spanish adjectives

50 Most Common Spanish Adjectives for Beginners [With PDF Download]

Knowing adjectives in Spanish makes expressing yourself infinitely easier.

And since native speakers use them everyday, it’ll make Spanish easier to understand, too.

So in this post, you’ll learn 50 common Spanish descriptive adjectives and how to use them correctly in sentences.



Essential Spanish Adjectives You Should Know

For this post, all adjectives will be written in masculine singular. When you want to change the adjectives to the feminine, often the end of the adjective will change to -a. 

There are a few exceptions which you will be able to read about below.

1. Abierto  — Open

Él es una persona bastante abierta. — He is a pretty open person.

2. Aburrido — Boring

No me digas que está aburrido. — Don’t tell me it’s boring.

3. Alto — Tall

Le gustan las chicas altas. — She likes tall girls. 

4. Bajo — Short

Algunas son bajas. — Some are short.

5. Barato  — Cheap

Compra ese, es más barato. — Buy that one, it’s cheaper.

6. Bueno — Good

Hacer ejercicio es muy bueno para la salud. — Exercising is very good for your health.

7. Caluroso — Hot

El día está caluroso. — The day is hot.

8. Cansado  — Tired

Dormí mal y estoy muy cansada. — I slept badly and I’m really tired.

9. Caro — Expensive

¿Salió muy caro el pasaje a Chile? — Was the ticket to Chile expensive?

10. Cerrado — Closed

La tienda está cerrada hasta las cinco de la tarde. — The shop is closed until 5 in the afternoon.

11. Complicado — Complicated

La situación está un poco complicada, así que es difícil hablarlo. — The situation is a bit complicated, so it’s difficult to talk about it.

12. Débil — Weak

Ahorita estoy débil porque estuve enfermo la semana pasada. — Right now I am weak because I was sick last week.

13. Delgado — Thin

Mis primos son muy delgados— My cousins are very thin.

14. Delicioso — Delicious

Creo que la comida mexicana es la más deliciosa. — I think Mexican food is the most delicious.

15. Despierto — Awake

¿Todavía estás despierto— Are you still awake?

16. Divertido — Fun

Juan es divertido. — Juan is fun.

17. Dulce — Sweet

Gracias, eres muy dulce. — Thanks, you’re so sweet.

Este vino está demasiado dulce. — This wine is too sweet.

18. Enfermo — Sick

No puedo salir esta noche; estoy enferma— I can’t go out tonight, I’m sick.

19. Feliz — Happy

Me haces muy feliz. — You make me very happy.

20. Feo — Ugly

Esta camisa es tan fea. — This shirt is so ugly.

21. Frío — Cold

¡Que frío hace! — It’s so cold!

22. Fuerte — Strong

Si vas al gimnasio todos los días, te harás fuerte— If you go to the gym everyday, you’ll get strong.

23. Gordo — Fat

Como mi cuaderno está lleno, también está gordo— Because my notebook is full, it’s also fat.

24. Grande — Big

Tiene una sonrisa muy grande. — He has a very big smile.

25. Injusto — Unfair

¡Qué injusto! — How unfair!

26. Inteligente — Intelligent

Me encanta mi novio porque es muy inteligente— I love my boyfriend because he’s very intelligent.

27. Justo — Fair

El juez fue justo. —The judge was fair.

28. Lento — Slow

Soy un poco lento al conducir. — I’m a little slow when driving.

29. Limpio — Clean

Me gusta que mi casa esté limpia todo el tiempo. — I like my house to be clean all the time.

30. Lindo — Pretty

¡Qué lindos son! — They’re so pretty!

31. Lleno — Full

Mi cuaderno está lleno de nuevas palabras en español. — My notebook is full of new Spanish words.

32. Loco — Crazy

El trabajo me está volviendo loco. — Work is driving me crazy.

33. Malo — Bad

Comer muchos dulces es malo para la salud. — Eating lots of sweets is bad for your health.

34. Mojado — Wet

Llovió anoche y la ropa quedó toda mojada— It rained last night and the laundry got all wet.

35. Nuevo — New

Su vestido nuevo era caro. — Her new dress was expensive.

36. Pequeño — Small

Mi departamento es demasiado pequeño. — My apartment is too small.

37. Pobre — Poor

La chica es muy pobre. — The girl is very poor.

38. Rápido — Fast

¡Ese chico corre tan rápido! — That boy runs so fast!

39. Repugnante — Disgusting

El olor que sale de la cocina es repugnante— The smell coming from the kitchen is disgusting.

40. Rico — Rich, yum

Ella es rica. — She is rich.

¡El postre estuvo muy rico! — The dessert was so yum!

41. Salado — Savory, Salty

Prefiero la comida salada. — I prefer savory food.

42. Sano — Healthy

Hago ejercicio todos los días porque me hace sentir sana. — I exercise everyday because it makes me feel healthy.

43. Seco — Dry

El pan de esa panadería es un poco seco. — The bread from that bakery is a little dry.

44. Simple — Simple

La comida es demasiado simple para mí. — The food is too simple/bland for me.

45. Sucio — Dirty

Este carro se ve algo sucio. — This car looks a bit dirty.

46. Tonto — Stupid

¡No seas tonto— Don’t be stupid!

47. Tranquilo — Tranquil, Calm

Tranquilo, todo estará bien. — (Be) calm, everything will be fine.

48. Triste — Sad

Todos nos sentimos tristes cuando termina la canción de Pharrell. — We all feel sad when Pharrell’s song is over.

49. Vacío — Empty

Mi vida está vacía sin él. — My life is empty without him. 

50. Viejo — Old

El reloj de mi papá es muy viejo— My dad’s watch is very old.

Spanish Adjective Grammar

Adjective Placement in a Spanish Sentence

Where does an adjective go in a Spanish sentence? Many beginners struggle to get their heads around the order of adjectives in Spanish.

But remember that unlike in English, Spanish descriptive adjectives usually go after the noun.

So instead of saying “He has beautiful blue eyes,” you say the equivalent of “He has eyes blue beautiful”: Tiene unos ojos azules preciosos.

It might sound weird at first, but once you get the idea, nouns before adjectives will come naturally to you. Check out this post for more in-depth info on the topic. 

Importance of Gender and Number

Another important thing to remember is that you need to consider whether the adjective is masculine, feminine, singular or plural. Spanish adjectives must agree with gender and number.

For example, the word lindo (pretty) can have four different forms, depending on what it’s referring to:


That means if you’re talking about a plural, feminine noun—like palabras (words)—you’d need the plural, feminine adjective.

¡Qué lindas palabras! (What beautiful words!)

Adjectives That Don’t Change With Gender

On top of all that, there are some adjectives that don’t change with gender. These mostly follow a pattern. As a general guideline you can remember this, plus a few common examples:

  • Adjectives that end with -ista: realista (realistic), idealista (idealistic), materialista (materialistic)
  • Adjectives that end with -e: grande (big), caliente (hot), interesante (interesting), inteligente (intelligent)
  • Adjectives that end with -or (comparatives): mejor (better), menor (less), peor (worse)
  • Adjectives that end with a consonant: gris (gray), azul (blue), marrón (brown), fácil (easy), feliz (happy)

Of course, adjectives can behave quite differently in the wild, away from the confines of this article! To really understand how native Spanish speakers use adjectives, you may need to eavesdrop on some conversations.

Or get a program like FluentU and find tons of authentic videos for all your adjective-learning needs.

FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.

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So, go on and be un(a) estudiante bueno/a (a good student) and learn this whole list!

It’ll be divertido (fun), simple (simple) and you’ll come across as really inteligente (intelligent) once you’re using these adjectives in your everyday Spanish life.

And One More Thing…

If you've made it this far that means you probably enjoy learning Spanish with engaging material and will then love FluentU.

Other sites use scripted content. FluentU uses a natural approach that helps you ease into the Spanish language and culture over time. You’ll learn Spanish as it’s actually spoken by real people.

FluentU has a wide variety of videos, as you can see here:


FluentU brings native videos within reach with interactive transcripts. You can tap on any word to look it up instantly. Every definition has examples that have been written to help you understand how the word is used. If you see an interesting word you don’t know, you can add it to a vocab list.


Review a complete interactive transcript under the Dialogue tab, and find words and phrases listed under Vocab.


Learn all the vocabulary in any video with FluentU’s robust learning engine. Swipe left or right to see more examples of the word you’re on.


The best part is that FluentU keeps track of the vocabulary that you’re learning, and gives you extra practice with difficult words. It'll even remind you when it’s time to review what you’ve learned. Every learner has a truly personalized experience, even if they’re learning with the same video.

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