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Body Parts in Spanish: 70+ Important Vocabulary Words Plus Helpful Grammar Tips!

Knowing how to say the body parts in Spanish is more valuable than you can imagine.

I’ve lived abroad long enough to know that these everyday words are beneficial at the gym, when you need to visit the doctor and more.

In this blog post, I share a complete Spanish body parts vocabulary list with 72 key words, and some simple grammar rules for speaking about your body in Spanish.


body parts in spanish infographic

Spanish Body Part Vocabulary

From the Neck Up in Spanish

young woman closing eyes and touching her neck

Let’s get a headstart with the body parts from the neck up that you need to know in Spanish.

You’ll notice that for all body parts listed in this blog post, there’s a definite article (el / la or las / los) in front of each. When talking about your body, you should always use the definite article.

Spanish English
El cuello The neck
La cabeza The head
La cara / el rostro The face
El pelo / el cabello The hair
El cuero cabelludo The scalp
La frente The forehead
La oreja / el oído The ear
El ojo The eye
La nariz The nose
La boca The mouth
Los labios The lips
La mejilla The cheek
La barbilla The chin
Las cejas The eyebrows
El párpado The eyelid
Las pestañas The eyelashes
El bigote The mustache
La barba The beard


From the Shoulders to the Navel in Spanish

man holding his shoulder against a gray background

So far so good? Great! Now we’re going to the (literal) core—the shoulders to the navel.

Though most of the words listed above and below are singular, you can follow the rules for plurals in Spanish to talk about pairs (i.e. los ojos, las muñecas, etc).

Spanish English 
El hombro The shoulder
El pecho The chest
La espalda The back
El brazo The arm
El codo The elbow
La mano The hand
La muñeca The wrist
La palma the palm
El dedo The finger
El pulgar The thumb 
El dedo índice The index finger
El dedo corazón / el dedo de en medio The middle finger
El dedo anular The ring finger
El meñique The pinky
La uña The nail
El seno The breast
El pezón The nipple
La axila The armpit
La barriga The belly
La cintura The waist
El ombligo The belly button


From the Hips to the Toes in Spanish

woman standing on her tip toes

Whenever I visit a Spanish-speaking country, it’s fun to hear people use different words than I’m used to for some body parts.

For instance, el trasero—the butt—can be called las pompis or las nalgas depending on the country.

This is important to keep in mind as you continue working through these lists. These are the standard words, but different dialects can have their own specific terms that are more common in that country.

For this reason, I like to use an immersion program like FluentU. It allows you to watch authentic Spanish videos (like music videos, news reports and inspiring talks) from Spanish-speaking countries all around the world.

Each video also comes with interactive subtitles, which you can hover your cursor over to see detailed information about each term, from definitions to pronunciation. By seeing how native speakers talk about body parts—and a ton of other things—in different contexts, you’ll pick up more natural-sounding Spanish.

Spanish English
Las caderas The hips
El trasero The buttocks
Los genitales The genitals
El muslo The thigh
La rodilla The knee
La pierna The leg
La pantorrilla The calf
El tobillo The ankle
El pie The foot
El dedo del pie The toe
La uña del dedo del pie The toenail


Beneath the Skin in Spanish

xray of a humans upper body against a black background

Spanish English
La piel The skin
Los poros The pores
El cerebro The brain
La lengua The tongue
El diente The tooth
Las encías The gums
La mandíbula The jaw
La garganta The throat
El corazón The heart
El pulmón The lung
El estómago The stomach
El hígado The liver
Los intestinos The intestines
El riñón The kidney
El abdomen The abdomen
El vientre The womb
La vejiga The bladder
El músculo The muscle
La vena The vein
El hueso The bone
La sangre The blood
El cuerpo The body


Talking About Grooming in Spanish

Check out these useful verbs in Spanish when dealing with grooming and your appearance.

Expressions with Body Parts in Spanish

Did you know that parts of the body are also used in other contexts in Spanish?

Learn these phrases that use words in the list above:

Grammar for Speaking About the Body in Spanish

You’re ready to start talking about the body in Spanish with this comprehensive list.

Learning the vocabulary is half the battle, though.

Let’s look at some essential grammar points you’ll need to understand when talking about your body en español.

Adjective Agreement

Remember that when adding an adjective to describe the nouns on this list, you should match the number and gender of the adjective to the noun it’s describing.

Reflexive Verbs

Reflexive verbs express an action that’s done to the subject, usually by the subject.

For example, if you’re going to wash your hair, you wouldn’t say voy a lavar mi pelo, though I’d still understand you.

Instead, you’d use the reflexive verb lavarse (rather than lavar).

Reflexive verbs in the infinitive are written with the suffix –se, so in this example, lavar becomes lavarse:

Voy a lavarme el pelo. (I’m going to wash my hair.)

The reflexive verb stays even if someone does the action instead of you. For example:

Me lavé el pelo en el salón. (I got my hair washed at the salon.)

Learn more about reflexive verbs here.

Describing Body Aches and Pains

We use doler or tener dolor + de to express pain and aches.

Me duele la cabeza / Tengo dolor de cabeza (I have a headache).

Le duele la espalda / Tiene dolor de espalda  (He / She has back pain).

Alternatively, you might hear some people say me molesta  or tengo molestia / siento molestia  to express discomfort:

Me molesta el brazo derecho / Siento molestia en el brazo derecho  (I have pain in my right arm / my right arm bothers me).

Make sure you practice these phrases a few times.

Last year while in Egypt, I had to visit the doctor for some stomach pain. My 300 Egyptian pounds for the consultation took me as far as the little Arabic I knew (hint: it wasn’t very far).

If you ever need to visit the doctor or a pharmacy in a Spanish-speaking country, I don’t want you to get stuck like I did in Egypt.


There you have it! A comprehensive list of body parts in Spanish that won’t leave you hanging at the peluquería (hairdressers) or confused as you follow along in bachata class.

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