The Complete Guide to the Spanish Days of the Week [Vocabulary, Grammar and Tips]
Know what seven of the most useful Spanish words you can learn are? The days of the week!
Learning how to say the days of the week in Spanish is an important step towards having a functional vocabulary in the language!
Let’s get started!
- Spanish Days of the Week
- How to Use the Days of the Week
- Useful Days of the Week Vocabulary
- Learning Tips
Spanish Days of the Week
Now that you know what the days of the week are, have you ever wondered why they have the names they have?
Well, most days of the week were named according to its original Greek/Roman name that originated from spiritual figures. You will see some Latin and Hebrew linguistic elements too:
- lunes: luna (the moon)
- martes: Marte (Roman god of war)
- miércoles: Mercurio (Roman god of commerce)
- jueves: Júpiter (Roman god of the sky)
- viernes: Venus (Roman goddess of love)
- sábado: sabat (Hebrew word for “rest”)
- domingo: Dominus (Latin word for “Lord”)
How to Use the Days of the Week
Days of the week are not capitalized in Spanish
The only exception to this would be, of course, if they appear as the first word of a sentence.
All days of the week are masculine
Not up to speed on Spanish gender? Here’s your refresher.
This means that when you’re referring to a day, you must use the masculine articles el, los, un and algunos.
“On Monday” doesn’t translate directly into Spanish
In English, we use the preposition “on” to talk about something happening on a specific day. Resist the urge to translate directly—in Spanish, you don’t need to insert the word en, or any other preposition, for that matter!
When talking about days of the week, use the pronouns el and los to mean “on.”
Use el when talking about one single occurrence, and the plural los when talking about something that happens habitually.
Viene a Madrid el lunes.
(She’s coming to Madrid on Monday.)
Trabaja todos los sábados.
(He works every Saturday.)
You only add s to make a day of the week plural if it doesn’t already end in s
Sometimes, you need to talk about days of the week in the plural, like in the previous example (todos los sábados).
When making days of the week plural, only add an s if the word doesn’t already end in s. Otherwise, the word stays the same in the plural form.
So, the plural forms of the days are:
- los lunes
- los martes
- los miércoles
- los jueves
- los viernes
- los sábados
- los domingos
Useful Days of the Week Vocabulary
Now that you know the basics, here are some useful words and phrases you may want to use when talking about the days of the week.
|Today is...||Hoy es...||Hoy es lunes.
(Hoy es lunes.)
|Tomorrow is...||Mañana es...||Mañana es martes.
(Tomorrow is Tuesday.)
|Yesterday was...||Ayer fue...||Ayer fue domingo.
(Yesterday was Sunday.)
|The day||El día||¿Qué día es hoy?
(What day is today?)
|The date||La fecha||¿Cuál es la fecha de hoy?
(What is the date today?)
|Next||El próximo||¡El próximo lunes es mi cumpleaños!
(Next Monday is my birthday!)
|The upcoming...||Que viene...||Vamos a Barcelona el viernes que viene.
(We're going to Barcelona this upcoming Friday.)
|The folllowing...||Siguiente...||No empieza el curso el próximo lunes, sino el lunes siguiente.
(The class doesn't begin next Monday, but rather, the following Monday.)
|Last||Pasado||El sábado pasado, fuimos a la playa.
(Last Saturday, we went to the beach.)
|Previous||Anterior||No la vi el viernes pasado, sino el viernes anterior.
(I didn't see her last Friday, but rather, the previous Friday.)
|The day before yesterday||Anteayer||Hoy es jueves, anteayer fue martes.
(Today is Thursday, the day before yesterday was Tuesday.)
|The day after tomorrow||Pasado mañana||Viene mañana, y pasado mañana se va.
(He's coming tomorrow, and the day after tomorrow he leaves.)
|The week||La semana||Hay siete días en la semana.
(There are seven days in a week.)
|The weekend||El fin de semana||Este fin de semana voy a ver a mis amigas.
(This weekend, I'm going to see my friends.)
|Midweek||Entresemana||Viajo los fines de semana, pero me quedo en casa entre semana.
(I travel on the weekends, but I stay at home during the week.)
|Every||Cada/Todos los...||Cada jueves tengo clase de matemáticas./Tengo clase de matemáticas todos los jueves.
(I have math class every Thursday.)
|The first __ of the month||El primer __ del mes||Hay una fiesta el primer sábado de junio.
(There is a party on the first Saturday of June.)
|From __ to __||De __ a __||Trabajo de lunes a viernes.
(I work from Monday to Friday.)
|From __ to __||Desde __ hasta __||Estaré en Santo Domingo desde el lunes hasta el sábado.
(I'll be in Santo Domingo from Monday until Saturday.)
- Write the full date every day. Putting the date down in writing every day will help you remember the words and their correct order.
- Learn with a song. YouTube is chock-full of “days of the week” songs in Spanish. Here’s one, and here’s another.
- Make up an acronym. Use the first letter of each day and create your own acronym to help you remember them. For example, Little Mice Make Jolly Vikings Slam Doors. Yes it’s nonsensical, but that’s exactly what makes it so memorable.
- Switch your phone to Spanish. Changing your settings to make your phone speak to you in Spanish can be a great way to passively practice your language skills throughout the day.
- Use authentic media to learn. One of the best ways to learn Spanish is through immersion—that is, by exposing yourself to as much authentic Spanish as you can. FluentU is a great option for this as they provide hundreds of authentic clips with subtitles, flashcards and more!
You now have all the tools you need to talk about days of the week in Spanish.
You’ll be well on your way to having Spanish conversations in no time.