20 false spanish cognates trouble

20 False Spanish Cognates That Could Get You in Trouble

Once upon a time, I told my Spanish roommates that American food is full of condoms.

Was it totally embarrassing? Yes. Did I learn from it? Oh, you bet I did.

When learning a foreign language, making a fool of yourself from time to time is inevitable.

However, by learning about false cognates you can save yourself from making huge Spanish slip-ups!

I bet if we polled a room full of seasoned Spanish language learners, 9 out of 10 will say they’ve had people laugh at them after messing up with one of the false cognates discussed below. Everyone makes mistakes. It doesn’t matter how much you practice with your language conversation partners or if you already feel completely immersed in the Spanish language.

You’re gonna accidentally say silly things, and that’s an important part of the experience.

Learning a new language is sometimes like feeling your way blindfolded through a minefield. What you assume to be safe ground could easily blow up in your face. With this lovely imagery in mind, you can probably see why it’s a good idea to learn about common mistakes before you make them. Take a few moments, explore this post and get to know Spanish false cognates a little bit better.

A Quick Introduction to Cognates

A cognate is a word that is basically written the same, with the same meaning, in both languages. For instance, the English word “sofa” is “el sofá” in Spanish. The same goes for the English words “idea,” “family,” “minute,” “restaurant,” and countless others.

Sometimes, a word only seems to be the same in both languages, but really has two completely different meanings. These are what we call false cognates, and they’re out there lurking just below the surface, waiting for unsuspecting students to amble by and pluck them up by accident.

20 False Spanish Cognates That Could Get You in Trouble

1. Embarazada.

What it looks like: Embarrassed

What it means: Pregnant.

20 false spanish cognates trouble

Using the word embarazada incorrectly could leave you, well… embarrassed. There are a few different ways of saying “embarrassed” depending on the dialect, but what I usually go for is tener vergüenza. It literally means, “to have shame,” but it does the same job.

2. Éxito

What it looks like: Exit

What it means: Success

20 false spanish cognates trouble

If you were to ask someone where you can find the éxito you might be in for a bit of a philosophical reply. Instead, look for the signs marked salida, and get on with your day. To make things even more confusing, the word suceso in Spanish means “event” or “something that happens.”

3. Molestar

What it looks like: Molest

What it means: To annoy

20 false spanish cognates trouble

This one does take a while to get used to actually saying out loud, but it’s important to know. You don’t want to get the wrong impression from someone complaining that their boss “molested” them all day in the office. You might want to know that the true translation of  “molest” is abusar (sexualmente).

4. Constipación

What it looks like: Constipation

What it means: A cold.

20 false spanish cognates trouble

Be sure you get this one right before calling in sick to work, otherwise you might accidentally be giving your co-workers a bit too much information. If you are actually constipated, the word for constipation is estreñimiento, but you might still want to keep that to yourself.

5. Fábrica

What it looks like: Fabric

What it means: Factory

20 false spanish cognates trouble

As much as I’d like to wear a shirt that’s made of factories, I don’t think it sounds very practical. Instead, just opt for one made of tela like everyone else, it’s probably much cooler and more environmentally friendly.

6. Sopa

What it looks like: Soap

What it means: Soup

20 false spanish cognates trouble

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is important, and many people are making an effort to clean up their eating habits, but ordering soap in a restaurant might be taking it a bit too far. If you need soap, the word is jabón, not to be confused with jamón, which is “ham” and perfectly fine to order.

7. Realizar

What it looks like: Realize

What it means: To do/ to perform

20 false spanish cognates trouble

If you want to say that you realized something in Spanish, the way to do it is to say, “Me di cuenta…Realizar means “to do” or “to perform.” For instance, “You realized your plan to take over the world.” It’s kind of like the word “execute” in English.

8. Pie

What it looks like: Pie

What it means: Foot

20 false spanish cognates trouble

Even though the two are spelled the same, there is a difference in pronunciation. In Spanish, pie is pronounced “pee-eh” and means “foot.” Two feet are dos pies, pronounced, “pee-ehs.” Something I always found funny is that the translation for “toes” is dedos del pie. Literally, “fingers of the foot.” If you want an actual pie, you should order un pastel.

 In many regions, the English word for the dessert pie has been adopted directly and is said in a pseudo-English accent. Keep this in mind while exploring delicious Hispanic cuisine.

9. Introducir

What it looks like: Introduce

What it means: Insert

20 false spanish cognates trouble

Introductions are sometimes awkward enough without telling your friends that you’d like to insert them into each other. A correct introduction for your friends would be,Quiero presentarte a mi amigo [Miguel]. No insertion necessary.

10. Recordar

What it looks like: Record

What it means: To Remember/To Remind

20 false spanish cognates trouble

To remember something is recordar. To remind someone of something is recordarse. In a sentence, Recuérdame mañana que necesito grabar el capítulo nuevo de Juego de Tronos. Literally, “Remind me tomorrow that I need to record the new episode of Game of Thrones.” Hint: Grabar means “to record.”

11. Ropa

What it looks like: Rope

What it means: Clothes

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Ropa actually shares a root with the English word “robe,” so it’s easier to remember. Just don’t make the mistake of thinking that Cuban ropa vieja is actually made of old clothes. It’s actually a very tasty dish of shredded beef, usually served with rice. Actual “rope” is called cuerda or soga in Spanish.

12. Actual

What it looks like: Actual

What it means: Current

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This is a confusing one for beginners as the words are identical, but have slightly different meanings. Actual in Spanish means “current” as in eventos actuales, or “current events.” If you want to say “actual,” use the word real. “Actually” would translate to en realidad, and is a quite common expression.

13. Asistir

What it looks like: To assist

What it means: To attend

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This one has the potential to set your head spinning. Asistir means “to attend” as you would do to a meeting or lecture. Atender means to “pay attention.” So, you can asistir a meeting in order to atender. The word for “to help” is ayudar, and the noun “help” is ayuda. Always a good one to keep in mind.

14. Delito

What it looks like: Delight

What it means: Crime

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Whatever you do, don’t say “es un delito conocerte.” That means “It’s a crime to meet you,” and probably won’t make you very many friends. “Delight” translates to deleite, but in the previous example it’s better to say “es un placer conocerte. Placer means “pleasure.”

15. Chocar

What it looks like: Choke

What it means: To hit/punch

20 false spanish cognates trouble

Chocar is what happens when two cars run into each other or two people get into a scuffle. It means “to hit” or “to clash,” not “to choke.” In Spanish, “to choke” is ahogarse if you mean that you’re choking on food or drowning. Estrangular is when a person chokes another person.

16. Contestar

What it looks like: To contest

What it means: To answer

20 false spanish cognates trouble

This seemingly strange translation actually makes sense when you think about it. In English, the word “contest” is used when you must answer an argument in court. So it’s easy to see how it could have some relation to the Spanish word contestar, which means “to answer” a question or a telephone. However, in court you would use the Spanish word impugnar to contest a verdict.

17. Largo

What it looks like: Large

What it means: Long

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This is an easy one to mix up when you’re a beginner because the two meanings are so similar. However, largo is only used to refer to length, whereas grande is used to refer to overall size. So something could be both largo and grande, or just one or the other.

18. Rapista

What it looks like: Rapist

What it means: Barber or Shaver

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This actually isn’t a very common word, but still good to know. Rapista doesn’t mean “rapist” but actually means “barber” or more precisely, “a shaver” from the word rapar meaning “to shave” or “to crop.” However, a more common word for “barber” is barbero or peluquero. The word for “rapist” is violador.

19. Enviar

What it looks like: To envy

What it means: To send

20 false spanish cognates trouble

Far from being one of the 7 deadly sins, enviar simply means “to send.” You can “enviar” a letter, a package, or an email, but you can’t “enviar” your friends (well, I guess you could, but you should punch holes in the box). If someone has something you wish you had, you can tener celos (to have jealousy) or envidiar (to envy) them.

20. Preservativo

What it looks like: Preservative

What it means: Condom

20 false spanish cognates trouble

So here’s the one that got me in trouble. What we call preservatives in English are called conservantes in Spanish. The word preservativo refers to condoms. You can also say condón, but just don’t say that they’re in your food or your roommates might tease you for an entire semester.

So there you go, if you can remember these 20 false Spanish cognates you’ll be able to avoid quite a few mix-ups.

If you want to practice, I suggest using news sources to learn Spanish to see if you can pick out any of these false cognates.

Another great route to go down is using FluentU. FluentU is designed to help you make leaps and bounds in your Spanish learning progress through real world videos. FluentU takes music videos, commercials, movie trailers, and inspiring talks, and turns them into memorable language learning experiences. What better way to pick up on false cognates?

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