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How to Form the Future Tense in Spanish: A Straightforward Guide [With Examples]

So you can talk about the present in Spanish, you’ve finally got your head around the past tenses too, so now there’s only one way forward—and it may cause flashbacks from high school Spanish.

The simple future tense in Spanish is formed by taking the infinitive form of the verb and adding one of the following endings to it: -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -éis and -án (which ending you use depends on the subject.) However, that’s not the only way you can express the future!

In this post, you’ll learn everything you need to know about the future tense in Spanish—conjugations, when to use it, irregular verbs and more. Plus, you’ll find different ways to express the future in addition to the above method.

Let’s get started!


How to Form The Future Tense in Spanish: A Quick Overview

Here is your quick guide to the key ways of expressing the future tense in Spanish:

Type of future tenseHow to formUsageExample sentence
Simple futureverb in future formTo make predictions about the future, assumptions about the present or to give commands. El próximo año terminaré mis estudios.
Next year, I will finish my studies.
Near futureir + a + verb in infinitive formTo express actions that are going to be completed in the near future. Voy a terminar mis deberes antes de la cena.
I'm going to finish my homework before dinner.
Present tenseverb in present formTo express future actions with present tense verbs, typically in contexts like schedules or timetables. El tren sale a las 7 de la mañana.
The train leaves at 7 in the morning.
Future perfecthaber in future form + past participleTo express actions that will have been completed before a certain point in the future. Para mañana ya habré terminado el libro.
By tomorrow I will have finished the book.

If you want to take a look out how these different forms work in a little more detail, just keep reading!

How to Use the Simple Future Tense in Spanish

The future tense in Spanish is much like “will” in English. We use it to make predictions about the future, assumptions or guesses about the present and give commands.

For example:

Lloverá mañana. (It will rain tomorrow.)

Estará en la cama. (He’ll be in bed.)

¡Callarás! (You will/shall be quiet!)

Most importantly, we also use it to talk about the distant future. So if you want to talk about next year’s vacation, you would say:

El año que viene iremos a Nueva York (Next year we’re going to New York)

Simple Future Tense Conjugation

When we talk about “the future form” in Spanish, we refer to the future simple tense.

To form the future tense in Spanish, we need to take the infinitive form of the verb and add these endings to it: -é, -ás, -á, -emos, -éis and -án. Each ending corresponds to a different subject, and are the same whether you’re using an –ar, –er, or –ir verb.

Note that there is an accent on the first letter of every ending, except the “we” form –emos.

SubjectEndingsExample Using Hablar
Yo Hablaré
-ás Hablarás
Él/Ella/Usted Hablará
Nosotros-emos Hablaremos
Vosotros-éis Hablaréis
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes-án Hablarán

Irregular Verbs in Future Tense

Some verbs are irregular and don’t follow exactly the same pattern as above: though they use the same endings as the regular verbs, the stems will change.

Here are some common irregular verbs that are worth learning:

Infinitive VerbIrregular Future Form
Tener Tendré
Poner Pondré
Decir Diré
Querer Querré
Hacer Haré
Venir Vendré
Saber Sabré

Other Uses of the Future Tense

“If” statements. The simple future tense is commonly used in “if” statements. For example:

Si tengo dinero suficiente, iré de compras contigo. — If I have enough money, I will go shopping with you.

Si tú te vas, el dolor me comerá. — If you leave, the pain will consume (lit. eat) me. (This is a line from an Enrique Iglesias song!)

Talking about the past and present. Believe it or not, you can sometimes use the future tense to talk about the past and present! More specifically, it’s used to express possibility and probability about an action that’s occurring right now. For example:

¿Adónde habrá ido Mary?  — Where could Mary have gone/Where has Mary gone?

Ella estará estudiando ahora.  — She is probably studying right now/She will be studying right now.

Reported speech. You’ll frequently hear the Spanish future tense in reported speech—like news clips, news articles, newspapers and more. For example:

Serán las cinco y media cuando llegue el presidente. — It will be 5:30 when the president arrives.

Habrán sido 100 años desde la muerte del guerrero. — It will have been 100 years since the death of the warrior.

Other Ways to Form the Spanish Future Tense

Ir A + Infinitive Future Form

Just like in English, we use the phrase “going to” when talking about things we have already planned that are typically in the near future.

Vamos a ir de compras. (We’re going shopping.)

Voy a viajar a Guatemala. (I’m going to travel to Guatemala.)

So how do we make the Spanish equivalent of “going to?”

It takes a simple formula:

Ir + infinitive

Here’s an example of the formula in action, using hablar (to talk) as an example:

SubjectIr ConjugationsIr + A + Infinitive
YoVoy Voy a hablar
Vas Vas a hablar
Él/Ella/UstedVa Va a hablar
NosotrosVamos Vamos a hablar
VosotrosVais Vais a hablar
Ellos/Ellas/UstedesVan Van a hablar

As long as you use the ir a, you can use this with the infinitive of any verb.

Using Present Tense

You may not realize it, but we use the present to talk about the future all the time in English. Think about what you would say if I asked what time you were leaving the house tomorrow.

You would likely say “I’m leaving at eight” instead of “I’m going to leave at eight” or “I will leave at eight.”

It’s similar in Spanish, though they tend to use the simple present tense instead of the present continuous tense that we usually use in English. 

Salgo a las ocho. (I’m leaving at eight.)

Use the present tense to talk about the future in Spanish anytime you would in English, usually when someone asks you in the present about something you’re planning to do. 

Future Perfect

This is used when you want to talk about something that hasn’t happened yet but will.

For this, you need to use the future indicative form of haber plus the past participle.

You can create the past participle of a verb by dropping the –ar, -er or -ir ending and adding -ado for ar verbs or -ido for er and ir verbs.

Here is what that would look like using hablar as an example:

SubjectFuture Perfect
Yo Habré hablado
Habrás hablado
Él/Ella/Usted Habrá hablado
Nosotros Habremos hablado
Vosotros Habréis hablado
Ellos/Ellas/Ustedes Habrán hablado

Here are some examples of the future perfect in use:

Habremos terminado antes de que llegue. (We will have finished before he arrives.)

Habré ido a la universidad. (I will have gone to college.)

Useful Spanish Future Vocabulary

Here are some words you should know if you want to talk about future plans:

Mañana Tomorrow
Pasado mañana The day after tomorrow
La semana que viene Next week
El fin de semana que viene Next weekend
El mes que viene Next month
El año que viene Next year
Nunca Never
Un día One day

How to Practice the Spanish Future Tense

There are plenty of resources out there to help you practice Spanish grammar, including the future tenses. There are exercises on the web as well as Spanish grammar apps to help you learn and review. 

But the best way to drill these into your mind is to see how native speakers use them: Maybe you can find a Spanish-language TV series about time travel, or just find a copy of The Time Machine in Spanish. Whatever you do, watch out for how these verbs are conjugated!

You could also use an online immersion program. FluentU, for example, teaches Spanish through short videos about many different topics (covering the past, present, and yes, future).

FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.

You can try FluentU for free for 2 weeks. Check out the website or download the iOS app or Android app.

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The more resources you use, the more grammar you’ll be exposed to. The future tense comes up in tons of conversations and hearing it used in context will help you remember it better.


There you have it—the full rundown of the future tense in Spanish, from conjugations to irregularities.

We hope that la próxima vez (the next time) you want to talk about the futuro (future), you’ll have no problems at all.

¡Hasta la próxima! (See you next time!)

And One More Thing…

If you've made it this far that means you probably enjoy learning Spanish with engaging material and will then love FluentU.

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