spanish days of the week

Mnemonics for Memorizing Spanish Days of the Week

Want to learn the seven Spanish days of the week, but keep mixing them up? Not to worry—memorizing the días de la semana is much easier than it sounds.

In this post, we’ll walk you through the days of the week in Spanish, how to memorize them and all of the other information you need to know to master them.

Contents

What Are the Spanish Days of the Week?

The Spanish days of the week are:

SpanishEnglish
lunes Monday
martes Tuesday
miércoles Wednesday
jueves Thursday
viernes Friday
sábado Saturday
domingo Sunday

And here’s an infographic summarizing the pronunciation of each day of the week in Spanish:

spanish days of the week infographic

How to Memorize the Spanish Days of the Week

Luckily, there’s a cute song on YouTube to help you remember the days of the week in Spanish. It’s aimed at children, but adult learners who like mnemonics and fun jingles can benefit from it, as well:

And here are the lyrics as they pertain to the Spanish days of the week:

Lunes

Lunes, lunes, lunes, la luna veo el lunes.

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Monday, Monday, Monday, I see the moon on Monday.

Remember how lunes was derived from luna (moon)? That’s a good way to remember the Spanish name for Monday.

Monday is “moon-day,” so you can immediately associate it with the Spanish word for the moon!

Martes

Martes, martes, martes, me baño en el mar.

Tuesday, Tuesday, Tuesday, I bathe in the sea.

So what do you do if your Monday nearly drives you to lunes-y (see what I did there?) Why, you run to the nearest beach and dive into the sea ( mar ), of course! And you do it on a Tuesday or martes.

Just remember to bring all of your beach essentials!

Miércoles

El miércoles cuento estrellas con mi hermano.

Wednesday I count stars with my brother.

This time, you’re having a mid-week slump. Luckily, your brother ( mi hermano ) is there to give you the first syllable miér-.

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And how do you remember -coles? Well, you count stars ( cuento estrellas ), which should tide you over the mid-week slump in the meantime.

Jueves

Jueves, jueves, jueves, yo juego con amigos.

Thursday, Thursday, Thursday, I play with friends.

The weekend is almost-but-not-quite-there! Since your hermano is no longer there to help you count stars, you now turn to your friends ( amigos ).

And what do you do with friends? You go play ( juego ) with them, which gives you jueves. By the way, juego is the present tense form of the infinitive jugar (to play).

Viernes

Viernes, viernes, viernes, viene el tío Juan.

Friday, Friday, Friday, Uncle Juan comes.

TGIF! Now that it’s almost the weekend, relatives have decided to come dropping by your house.

You can substitute  tío Juan (Uncle Juan) with anyJuan (pun definitely intended). The important part here is the verb viene (come), the present tense form of the infinitive  venir (to come). Once viernes rolls around, your relatives (or anyJuan else, really), will come to your house.

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Sábado

El sábado salgo con toda mi familia,

Saturday I go out with my whole family,

What do you usually associate with Saturdays? Rest, or as they’d say in Hebrew, sabat (sabbath). Your rest day might involve going out ( salgo ) with your family—or any other fun activity, really.

Domingo

y llega el domingo para descansar.

and Sunday comes for resting.

Of course, Sunday is also a day for resting. For Christians (which is most of the Spanish-speaking world), Sunday is also a day to spend time with the Lord—or, in Latin, dominus.

Think of how we sometimes append the abbreviation “A.D.” to the end of years. A.D. is short for anno domini or “in the year of the Lord.” Remember that Spanish is a Romance language, so it derives a lot of words from Latin, the lingua franca of the ancient Roman Empire (from which the term “Romance” comes from).

Here are a few more tips for memorizing the Spanish days of the week:

  • Write the full date every day. Writing the full date daily will help you remember the words and their correct order.
  • Make up an acronym. Use the first letter of each day and create your own acronym to help you remember them—for example, Little Mice Make Jolly Vikings Slam Doors. Yes, it’s silly, but that’s what makes it so memorable!
  • Switch your phone to Spanish. Changing your settings to make your phone speak to you in Spanish can be a great way to practice your language skills throughout the day passively.

Origins and Abbreviations of the Spanish Days of the Week

Most of the Spanish days of the week were named according to their original Greek or Roman names, which in turn originated from spiritual figures.

You’ll see some Latin and Hebrew linguistic elements, too!

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EnglishSpanishAbbreviationsOrigin
Monday lunes L, LU or lun.Luna (the moon)
Tuesday martes M, MA or mar.Marte (Roman god of war)
Wednesday miércoles X, MI or miérc.Mercurio (Roman god of commerce)
Thursday jueves J, JU or juev.Júpiter (Roman god of the sky)
Friday viernes V, VI or vier.Venus (Roman goddess of love)
Saturday sábado S, SA or sáb.Sabat (Hebrew word for "rest," as in "sabbath")
Sunday domingo D, DO or dom.Dominus (Latin word for "Lord")

Here’s a YouTube video further discussing the Spanish days of the week, including their origins:

Simple Rules for Using the Spanish Days of the Week

The days of the week are not capitalized (with one exception)

Unlike English, Spanish does not capitalize the days of the week—unless they’re used at the start of a sentence.

SpanishEnglish
El viernes pasado fuimos al cine. Last Friday we went to the movies.
Lunes y martes son días ajetreados en la oficina. Mondays and Tuesdays are busy days at the office.

All days of the week use masculine articles

In Spanish, all nouns have a gender, including the days of the week. Luckily, all of these days are masculine, meaning that when you refer to them, you use the masculine articles el (singular definite article), los (plural definite article), un (singular indefinite article) or algunos (some).

SpanishEnglish
El jueves es el día de mercado en mi pueblo. Thursday is market day in my town.
Los viernes suelo salir a cenar con amigos. On Fridays, I usually go out to dinner with friends.
Un sábado soleado es perfecto para ir a la playa. A sunny Saturday is perfect for going to the beach.
Algunos domingos prefiero quedarme en casa y relajarme. Some Sundays, I prefer to stay home and relax.

“On [day]” doesn’t translate directly into Spanish

In English, we use the preposition “on” to talk about something happening on a specific day. But in Spanish, you don’t need to insert the word en or any other preposition, for that matter!

When talking about days of the week, use the articles el and los to mean “on.” Use el when talking about a single occurrence and the plural los when talking about something that happens habitually.

SpanishEnglish
Viene a Madrid el lunes. She's coming to Madrid on Monday.
Trabaja todos los sábados. He works every Saturday.

Only sábado and domingo change in plural form

Sometimes, you need to talk about days of the week in the plural, like in the previous example ( todos los sábados ).

When making days of the week plural, only add an –s if the word doesn’t already end in –s. In other words, only add -s to sábado and domingo. Otherwise, the word stays the same in the plural form. So, the plural forms of the days are:

SpanishEnglish
Los lunes Mondays
Los martes Tuesdays
Los miércoles Wednesdays
Los jueves Thursdays
Los viernes Fridays
Los sábados Saturdays
Los domingos Sundays

Use ser with days of the week 

When talking about which day of the week it is, always use ser instead of estar. Take a look at some examples:

SpanishEnglish
Hoy es martes. Today is Tuesday.
El juego es el miércoles. The game is on Wednesday.
Mi cumpleaños es el próximo viernes. My birthday is next Friday.

Now that you know the basics, here are some useful words and phrases you may want to use when discussing the week’s days.

SpanishEnglishExample
Hoy es... Today is... Hoy es lunes.
(Today is Monday.)
Mañana es... Tomorrow is... Mañana es martes.
(Tomorrow is Tuesday.)
Ayer fue... Yesterday was... Ayer fue domingo.
(Yesterday was Sunday.)
El día The day ¿Qué día es hoy?
(What day is today?)
La fecha The date ¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy?
(What is the date today?)
El próximo Next ¡El próximo lunes es mi cumpleaños!
(Next Monday is my birthday!)
Que viene The upcoming... Vamos a Barcelona el viernes que viene.
(We're going to Barcelona this upcoming Friday.)
Siguiente The following... No empieza el curso el próximo lunes, sino el lunes siguiente.
(The class doesn't begin next Monday, but rather, the following Monday.)
Pasado Last El sábado pasado, fuimos a la playa.
(Last Saturday, we went to the beach.)
Anterior Previous No la vi el viernes pasado, sino el viernes anterior.
(I didn't see her last Friday, but rather, the previous Friday.)
Antier  /
Anteayer 
The day before yesterday Hoy es jueves, antier fue martes.
(Today is Thursday, the day before yesterday was Tuesday.)
Pasado mañana The day after tomorrow Viene mañana y pasado mañana se va.
(He's coming tomorrow, and the day after tomorrow he leaves.)
La semana The week La semana tiene siete días.
(There are seven days in a week.)
El fin de semana The weekend Este fin de semana voy a ver a mis amigas.
(This weekend, I'm going to see my friends.)
Entre semana Midweek Viajo los fines de semana, pero me quedo en casa entre semana.
(I travel on the weekends, but I stay at home during the week.)
Cada... /
Todos los...
Every Cada jueves tengo clase de matemáticas. /
Tengo clase de matemáticas todos los jueves.
(I have math class every Thursday.)
El primer... del mes The first __ of the month Hay una fiesta el primer sábado de junio.
(There is a party on the first Saturday of June.)
De... a... From __ to __ Trabajo de lunes a viernes.
(I work from Monday to Friday.)
Desde... hasta... From __ to __ Estaré en Santo Domingo desde el lunes hasta el sábado.
(I'll be in Santo Domingo from Monday until Saturday.)

 

Congratulations! You now have all the tools you need to talk about the Spanish days of the week.

You’ll be well on your way to having fluent Spanish conversations about the dreaded lunes or the anticipated sábado in no time.

Spanish Days of the Week Quiz

Okay, let’s see how much you’ve learned today with a quick quiz!

0%
Which choice represents the correct plural form of the Spanish word for "Thursday"?
paper-cutout-of-the-word-thursday-against-gray-background
Correct! Wrong!

How do you pluralize "Sunday" in Spanish?
Correct! Wrong!

Which of the following is the correct translation of "Sunday" in Spanish?
Correct! Wrong!

Which sentence makes use of the Spanish word for "Saturday"?
Correct! Wrong!

Which sentence demonstrates the correct grammatical use of the Spanish word for "Wednesday"?
Correct! Wrong!

Which Spanish word or phrase means "The weekend"?
close-up-photo-of-weekly-planner
Correct! Wrong!

Which day comes after "Jueves"?
close-up-shot-of calendar
Correct! Wrong!

In Spanish, "Martes" means:
close-up-of-planner-with-calligraphy-of-words-today-is-the-perfect-day-to-be-happy
Correct! Wrong!

Which "to be" verb do you use with the Spanish days of the week?
Correct! Wrong!

Identify the sentence with the correct article for the Spanish word for "Monday."
close-up-of-red-postbox-with-the-word-mon-on-it
Correct! Wrong!

Spanish Days of the Week Quiz
Oof... Better Luck Next Time

yellow-cross-sign-on-wooden-floor

Looks like you need a little more practice. Try to carefully study the article this time around, and try again!
You're Getting There!

Not bad, but you could do better. Refresh the quiz and try again (after you've reviewed the post, of course).
Great Job!

hands-holding-gold-trophy

You're officially a whiz at the Spanish days of the week! Remember to keep using your newly learned words in real life so you don't forget them :)

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