85 Nationalities in Spanish

If you’re planning to travel in the Spanish-speaking world or just meet new Spanish speakers, it helps to know some nationalities. 

In this post, you’ll learn 85 nationalities in Spanish and how to use them.

We’ll show you three important rules so that you can use these words correctly in writing and conversation. 

After reviewing this post, you’ll be ready to talk about people from all over the world in Spanish! 


Nationalities in Spanish

Where applicable, we’ve provided both the masculine and feminine forms of the word. As you’ll see, some nationalities only have one form for both masculine and feminine nouns (more on this later). 

African africano / africana
Albanian albanés / albanesa
American (from the United States) estadounidense
Argentinean argentino / argentina
Armenian armenio / armenia
Australian Australiano / Australiana
Austrian austríaco / austríaca
Belgian belga
Belizean beliceño / beliceña
Bolivian boliviano / boliviana
Brazilian brasileño / brasileña
Bulgarian búlgaro / búlgara
Canadian canadiense
Chilean chileno / chilena
Chinese chino / china
Colombian colombiano / colombiana
Costa Rican costarricense
Croatian croata
Cuban cubano / cubana
Czech checo / checa
Danish danés / danesa
Dominican dominicano / dominicana
Dutch neerlandés / neerlandesa
Ecuadorian ecuatoriano / ecuatoriana
Egyptian egipcio / egipcia
English inglés / inglesa
Estonian estonio / estonia
Ethiopian etíope
Finnish finlandés / finlandesa
French francés / francesa
German alemán / alemana
Greek griego / griega
Greenlandic groenlandés / groenlandesa
Guatemalan guatemalteco / guatemalteca
Haitian haitiano / haitiana
Honduran hondureño / hondureña
Hungarian húngaro / húngara
Icelandic islandés / islandesa
Indian indio / india
Indonesian indonesio / indonesia
Iraqi iraquí
Irish irlandés / irlandesa
Israeli israelí
Italian italiano / italiana
Japanese japonés / japonesa
Kenyan keniano / keniana
Korean coreano / coreana
Latvian letón / letona
Lithuanian lituano / lituana
Luxembourgish luxemburgués / luxemburguesa
Malaysian malasio / malasia
Maltese maltés / maltesa
Mexican mexicano / mexicana
Moroccan marroquí
New Zealander neozelandés / neozelandesa
Nicaraguan nicaragüense
Nigerian nigeriano / nigeriana
North American norteamericano / norteamericana
Norwegian noruego / noruega
Pakistani pakistaní
Panamanian panameño / panameña
Paraguayan paraguayo / paraguaya
Peruvian peruano / peruana
Philippine filipino / filipina
Polish polaco / polaca
Portuguese portugués / portuguesa
Romanian rumano / rumana
Russian ruso / rusa
Salvadoran salvadoreño / salvadoreña
Scottish escocés / escocesa
Singaporean singapurense
Slovak eslovaco / eslovaca
Slovenian esloveno / eslovena
South African sudafricano / sudafricana
Spanish/Spaniard español / española
Swiss suizo / suiza
Taiwanese taiwanés / taiwanesa
Thai tailandés / tailandesa
Turkish turco / turca
Ukrainian ucraniano / ucraniana
Uruguayan uruguayo / uruguaya
Venezuelan venezolano / venezolana
Vietnamese vietnamita
Welsh galés / galesa
Zimbabwean zimbabuense

To talk about someone who has multiple nationalities, you can just say them both as you would in English. For example:

Mi madre es francesa-japonesa. (My mother is French-Japanese.)

If the person is approximately 50% of each nationality, you can say, for example:

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Soy mitad colombiano y mitad chileno. (I’m half Colombian and half Chilean.)

How to Use Nationalities in Spanish

Let’s take a look at a few rules you need to keep in mind when discussing nationalities in Spanish.

Nationalities can be nouns or adjectives.

Like in English, nationalities in Spanish can be used as a noun or an adjective. Here are a couple of examples as an adjective: 

Mi abuelo es mexicano. (My grandfather is Mexican.)
Soy estadounidense. (I’m American.)

And as a noun: 

Muchos mexicanos viven en Texas. (A lot of Mexicans live in Texas.)
Hay un estadounidense en mi clase. (There’s an American in my class.)

When referring to a general group of people of the same nationality, you use the masculine plural form, unless it’s specifically a group of females. 

Nationalities must match gender and number.

When used as adjectives, nationalities follow the same rules as other Spanish adjectives—they have to match the gender of the noun they describe and use the plural form (usually adding -s or -es) when talking about more than one person, place or thing. 

For example:

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• Singular, masculine: un científico noruego  (a Norwegian scientist)
Singular, feminine: la comida china  (Chinese food)
Plural, masculine: los carros alemanes  (German cars)
Plural, feminine: las mujeres brasileñas  (Brazilian women)

Some nationalities are gender-neutral. They typically end in an -e (i.e., estadounidense, etíope), -i (i.e., iraquí, israelí), or -a (i.e., belga, croata). These stay the same for masculine and feminine nouns. For example: 

El chico es costarricense. (The boy is Costa Rican.)
La chica es costarricense. (The girl is Costa Rican.)

Nationalities in Spanish aren’t capitalized.

Unlike in English, we don’t capitalize the first letter of nationalities in Spanish. We do, however, always capitalize the name of a country.

For example:

Soy de Canadá. Soy canadiense. (I’m from Canada. I’m Canadian.)
El chico es de Italia. Es italiano. (The boy is from Italy. He’s Italian.)

Check out this article for more Spanish capitalization rules. 

Phrases for Talking About Nationalities in Spanish

When talking about nationalities, knowing some relevant words and phrases will come in handy. Be sure to master these to make your conversations flow much smoother!

¿De dónde eres? — Where are you from? (informal)
¿De dónde es? — Where are you from? (formal)

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¿De qué país eres? — Which country are you from? (informal)
¿De qué país es? — Which country are you from? (formal)

¿Cuál es tu nacionalidad? — What’s your nationality? (informal)
¿Cuál es su nacionalidad? — What’s your nationality? (formal)

Ser de… — To be from…

Soy de… — I’m from…
Somos de… — We’re from…
Es de… — He’s/She’s from…
Son de… — They’re from…

Here’s an example dialogue to show you how nationalities are used in Spanish in the context of a casual conversation:

Marcos: Hola, ¿qué tal?  (Hey, how are you?)

Emma: Todo bien, ¿y tú? (All good, and you?)

Nico: Excelente. Hablas bien el español. ¿De dónde eres? (Excellent. You speak Spanish well. Where are you from?)

Emma: Soy de Alemania. (I’m from Germany.)

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Nico: ¡Ah, los alemanes son buenos para los idiomas! (Ah, Germans are good with languages!)

Emma: ¿Y tú? ¿De dónde eres? (And you? Where are you from?)

Nico: Soy de Ecuador. (I’m from Ecuador.)

Emma: En serio? Mi mejor amiga es ecuatoriana. (Really? My best friend is Ecuadorian.)

Nico: ¡Los ecuatorianos somos los mejores! (Ecuadorians are the best!)

How to Memorize Nationalities in Spanish

If you want to master talking about different nationalities in Spanish, the best way to do so is by immersing yourself in the language so you can hear them discussed by native speakers in authentic environments.

One way to do this is by looking for movies and TV shows from or about the nationality you’re interested in. You can also search YouTube for Spanish-language street vlogging videos in a location you’re interested in.

Here’s a great video to check out from Easy Spanish, which is a street vlog that’s meant for learners but still uses natural speech:

Another option is FluentU, which combines high-quality authentic videos with learning tools.

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Bookmark this one-stop guide to talking about nationalities in Spanish and come back to it whenever you need a review. 

You’ll soon be talking about people and things from all over the world with confidence and ease!

And One More Thing…

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Review a complete interactive transcript under the Dialogue tab, and find words and phrases listed under Vocab.


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