
- を is another particle. It marks the word before it (リンゴ) as the object.
- 食べます (たべます) is our verb which means “to eat.”
So if we look at our sentence again, 私はリンゴを食べます would literally translate as “I apple eat,” but the particles give you clues about the sentence structure.
Here’s another example:
(かれ は みず を のみます。)
“He drinks water.”
If we break this down:
- 彼 (かれ) — he
- 水 (みず) — water
- 飲みます (のみます) — to drink
Can you see how the sentence construction is similar?
Master this basic sentence structure in Japanese, and you can go on to learn more vocabulary, particles and verbs to make more complex sentences.
5. Watch Japanese YouTube Videos
Hands down, full immersion is the way to go. If you’re in it for the speed, there’s nothing better than throwing yourself into the proverbial deep end and trying to keep your head above the kana (hiragana and katakana).
Since you likely already watch videos during your free time, why not get into Japanese YouTube?
YouTube is popular in Japan, and there are plenty of makeup tutorials, video game playthroughs, comedy skits and more made by Japanese content creators with hugely popular channels. Some Japanese videos have gone viral in the west, too.
With so much variety out there, there’s sure to be something that will capture your interest:
- ThatJapaneseManYuta is a great resource for actual Japanese study. He has street interviews with Japanese people about a wide variety of topics, including reactions to kanji tattoos and stereotypes, and also offers his own Japanese learning tips while explaining Japanese culture.
- Sushi Ramen [Riku] is a YouTuber who does bizarre builds and experiments. Some of his hits include hanging from the ceiling until his grandma notices him and pouring superheated salt into a watermelon. Many of his videos have English subtitles, so anybody can enjoy them!
- Hajime Syacho is one of the biggest YouTubers in Japan, and for good reason. His humorous videos show him doing all kinds of things, from eating the world’s largest gummy worm, to pranks, making giant slimes and more. While most of his videos aren’t subtitled in English, they do have Japanese subtitles, allowing you to practice reading and listening at the same time.
By watching Japanese YouTubers, you’ll get a feel for how Japanese people speak to each other as well as get accustomed to Japanese speech patterns.
6. Try Shadowing
Shadowing is when you listen to audio of words and phrases in a language, and repeat what you hear out loud. This is the basis of classic programs like Pimsleur and Michel Thomas, and it can help you pick up accurate pronunciation more quickly.
You can also shadow using textbooks, if they come with audio. It’s one thing to read and process, but it’s another entirely to get comfortable using the grammar in conversation.
Here’s a method for shadowing with textbooks:
- Listen to the passage without looking at the script
- Listen to the passage while reading along silently
- Listen while reading aloud with the audio
- Finally, close your book and try to repeat the phrases just a beat after the recording. (This gives your brain a second to comprehend what it just heard and to prepare you to repeat the sounds)
Reading aloud will increase your comfort and reading speed. And with audio resources to back you up, you’ll also be working on your pronunciation skills.
7. Learn with Real People Online
There’s no need to feel down when you hit a hurdle in your studies: every learner of Japanese has been where you’ve been. That’s why it’s important to find a supportive learning community to help you along your journey.
Reddit has a huge Japanese learning community on r/LearnJapanese, which features learning resources, study tips and more. You’ll find everything from YouTube channels to flashcard decks, making it an infinite toolbox with every kind of tool you could ever hope for to help you learn Japanese fast.
HiNative allows you to ask native speakers specific questions about Japanese, as well as get feedback on your own sentences and writings—great for those doing self-study. So if you’re not sure whether to use は or が in that sentence, simply ask away, and a native Japanese speaker will gladly tell you. You can also return the favor by answering users’ questions about your native language, making it a true paradise for language exchange.
No matter how much grammar study and audio immersion you cram into your time, it’s hard to beat a real-life conversation. Once you’re feeling a bit braver with your Japanese, you should try getting a language exchange partner.
An online language exchange is a learning method where you speak Japanese with a real native speaker online, usually while also helping them practice English. You can find a language partner by using the resources mentioned above, as well as Tandem or HelloTalk.
8. Make the Most of Mnemonics
Let’s face it: Japanese is extremely different from English. But there’s a brilliant ray of light to make memorizing all those new symbols and words a snap: mnemonics!
A mnemonic is a tool to help people remember vast amounts of information. This ranges from rhymes to images to songs—anything can serve as a mnemonic device, as long as it helps you recall whatever you’ve been learning.
Plenty of mnemonic devices exist for helping newcomers learn Japanese hiragana, katakana and especially kanji, such as:
- The character ん looks like the letter n, so you know that ん makes the “n” sound.
- In kanji, 話 means “speak,” and is comprised of the radicals 言 (to say) and 舌 (tongue). Put them together, and you get “to say with the tongue”—AKA “speak!”
An even more effective way to commit Japanese to memory is to create your own mnemonics. Here are some suggestions to help you get started:
- Make stories to distinguish Japanese words that sound similar. Example: “The government stole money from my wallet” can help you remember the similar sounding words 政府 (せいふ)—government and 財布 (さいふ)—wallet.
- Create a song about grammar rules.
Example: The textbook series “Adventures in Japanese” has a song for helping memorize て forms, to the tune of “O Christmas Tree.”
- Use a spelling device to remember the order of Japanese vowels.
Example: “All invisible unicorns enjoy olives” can help you remember the Japanese vowel order, as the first letter in each word corresponds to a Japanese vowel (あいうえお).
Don’t be afraid to get creative. As long as whatever you use helps you correctly recall information, it works!
9. Think in Japanese
One of the fastest ways to train your brain to use Japanese is to think in Japanese.
This also allows you to practice using new words. That way, when you end up in a conversation in Japanese, you’ll be able to express your thoughts and find words much easier.
Here are some ways you can start thinking in Japanese.
- React in Japanese. Say you’re walking down the street, and you see a cute dog coming your way. Your first reaction is to think about how adorable it is. Instead of making that mental comment in your native language, make a conscious effort to go “あの犬はとても可愛いです.” (あのいぬはとてもかわいいです)—That dog is very cute.
- Describe your surroundings. On your commute to work or school, try reciting the Japanese names of things you see as you go by: car, bus, tree, store and so on. Don’t hesitate to go into more detail, either. How many cars are there? What color is that man’s shirt? What’s the weather like?
- Translate your conversations. After you’ve finished talking to someone, try to create a Japanese translation of your discussion. If you just placed an order with the barista, imagine that transaction taking place in Japanese.
The best part about thinking in Japanese is that you don’t have to worry about making mistakes in front of others. Your mental world is yours alone, and thinking in Japanese will enrich it tremendously. So there’s no need to be shy!
10. Keep up the Habit to Learn Faster
Here’s a cruel and honest fact: to learn faster, you have to work harder.
This means you have to find ways to replace your everyday habits (especially the things you do in your downtime) with Japanese learning habits.
We’re going to analyze your day and free up all that time that you think you don’t have:
- You do: Binge-watch HBO shows.
- You do: Zone out to music on your commute
You could: Focus like a boss with Japanese music/podcasts/textbook CDs in your ear, repeating and shadowing words and phrases if you’re in the car, and mouthing the words silently like a crazy person if you’re on the train or bus
- You do: Play games and browse social media on your phone
You could: Use these seconds to review vocab through a JLPT study app.
To really get going, you’ve also got to practice your skills and start talking to people as soon as possible. Have an energetic and hilarious conversation with your language buddy every day. Even if that conversation might be:
Mornin’! How are you?
I’m great! What is that?
This? It’s orange juice!
Even this pretty shallow conversation is a conversation. In Japanese. Did you understand it? Great! If not, pull out those textbooks and get going.
Roll all of these tips together and you’re going to find yourself heading for fluency at increasing speed, running with your momentum as you charge towards the rising sun (the Japanese flag)!