235 Spanish Music Words

If you’re into music and learning Spanish, you’ll definitely want to learn different Spanish music words so you can discuss your hobby.

Here we’ll learn key music words, starting with the basics and moving on up to every word you’ll need to know—including musical terms, instruments, genres and even melodic verbs and adjectives. Plus, we’ll even highlight some renowned Spanish-language musicians who have made a significant impact on the music industry.

Contents

Musical Terms and Elements in Spanish

Basic Music Vocabulary

We’re about to dive into some pretty complex terms. Before we do, here are 11 common music words you may hear in everyday Spanish conversations.

The words below are organized into themes to make them easier to study. You can make learning them even easier by finding them in use by native Spanish speakers, like on the videos over at FluentU.

FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.

You can try FluentU for free for 2 weeks. Check out the website or download the iOS app or Android app.

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More Music Vocabulary

SpanishEnglish
AcentoAccent
AcompañamientoAccompaniment
AcordeChord
AcústicaAcoustics
AfinaciónTuning
AnacrusaUpbeat
CadenciaCadence
ClaveClef
Clave de doAlto clef
Clave de faBass clef
Clave de solTreble clef
CodaCoda
CompásTime signature
ComposiciónComposition
ContratiempoOffbeat
Crescendo*Crescendo
Decrescendo*Decrescendo
DinámicaDynamic
DistorsiónDistortion
EcoEcho
Escala mayorMajor scale
Escala menorMinor scale
FermataFermata
Glissando*Glissando
IntensidadIntensity
InterpretaciónPerformance
IntervaloInterval
Legato*Legato
ModulaciónModulation
NotaciónNotation
PartituraSheet music
PentagramaStaff
Pizzicato*Pizzicato
RepertorioRepertoire
ResonanciaResonance
ReverberaciónReverb
SíncopaSyncopation
SolfeoSolfège
SordinaMute
Staccato*Staccato
TempoTempo
TimbreTimbre
TonoPitch, Tone
Tonos enterosWhole tones
TransposiciónTransposition
TrémoloTremolo

* Italian loanwords

Musical Notation Vocabulary

SpanishEnglish
PartituraSheet music, Score
PentagramaStaff
LíneaLine
Línea suplementariaLedger line
CompásMeasure, Time signature, Bar
ClaveClef
Clave de doAlto clef/Tenor clef (depending on its position)
Clave de faBass clef
Clave de solTreble clef
ArmaduraKey signature
SostenidoSharp
Doble sostenidoDouble-sharp
BemolFlat
Doble bemolDouble-flat
BecuadroNatural
NotaNote
CuadradaDouble whole note
RedondaWhole note
BlancaHalf note
NegraQuarter note
CorcheaEighth note
SemicorcheaSixteenth note
FusaThirty-second note
SemifusaSixty-fourth note
PlicaStem (of a note)
CorcheteFlag (of a note)
SilencioRest
PuntilloDot
LigaduraTie
CalderónFermata
DosilloDuplet
TresilloTriplet
QuintilloQuintuplet
UniónBeam
BarraBar line
Doble barraDouble bar line
Doble barra finalFinal bar line
Barra de repeticiónRepeat bar line

Musical Instruments in Spanish

String Instruments

SpanishEnglish
AcordeónAccordion
ArpaHarp
Bajo acústicoAcoustic bass
Bajo eléctricoElectric bass
BanyoBanjo
VioloncheloCello
ContrabajoDouble bass
GuitarraGuitar
LaúdLute
MandolinaMandolin
PianoPiano
UkeleleUkelele
ViolaViola
ViolínViolin

Woodwind Instruments

SpanishEnglish
ClarineteClarinet
FagotBassoon
Flauta dulceRecorder
Flauta transversalFlute
OboeOboe
FlautínPiccolo
SaxofónSaxophone

Brass Instruments

SpanishEnglish
FliscornoFlugelhorn
Corno francésFrench horn
TrombónTrombone
TrompetaTrumpet
TubaTuba

Percussion Instruments

SpanishEnglish
Batería electrónicaElectronic drums
BateríaDrums
BongosBongos
CongasCongas
GlockenspielGlockenspiel
MarimbaMarimba
TamborDrum
TimbalesTombales
XilófonoXylophone

Other Instruments

SpanishEnglish
ArmónicaHarmonica
GaitaBagpipes
CítaraZither
CoroChoir
KalimbaKalimba
LiraLyre
MelódicaMelodica
ÓrganoOrgan
TecladoKeyboard
TeremínTheremin
VozVoice
Flauta de PanPan flute

Genres and Musical Styles in Spanish

You’ll find that most of these are cognates, so they’re fairly easy to learn!

SpanishEnglish
AlternativaAlternative
BachataBachatta
BandaBanda
BluesBlues
Bossa NovaBossa Nova
ClásicaClassical
CoralChoral
CountryCountry
CumbiaCumbia
ElectrónicaElectronic
FlamencoFlamenco
FolkFolk
FunkFunk
EspiritualGospel
Hip-hopHip-hop
JazzJazz
MariachiMariachi
MerengueMerengue
MetalMetal
Música infantilChildren's music
ÓperaOpera
PopPop
PunkPunk
R&BR&B
RancheraRanchera
RapRap
ReggaeReggae
ReggaetónReggaeton
RockRock
SalsaSalsa
SambaSamba
SkaSka
TangoTango

Spanish Musical Verbs

SpanishEnglish
AcompañarTo accompany
ArmonizarTo harmonize
BailarTo dance
CantarTo sing
ComponerTo compose
DirigirTo conduct
EnsayarTo rehearse
EscucharTo listen
EstudiarTo study
GrabarTo record
ImprovisarTo improvise
InterpretarTo perform
MelodiarTo melodize
SilbarTo whistle
SilenciarTo silence
Sincoparto syncopate
TocarTo play (an instrument)
TransponerTo transpose
VocalizarTo vocalize

Spanish Musical Adjectives

Spanish (masculine)English
AfinadoIn tune
AgudoHigh-pitched
AlegreJoyful
ApasionadoPassionate
ArmónicoHarmonic
ArmoniosoHarmonious
ÁsperoRough
BrillanteBright
CautivadorCaptivating
ClásicoClassic
ComplicadoComplex
ContemporáneoContemporary
DesafinadoOut of tune
DinámicoDynamic
DisonanteDissonant
DulceSweet
EnérgicoEnergetic
ÉpicoEpic
EstáticoStatic
ExperimentalExperimental
ExpresivoExpressive
FuerteLoud
GraveLow-pitched
IntensoIntense
ÍntimoIntimate
LentoSlow
LigeroLight
MajestuosoMajestic
MelódicoMelodic
ModernoModern
OscuroDark
PesadoHeavy
RápidoFast
RítmicoRhythmic
RománticoRomantic
RuidosoNoisy
SerenoSerene
SimpleSimple
SolemneSolemn
SuaveSoft
TradicionalTraditional
TranquiloCalm
TristeSad
TriunfanteTriumphant
VibranteVibrant

Famous Spanish-language Musicians

There are many fantastic Spanish-language musicians who have made their mark on the world of music. I’ve compiled a list of some of the biggest names you may come across, but this isn’t by any means a complete list. Use these names as a starting point in your journey into Spanish-language musicians!

You can read more about Spanish-language musicians here:

 

Sing your way to a better vocabulary with this extensive list of Spanish music vocabulary!

And One More Thing…

If you've made it this far that means you probably enjoy learning Spanish with engaging material and will then love FluentU.

Other sites use scripted content. FluentU uses a natural approach that helps you ease into the Spanish language and culture over time. You’ll learn Spanish as it’s actually spoken by real people.

FluentU has a wide variety of videos, as you can see here:

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FluentU brings native videos within reach with interactive transcripts. You can tap on any word to look it up instantly. Every definition has examples that have been written to help you understand how the word is used. If you see an interesting word you don’t know, you can add it to a vocab list.

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Review a complete interactive transcript under the Dialogue tab, and find words and phrases listed under Vocab.

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Learn all the vocabulary in any video with FluentU’s robust learning engine. Swipe left or right to see more examples of the word you’re on.

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The best part is that FluentU keeps track of the vocabulary that you’re learning, and gives you extra practice with difficult words. It'll even remind you when it’s time to review what you’ve learned. Every learner has a truly personalized experience, even if they’re learning with the same video.

Start using the FluentU website on your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or Google Play store. Click here to take advantage of our current sale! (Expires at the end of this month.)

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