The 4 Seasons in Spanish: Our Seasonal Vocabulary Guide
Learning the seasons in Spanish is crucial, especially since Spanish-speaking countries span various climates and hemispheres.
“Season” has two distinct translations in Spanish, la estación and la temporada. Since we’re talking about different parts of the year with distinct weather patterns rather than a sport or fruit season, the correct translation is la estación.
The four main seasons in Spanish are: la primavera (spring), el verano (summer), el otoño (autumn) and el invierno (winter).
But some countries also have la estación lluviosa (rainy season) and la estación seca (dry season).
In this post, you’ll learn 50+ seasonal vocabulary words and how to talk about them with correct grammar (thanks to tons of example sentences).
- La Primavera — Spring
- El Verano — Summer
- El Otoño — Autumn
- El Invierno — Winter
- More Seasons in Spanish
- How to Talk About the Weather and Seasons in Spanish
- Seasons in Spanish Practice Quiz
- And One More Thing…
La Primavera — Spring
Everyone loves spring, right? The world starts to wake up after its winter hibernation, leaves return to the trees and flowers start to bloom.
Let’s have a look at some of the ways you can describe this beautiful time of the year:
- La flor — flower
- La brisa — breeze
- La mariposa — butterfly
- Nublado — cloudy
- Cielo despejado — clear sky
- La limpieza general — Spring cleaning
- La Pascua — Easter
- Florecer — to bloom
- La planta — plant
- Hacer más calor — to get warmer
To learn more spring vocabulary, check out our in-depth post here.
El Verano — Summer
Summer has got to be the most hyped season—and for good reason! Life just feels easier in summer, and everyone seems happier.
If you’re part of the majority who love summer, it’s worth knowing some of the major summer vocabulary in Spanish:
- Soleado — sunny
- Broncearse — to get a tan
- La quemadura de sol — sunburn
- Tomar el sol — to sunbathe
- Nadar — to swim
- Irse de vacaciones — to go on vacation
- La piscina — pool
- El protector solar — sunscreen
- Los anteojos de sol — sunglasses
- El traje de baño — swimsuit
For more summer vocabulary, I highly recommend checking out our post about Spanish beach vocabulary here.
El Otoño — Autumn
Autumn is the most underrated season in my opinion.
It’s a welcome respite after the heat of summer, and (depending on where you live, of course) the colors in the world around you make autumn incredibly beautiful.
It’s also the time of year it’s acceptable to start drinking pumpkin spice lattes again—yay!
Let’s have a look at some autumnal vocab:
- La hoja — leaf
- La calabaza — pumpkin
- Especias de pay de calabaza — pumpkin pie spice
- La Noche de Brujas — Halloween
- Día de Los Muertos — Day of the Dead/All Souls’ Day
- Día de Acción de Gracias — Thanksgiving (U.S. holiday)
- Fresco — cool, not hot
- La cosecha — harvest
- El resfriado — head cold
In the mood to learn more autumn vocabulary? Check out our post on fall words next.
El Invierno — Winter
Lastly we have winter. Probably the most polarizing of the seasons, winter is undeniably as cozy as it is powerful.
Love it or hate it, it comes around every year and there’s no stopping it—so you may as well learn how to describe it in Spanish!
- Frío — cold
- La nieve — snow
- El hielo — ice
- Congelado — frozen
- La tormenta de nieve — snowstorm
- El patinaje sobre hielo — ice skating
- Quedarse adentro — to stay inside
- El calentador — heater
- El chocolate caliente — hot chocolate
- La chimenea — chimney, fireplace
You can wrap up your winter Spanish studying with this post on more winter vocabulary.
More Seasons in Spanish
It’s important to note that some places close to the equator experience little seasonal variation. The seasons are often broken down into two: la estación lluviosa (rainy season) and la estación seca (dry season).
Here are some important vocabulary words you need to describe these types of climates.
La Estación Lluviosa — Rainy Season
- La lluvia — rain
- Llover — to rain
- Lloviendo a cántaros — raining cats and dogs
- El paraguas — umbrella
- Las botas de goma — rain boots
- El impermeable — raincoat
- La inundación — flood
- Inundar — to flood
- El tifón — typhoon
- El huracán — hurricane
La Estación Seca — Dry Season
How to Talk About the Weather and Seasons in Spanish
When to Use Hay, Hace and Estar
In Spanish, there are three words you can use (and will hear) very often when describing the weather: hay, hace and estar.
Hay is the present simple form of the verb haber. It means “there is/are” and expresses something’s existence. When it comes to weather, you’ll hear expressions using hay after words like “clouds,” “sun” and “hail.” For example:
(It’s cloudy. Literally, “there are clouds.”)
(It’s sunny. Literally, “there is sun.”)
(It’s hailing. Literally, “there is hail.”)
Hace is used to describe the sensation of the weather—or, how it feels. It translates literally to “it makes” and is commonly used with nouns like calor (heat) and frío (cold). These words are often translated into English as adjectives, which can make it confusing to understand. For example:
(It’s cold. Literally, “it makes cold.”)
(It’s hot. Literally, “it makes heat.”)
(It’s cool. Literally, “it makes cool.”)
Estar is used with more descriptive and specific adjectives that describe the state of the weather, not the sensation, just like hay. For example:
Describing weather in Spanish is a little more complicated than in English, where we simply use the verb “to be” to describe everything we see and feel. But the more you interact with Spanish—consuming content, talking with native speakers, etc.—you’ll find these simple grammar rules become second nature.
I also recommend trying an immersion program like FluentU, which lets you watch authentic Spanish videos to learn tricky words like hay, hacer and estar in context.
FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.
When to Use Definite Article for Spanish Seasons
The definite article is used with the seasons more often than in English. This is true in both singular and plural forms.
Note the definite articles el, la, los and las—all equivalent to English “the”—in these examples:
El otoño es mi estación favorita.
(Fall is my favorite season.)
El invierno ya viene.
(Winter is coming.)
Los veranos en el Mediterráneo son muy suaves.
(Summers in the Mediterranean are very mild.)
There are exceptions though, specifically after the verb ser (to be) or the prepositions en or de (usually “in” or “of” in English).
Es verano en España pero invierno en Argentina.
(It’s summer in Spain but winter in Argentina.)
Siempre tengo sueño en otoño.
(I’m always sleepy in the fall.)
Los días de invierno son muy cortos.
(Winter days are too short.)
When to Use Seasons in Adjective Form and Verb Form
In English, the nouns for seasons can become the following adjectives: spring, summery, autumnal/fall and wintery.
Spanish also has these adjective forms: primaveral (spring), veraniego (summery), otoñal (autumnal/fall) and invernal (wintery).
Like most adjectives in Spanish, they go after the noun.
Take a look at these sentences:
El tiempo primaveral es agradable.
(Spring weather is comfortable.)
El sol veraniego puede ser peligroso.
(The summery sun can be dangerous.)
Hay muchas tradiciones durante las fiestas otoñales.
(There are many traditions during the fall holidays.)
Este tiempo invernal es perfecto para Navidad.
(This wintery weather is perfect for Christmas.)
“Summer” and “winter” are also used as verbs in English, such as in the sentence, “My family always summers in the south of France.”
Similarly, verano and invierno have verb forms in Spanish: veranear and invernar.
They’re both -ar verbs and conjugated accordingly. Read through some examples:
Ella normalmente veranea junto a su familia.
(She usually summers together with her family.)
Desearía poder invernar en Cancún.
(I wish I could winter in Cancún.)
Seasons in Spanish Practice Quiz
Without looking at the definitions or translations above, translate these sentences into Spanish to test how much your seasonal vocabulary has grown:
6. It’s very cold today
7. It’s so sunny
8. It’s cloudy
9. It’s raining and hailing
10. She usually summers in Spain
1. La estación / la temporada
2. El verano
3. El invierno
4. La primavera
5. El otoño
6. Hace mucho frío hoy
7. Hay mucho sol / está muy soleado
8. Hay nubes / está nublado
9. Está lloviendo y granizando
10. Ella normalmente veranea en España
Knowing how to talk about the seasons in Spanish opens up a whole world to you. Spanish-speaking countries aren’t just summer vacation spots anymore.
Now you can communicate all year round, from icy winters in the Andes mountains to flowery springs in Andalusia.
Whenever and wherever you decide to go, just take this vocabulary with you.
And One More Thing…
If you've made it this far that means you probably enjoy learning Spanish with engaging material and will then love FluentU.
Other sites use scripted content. FluentU uses a natural approach that helps you ease into the Spanish language and culture over time. You’ll learn Spanish as it’s actually spoken by real people.
FluentU has a wide variety of videos, as you can see here:
FluentU brings native videos within reach with interactive transcripts. You can tap on any word to look it up instantly. Every definition has examples that have been written to help you understand how the word is used. If you see an interesting word you don’t know, you can add it to a vocab list.
Review a complete interactive transcript under the Dialogue tab, and find words and phrases listed under Vocab.
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