5 Japanese Translation Exercises to Push Your Skills Beyond Their Limit

Daft Punk has some excellent life and language learning advice in their popular song:

“Work it harder, make it better, do it faster, makes us stronger.”

In other words, practice makes perfect!

Luckily, we have just the tool to help you avoid getting stuck in a rut, or extract you from the pit if you’ve already fallen into it: translation exercises!


1. The Warm Up: Online Exercise

Before we hit it off with the meat of the post, we’ll be going for a warm up first.

The ManyThings site offers five simple translation exercises to get you started. Sentences, expressions, words and kanji sorted in different ways will get your mind muscles worked up before you continue onto other sections on our list and blast them away!

Another great warm up is translating the Japanese subtitles of a short TV clip or movie scene. Other than popular streaming services, some video language learning platforms also make use of dual-language subtitles, so you can easily check the English subtitles to see how you did.

On FluentU, for example, you can watch authentic Japanese videos like movie clips, music videos and news segments (more on those in the next point). These videos have subtitles in Japanese, furigana and English, all of which can be turned on with a click. Try watching a video with only Japanese subtitles, and translating as much as you can. Then, turn the English subtitles on and watch the video again. How does your translation compare to the official one on FluentU?

You can take these translations one sentence at a time, by using the convenient sentence-replay arrows. You can hone your other language skills by saving words to flashcard decks directly from the subtitles. When you’re ready for a review, you can use FluentU’s smart quiz system, which adapts to your learning speed to provide you with personalized questions. These give you a chance to see, hear, type and speak the words you saved for better recall.

Now that you have your blood pumping, it’s time to make your workout even more intense.

2. The Journalist: News Translation

Translating Japanese news comes with plenty of advantages and benefits:

You’ll gain worldly knowledge about things like politics, the economy and other aspects of society.

You’ll get more accustomed to a strict formal language since most newspapers are written in that fashion.

News translation exercises can also help you build your kanji knowledge and enhance your ability to comprehend complex sentence structures.

Plenty of specialized vocabulary

You’ll also be adding lots of new specialized vocabulary to your arsenal.

Specialized vocabulary deals with specific aspects of the world, like politics, economics, business, medicine and so on. You can find pretty much any of those in news articles, depending on what you’re searching for.

Of course, it won’t be on the same difficulty level as a textbook in that area would be, but it’ll be enough to get you started.

Japanese news sources

Unless you actually live in Japan, your mailman isn’t likely to bring Japanese newspapers to your doorstep every morning.

Luckily, there are plenty of online newspapers out there for us to choose from. We suggest websites like YomiuriAsahi or Mainichi.

If none of those hit the mark, you can just type in “online newspapers in Japanese” on Google and choose what you like the most.

You might also want to check out this NHK Easy Japanese news app (also available for iOS). I also like this Asahi digital app so make sure to check that out as well because it may help you with this exercise.

3. The Poet: Poem Translation

I love poems. They’re all about mundane things representing deep thoughts and nothing being what it seems to be at first glance.

Poetry is an emotional roller-coaster and a linguistic neck-breaker. Perfect combination!

Wonderfully memorable

You’re very likely to remember the entire poem while translating.

This is a nice bonus, since not a lot of people know poems by heart these days and being able to recite a poem from memory is a mark of intelligence and wisdom.

This should also improve your flirting game by thousand points so watch out, ladies and gentlemen!

Making sense of the vague

The linguistic benefits of this translation exercise include vocabulary enrichment, kanji knowledge and, most of all, vague sentences comprehension.

Plenty of poems contain somewhat vague sentences that are hard to understand at first, but after getting yourself accustomed to that peculiar style of expressing thoughts, you’ll find it much easier to comprehend the meaning.

Some tips for translating poetry

When translating poetry, it’s a good idea to focus on the poem’s emotion and tone.

If the tone is heavy, use heavy words when translating. If it’s cheerful, choose cheerful words.

For poetry is but an emotion in letters and that emotion must be translated properly.

Resources for Japanese poetry

We’ve found some simple poems to get you started over at Matome Naver.

Once you’ve finished up with those few, you can move on to the larger collection of Japanese poems on Nakahara. This should be enough to keep you occupied for about a few centuries so don’t forget to stay hydrated!

4. The Memoirs: Diary Translation

This translation exercise is by far the most interesting one on our list: writing out your diary in Japanese.

Express yourself

Diaries are great. They offer you a chance to vent and release all of your pent-up emotions, stress or difficulties onto a piece of paper. It’s so much better for all that to be put on a paper than to build up inside you.

Moreover, you’ll improve your ability to express your thoughts more precisely, without simplifying them. Your handwriting will also improve, as well as your kanji knowledge.

Write out everything that’s on your mind: Construct a simple sentence then enrich it with adjectives and adverbs. Try to use as much kanji as you can to help engrave them into your memory.

Personalize it

In order to make it more like fun and less like work, try to add your own touch to it.

For example, I like to start my entries in a subtle fashion: “Captain’s log, stardate 2833.”

5. The Loyal Friend: Pet Talk

If you have a dog, this exercise is perfect for you! But it’ll also work if you have any other kind of pet.

Talk to your pet a lot, but in Japanese. That way, this scene could become a reality!

Sit, stay, speak!

Jokes aside, this exercise has plenty of benefits.

Speaking in Japanese will feel more natural to you. Your ability to translate simultaneously will also improve. Pronunciation of Japanese words should also get better over time—just make sure you’re actively practicing getting those sounds right.

But what if you don’t have a pet?

Well, in that case, you’ll have to use some extreme measures: You’ll have to wing it.

Talk to yourself. Or talk to your favorite object, your ball, your sword or your toys. Just like a crazy person! A true bilingual crazy person! Sweet!

Fill in the silences

Here’s a valuable tip for you: If you can’t remember a word or if you don’t exactly know what you want to say next, never keep quiet.

In some languages, stuttering or mumbling is disliked. But Japanese has special words which are used in those cases. Instead of staying silent, use えっと or あの while thinking up your next word. Stretch them out until you come up with your next word.

And don’t forget to write down and look up the words you couldn’t think of: you’ll end up with a nice list of vocabulary words that you will actually use in conversation.

A Few Japanese Translation Tips

The idea of translating Japanese text can be daunting.

Have no fear! We have some hints and tips on how to translate without a hitch:

  • Split it up. Divide whatever you’re translating into sections: paragraphs, sentences, even individual words if you need to.
  • Get the dictionary ready. You can use an online dictionary or a physical one, whichever you prefer.
  • Start with the kanji. If the text you’re translating has no furigana, look up any unfamiliar kanji before you start.
  • Grasp the main idea. Read each sentence for meaning and try to translate it into the shortest possible form: subject, predicate and object.
  • Add the details. Once you’ve isolated the sentence core, you’re left with nothing but adjectives and adverbs to translate.
  • Put it all together! 

You should now have a good working translation of your Japanese text!

Now all you need is something to translate.


You can’t expect to upgrade your skills without working on them. Nothing comes free in life, especially not knowledge. But if you work hard and remain diligent, you’ll achieve great results.

We hope you’ll have fun while trying out our translation exercises. Even more importantly, we hope you expand your Japanese knowledge. So don’t worry and start flexing those brain muscles!

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