Weather in Russian: 80+ Words and Expressions

As a Russian student, learning weather words is essential to a well-rounded vocabulary.

As a beginner, you might even already know a few basic Russian words that are related to the weather.

As a more advanced student, knowing weather-related words is valuable for much more than just small talk

It can help you plan your day, figure out your outfit, stay safe and more.

Below, you’ll learn words and phrases to talk about the weather, get example sentences, idioms and resource suggestions to continue practicing!


How To Talk About Weather in Russian

Common Weather-related Phrases in Russian

weather in russian

Как погода? Kak pogoda?How's the weather?
Какая сегодня погода? Kakaya segodnya pogoda?What's the weather like today?
Какой на завтра прогноз погоды? Kakoy na zavtra prognoz pogody?What's the forecast for tomorrow?
Идёт... IdotIt's... (Literally: "goes" or "is going," used for rain or snow) 
Будет... BudetIt’s going to be...
Сколько градусов сейчас? Skol'ko gradusov seychas?What is the current temperature?
На улице... Na ulitseOutside it's... (Literally: "on the street")
На улице минус Na ulitse minusThe temperature is lower than 0 °C outside
На улице плюс Na ulitse plyusThe temperature is higher than 0 °C outside
На улице ноль Na ulitse nolThe temperature is 0 °C outside
Будет ли дождь? Budet li dozhd'?Is it going to rain?
Снег идёт Sneg idetIt's snowing
Дует ветер Duet veterThe wind is blowing
Холодно на улице Holodno na ulitseIt's cold outside
Безоблачное небо Bezoblachnoe neboClear sky
На улице переменная облачность Na ulitse peremennaya oblachnost'Partly cloudy outside

Russian Words for Describing the Temperature

weather in russian

While in English you generally describe the weather by using supporting words like “it’s,” in Russian, you can simply say most words related to temperature and air quality on their own.

Note that the words below are in adverbial form, not adjectival form—adjectives cannot be used standalone.

However, if you do use them as an adjective to describe a noun, you’ll need to make sure they match the gender of that noun.

Жарко ZarkoHot
Тепло TeploWarm
Хорошо HoroshoGood, as in nice or pleasant
Холодно HolodnoCold
Сухо SuhoDry
Влажно VlaznoHumid
Душно DushnoStuffy
Свежо SvezoFresh/crisp
Зябко ZjabkoChilly
Морозно MoroznoFrosty
Прохладно ProhladnoCool

Russian Words for the Current Weather

weather in russian

Ясно JasnoClear
Солнечно SolnechnoSunny
Солнце SolnceSun
Пасмурно PasmurnoOvercast
Oблачно OblachnoCloudy
Облако OblakoCloud
Ветрено VetrenoWindy
Ветер VeterWind
Туманно TumannoFoggy
Туман TumanFog
Дождливо DozdlivoRainy
Дождь DozdRain
Гром GromThunder
Град GradHail
Мороз MorozFrost
Снежно SnezhnoSnowy
Снег SnegSnow
Радуга RadugaRainbow

Russian Words for Weather Events 

weather in russian

Гроза GrozaThunderstorm
Метель MetelBlizzard
Ураган UraganHurricane
Торнадо TornadoTornado
Засуха ZasuhaDrought
Наводнение NavodnenieFlood
Тайфун TajfunTyphoon
Цунами TsunamiTsunami
Идет дождь Idyot dozhdIt’s raining
Идет снег Idyot snegIt’s snowing
На небе радуга Na nebe radugaThere is a rainbow in the sky

Example Sentences with Russian Weather Words

Слишком жарко, чтобы выходить на улицу Slishkom zharko, chtoby vykhodit' na ulitsuIt’s too hot to go outside
Сухо как в пустыне Sukho kak v pustyneIt’s so dry like a desert
Влажно как в бане Vlazhno kak v baneIt’s humid like in a bathhouse
Здесь слишком душно. Надо открыть окно Zdes' slishkom dushno. Nado otkryt' oknoIt’s too stuffy in here. We have to open the window
Зябко! Давай вернёмся внутрь Zyabko! Davay vernomsya vnutr'It’s chilly! Let’s go back inside
Вечером стало прохладно Vecherom stalo prokhladnoIt became cool in the evening
Ясный день идеально подходит для прогулки Yasnyy den' ideal'no podkhodit dlya progulkiA clear day is perfect for a walk
Зима закончилась, и наконец-то солнечно! Zima zakonchilas', i nakonets-to solnechno!Winter is over, and it’s finally sunny!
Когда сегодня выйдет солнце? Kogda segodnya vyydet solntse?When will the sun come out today?
Я люблю спать в пасмурные дни Ya lyublyu spat' v pasmurnyye dniI like to sleep on cloudy days
Так туманно, что я едва вижу свою руку Tak tumanno, chto ya yedva vizhu svoyu rukuIt’s so foggy, I can hardly see my own hand
Вы слышали гром? Vy slyshali grom?Did you hear thunder?
Город сегодня снежный Gorod segodnya snezhnyyThe city is snowy today
Если продолжится дождь, будет наводнение Yesli prodolzhitsya dozhd', budet navodneniyeIf it keeps raining, there will be a flood

Russian Idioms and Expressions About the Weather

There are many expressions that Russians have about the weather. Not surprisingly, many of them are about the cold! Here are just a few. 

RussianRomanizationEnglishLiteral meaning
Как снег на голову Kak sneg na golovuOut of the blue.
Like snow on the head. It usually refers to a surprise that is not welcome and is used informally.
Жар костей не ломит Zhar kostey ne lomitBone fever not ache.Heat doesn't break bones.
Льёт как из ведра L'yot kak iz vedraIt's raining cats and dogs.It's pouring like out of a bucket.
Зуб на зуб не попадает Zub na zub ne popadayetTeeth chattering.Tooth is not landing on tooth.
Ветер в голове Veter v goloveAbsentminded, frivolous.Wind in the head.
Ждать у моря погоды Zhdat' u morya pogodyTo passively wait for a situation to improve.To wait for the weather by the sea.


Так холодно, что зуб на зуб не попадает.

(It’s so cold that my teeth are chattering.)

Oн никогда не станет серьезно относиться к работе. У него ветер в голове.

(He’ll never get serious about working. He has wind in the head.)

Этого никогда не произойдет. Она ждет у моря погоды.

(It’s never going to happen. She’s waiting for the weather by the sea.)

You can also practice Russian weather words with this video:

How To Practice Russian Weather Words

  • Read Russian weather forecasts: Even if you don’t have plans to visit Russia anytime soon, reading Russian weather forecasts can help reinforce your weather vocabulary. Gismeteo has plenty of news, including weather forecasts and information on wind, temperature, precipitation and more. More advanced students can also read long-form articles about the weather through Российская Газета (Russian Newspaper).
  • Learn through authentic content: You could also use a language learning program such as FluentU.

    FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.

    You can try FluentU for free for 2 weeks. Check out the website or download the iOS app or Android app.

    P.S. Click here to take advantage of our current sale! (Expires at the end of this month.)

    FluentU Ad

  • Download Russian weather apps: The Weather for Russia app, available for iOS and Android, makes it easy to check. You’ll also get the added benefit of reinforcing some of the most common weather-related words. If you’re in the US, the app will probably be in English when you first download it, but just go into settings to change the language to Russian.

With these Russian weather words and phrases, you’ll be ready to talk about whatever Mother Nature throws your way—or at least know how to break that conservation standstill!

And One More Thing...

If you love learning Russian and want to immerse yourself with authentic materials from Russia, then I should also tell you more about FluentU.

FluentU naturally and gradually eases you into learning the Russian language and culture. You'll learn real Russian as it's spoken by real Russian people!

FluentU has a very broad range of contemporary videos. Just a quick look will give you an idea of the variety of Russian-language content available on FluentU:


FluentU makes these native Russian videos approachable through interactive transcripts. Tap on any word to look it up instantly.


Access a complete interactive transcript of every video under the Dialogue tab. Easily review words and phrases with audio under Vocab.


All definitions have multiple examples, and they're written for Russian learners like you. Tap to add words you'd like to review to a vocab list.

And FluentU has a learn mode which turns every video into a language learning lesson. You can always swipe left or right to see more examples.


The best part? FluentU keeps track of your vocabulary, and gives you extra practice with difficult words. It'll even remind you when it’s time to review what you’ve learned. You'll have a 100% personalized experience.

Start using the FluentU website on your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or Google Play store. Click here to take advantage of our current sale! (Expires at the end of this month.)

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