Woman selling fruit on the street in Colombia

Colombian Spanish (Plus Common Phrases)

Finally putting those Spanish speaking abilities to the test and planning a backpacking trip through Latin America?

Then I highly suggest making Colombia your first stop!

Not only is Colombia of the cheapest countries to fly to from the States, but it also offers some of the world’s most beautiful scenery, delicious food, and a rich, diverse culture. 

Read on to learn some colombianismos, and speak Spanish like a Colombian!


Popular Colombian Phrases

The guide to Colombian Spanish can’t be complete without a few staple phrases that’ll fully thrust you into the Colombian language and culture. The following phrases are some of the most common must-knows in the country. For a more extensive list of Colombian slang words and phrases, click here.

1. A la orden  — At your service

This is the phrase you’ll hear the most in Colombia, especially if you’re getting all touristy, taking cabs and going out shopping. “At the order” is the literal translation, but it means something more akin to the English “at your service.”

If you make any sort of business transaction, the vendor will say a la orden afterward or as you exit as a way of thanking you.

Not only that, but vendors will repeat these words like a broken record in hopes of grabbing your attention so you’ll shop at their stores and markets. Taxi drivers will also shout this at you from the middle of the street so you know they’re not occupied and you can hop in their cars.

Curated authentic video library for all levels
  • Thousands of learner friendly videos (especially beginners)
  • Handpicked, organized, and annotated by FluentU's experts
  • Integrated into courses for beginners
Learn more about FluentU
Learn more about FluentU

A la orden, Señorita.
At the order, Miss.

2. Pues — Well

Pues phrases are very commonly said throughout Colombia.

While other Spanish-speaking countries might frequently say bueno or hágale, what separates Colombians is the special word pues. Yes, that’s a word used everywhere in the Spanish-speaking world, but Colombians really throw it around like crazy. Sometimes they’ll even add pues before and after a word, like this:

¡Pues hágale pues!  
Well, do it already!

Pues, bueno pues.  
Well, alright then.

Puespues que… 
Well… it’s that…

¡Vaya pues! 
Go already then!

Pues mira… 
Well, look…

Pues sí, pues no… 
Maybe yes, maybe no… / More or less

Video player for learners like you
  • Interactive subtitles: click any word to see detailed examples and explanations
  • Slow down or loop the tricky parts
  • Show or hide subtitles
  • Review words with our powerful learning engine
Learn more about FluentU
Learn more about FluentU

Hablamos pues 
Well, let’s talk then

Okay, I’ll stop, but I hope I’ve shown that pues can be used quite literally for anything. It’s the equivalent of an English speaker’s habitually-inserted “like.”

3. A lo bien  — Seriously

This is a popular Colombian phrase that expresses certainty and concern.

I know it looks like it translates to “at the good” or something equally odd, but this phrase actually means, “seriously”, “truthfully” or “really.” You can even slap on a question mark and say “¿a lo bien?” to inquisitively ask “seriously?” or “really?”

It’s the equivalent of the more general Spanish en serio, which isn’t heard much in Colombia. Here’s an example of how you might hear this phrase:

Nunca he ido al playa, a lo bien, nunca iré.
I’ve never been to the beach, to be honest, I’ll never go.

4. ¡Qué pena con usted! — Sorry!

This is the favorite Colombian way of saying “sorry” or, in essence, “sorry I’m not sorry about it.”

You know when you bump into people on the street, but you really don’t care because you’re in a rush to get somewhere? Or how about when you’re at a bar trying to order a drink first?

Even though Colombians are expressing slight sorrow and pity for your (minor or major) loss in life, they’re noting that they’re gaining something from your disadvantage. This means it’s probably not even a sincere accident—sad, but true!

Master words through quizzes with context
  • Learn words in the context of sentences
  • Swipe left or right to see more examples from other videos
  • Go beyond just a superficial understanding
Learn more about FluentU
Learn more about FluentU

Definitely don’t use this phrase to express real, extreme remorse. It doesn’t really work the same way. Rather, reserve it for those little “I’m sorry, pardon me for pushing, excuse me for interrupting, didn’t mean to be late,” instances.

In case you’re wondering what the literal translation is, it’s “what pity/shame/embarrassment for (with) you.”

¡Qué pena con usted, Señorita! 
Sorry I’m not sorry, Miss.

5. Su merced — Your mercy

Okay, so let’s dip into a little history here. The phrase su merced is actually a derivative or contraction of vuestra merced, which is the archaic version of usted. It’s like our old English word “thou”—vuestra merced goes back a long way (to the year 1100!).

What does it actually mean? “Your mercy.”

Isn’t it cool to know that Colombians still use this phrase in some manner today? They commonly use it to convey the ultimate politeness, something that’s even more polite than usted. 

In some areas of Colombia, including Cundinamarca and Boyacá, su merced is the only way parents, uncles, aunts and grandparents are addressed. In these places, su merced actually ends up being pronounced more like su mercé. The D is silent.

In any given situation, it can replace the word usted. It’s also used to address people whose authority is unknown. In other words, stick with su mercé and everyone will love and respect you! It may sound weird, but it’s totally common. Here are a few examples of how this can be used:

Y su merced, ¿qué dice?
And you/thou, what do you say?

Stop memorizing words.
Start building sentences.
  • FluentU builds you up, so you can build sentences on your own
  • Start with multiple-choice questions and advance through sentence building to producing your own output
  • Go from understanding to speaking in a natural progression.
Learn more about FluentU
Learn more about FluentU

Lo que mande, su merced.
Whatever you say, boss.

6. ¡Qué chimba! — How cool!

Chimba is a true Colombian multi-purpose word. With qué, it means can mean everything from “cool” to “cheap” to “no way.” I suggest experimenting with this word in Colombia—it’s likely you’ll never be wrong!

¿Te vas a casar? ¡Qué chimba!
You’re getting married? How cool!

7. ¡Qué nota! — How amazing!

It’s always useful to have phrases to express how amazing something is, and Colombian Spanish surely delivers on this. This one, literally meaning “what note” gets thrown around a lot here. You can say both “Qué nota” or “es una nota” to say that something or someone is amazing. 

Ella es una nota bailando.
She’s awesome at dancing.

8. ¿Qué más? — What’s up?

When you’re walking around town and maybe headed down to the beach or the market, you’re bound to run into a friend. If you haven’t seen them in a couple of days, you’ll surely want to ask them how they are. In Colombia, there’s a special question you can ask: literally “What more?”

But it means more like “What’s up?” or “What’s going on?”

Jorge, hace semanas que no te veo. ¿Qué más?
Jorge, I haven’t seen you in weeks. What’s up?

9. ¡Oigan a este! — Listen to this guy!

Oigan a este is literally “Hey this one,” but in Colombia, it means “Listen to this guy!” This comedic phrase implies mockery and incredulity, inviting others to listen to the madness that the person is talking about. You could use this when someone is describing their recent fishing trip or when someone is bragging about all the money they made last year.

Accurate, detailed word explanations made for you
  • Images, examples, video examples, and tips
  • Covering all the tricky edge cases, eg.: phrases, idioms, collocations, and separable verbs
  • No reliance on volunteers or open source dictionaries
  • 100,000+ hours spent by FluentU's team to create and maintain
Learn more about FluentU
Learn more about FluentU

Oigan a este. ¡Es tan rico como Elon Musk ahora!
Listen to this guy. He’s as rich as Elon Musk now!

10. Por si las moscas — Just in case

This phrase literally means “for the flies,” but in Colombia, people use this phrase to convey a sense of caution like “what if'” or “just in case.”

Voy a ahorrar mi dinero este verano por si las moscas.
I’m going to save my money this summer just in case.

11. ¡Qué pereza! —  What a bummer!

Pereza literally means “laziness.” Qué pereza means something similar, like “what a bummer” or “I don’t feel like it.” But in Colombia, it doesn’t mean you feel lazy. But it does mean that you don’t feel like doing something.

¿No tienes ganas de ir a la fiesta esta noche? Qué pereza.
You don’t feel like going to the party tonight? What a bummer.

12. ¿Quihubo parce? — What’s up?

The quintessential paisa (meaning from Medellín) phrase simply means “What’s up, dude?” Common throughout the country, this phrase will surely make you feel like a local. Use it as much as possible.

¿Quihubo parce, quieres venir a ver fútbol?
What’s up, dude, you want to come over and watch football?

13. ¿Sí pilla? — See that?

Pillar literally means “to catch” but there’s no catching going on here. In Colombia, it’s used to mean “to see” or “to get.” ¿Sí pilla? is a question asking if the person sees or notices something.

Ese tipo parece sospechoso, ¿sí pilla?
That guy looks suspicious, you see?

Hi, I'm Alan! I became obsessed with learning Chinese, Japanese, and Korean in 2001, and managed to get good enough to work professionally in those languages as a management consultant.

I started FluentU to build a new kind of language app.
Want to learn more about how FluentU got started?

14. No seas bobo. — Don’t be silly.

Bobo means naive or foolish. Used a lot in Colombia, it’s a synonym for the Central American word tonto. The phrase no seas bobo means “don’t be silly” and it means something similar to the English phrase “don’t be stupid.”

No seas bobo, necesitas ese trabajo.
Don’t be stupid. You need that job.

15. De una. — Get it over with.

De una is an abbreviated version of de una vez, or “at once.”  This phrase is used to mean “get it over with already.” People also use it when they want to do multiple things at once, sort of like “killing two birds with one stone” in English.

De una, no hay mejor momento que ahora.
Get it over with, there’s no better time than now.

16. Todo bien — All good

This phrase is used when someone asks you how you are and everything is fine. It literally means “Everything good.”

¿Qué tal? 
How are things?

Todo bien.
All’s good.

17. Ni fu ni fa  — So so

Many Spanish speaking countries have their own version of this fun phrase, but in Colombia, you get this one that’s really fun to say.

¿Qué tal?
How are things?

Ni fu ni fa.
So so.

18. Estar en la jugada — To be in the loop

In English, we stay “in the loop,” but in Colombian Spanish, you “are in the game” to keep on top of things and be aware of what’s going on.

Sé todos los chismes. Estoy en la jugada.
I know all the gossip. I’m in the loop.

19. Gas — Yuck

Gas has nothing to do with gasoline in Colombia. It’s an expression used to convey that you think something is gross.

Gas, creo que ese ceviche salió mal.
Yuck, I think that ceviche went bad.

20. Echar cantaleta — To nag

Cantaleta is used when someone is harping on something over and over again, annoying you, like nagging. You use it to scold the person for being such a bore and repeating the same thing over and over like a chorus. It literally means “to throw out song” and it can also refer to a rambling speech. This phrase is also used all over Latin America.

Ya aburro con tu cantaleta. 
I’m already bored with your speech.

21. Juicioso — Well behaved

In Colombia, you want your children to be juicioso, which basically means “well behaved.” This phrase is used to compliment well behaved children and even adults who make good decisions or have good work ethics.

Tus hijos son muy juiciosos.
Your kids are so well behaved.

22. ¿O qué? — Right?

¿O qué? is asked all the time in Colombian Spanish to assure that the person you’re talking to is listening and is on the same page. Particularly common in and around Medellín, it’s often preceded by the phrases  or todo bien.

Todo bien ¿o qué?
All’s well, right?

23. ¿Qué hubo? — How’s it going?

In such a social and friendly country, people are always asking each other how they are and how it’s going, so this phrase is very useful. This is a phrase you will also hear in many countries around Latin America, so it’s convenient one to learn.

Mi amigo, ¿qué hubo?
My friend, how’s it going?

24. Hacer un catorce / Hacer un dos. — To do a favor.

These two phrases are both common in the seaside town of Barranquilla to refer to doing someone a favor. It can also be used to request a favor, or something like “do me a favor.” Strangely, the two phrases literally mean “do me a fourteen” and “do me a two.”

Hazme un catorce, amigo: ayúdame a mudarme este fin de semana.
Do me a favor, friend, help me move this weekend.

The Colombian Case of Usted,  and Vos

Colombian Spanish is easy, especially if you stick to one way of directly speaking to a person. As you may already know, Spanish has numerous ways of saying “you” and “you all” with varying degrees of formality. But Colombian Spanish also contains something that’s a little confusing: the voseo, which is a formal plural you form that’s used in much of Latin America, including some parts of Colombia.

In our high school Spanish classes, we’re introduced to both sides of the spectrum, both formal (usted) and informal (tú, vos) ways of saying “you.”

1. Usted

Colombian Spanish speakers tend to use usted almost always when directly speaking to a person. They use it to the point where it’s probably the only word you’ll hear for “you.” Very rarely will you hear Colombians talking to each other with tú, although it’s not entirely unheard of.

So, in the case of Colombian Spanish, you’ll want to subscribe to using usted instead of . When you’re talking to your best friend, mother, father, grandmother, child, teacher, coworker or even a complete stranger you’re meeting for the first time, you’re going to be hearing and using usted.

There’s almost never a point in Colombian Spanish where you switch over to  because you’re more intimate or comfortable with someone, as is the case elsewhere in the Spanish-speaking world. Even though friends and family are usually referred to as tú in most Spanish-speaking countries, this isn’t true for Colombians.

There are only some parts of the country (namely the coast) where tú is preferred. Otherwise, usted is innate in Colombian Spanish. So much so that people from other Spanish-speaking countries at times get offended, or simply ask Colombians to stop speaking to them with usted and to speak to them with .

¡Deja de hablarme con usted, trátame de tú! 
Stop speaking to me in usted, refer to me as !

It’s kind of like a dead giveaway—if you constantly hear usted, then you may very well be dealing with someone from Colombia. (Of course, there are other Spanish-speaking countries that have embraced usted just as wholeheartedly).

If you’re going to speak in the third person usted form, make sure you always use the actual word usted within the sentence. This will help. It’s more clarifying. Trust me, it won’t sound weird, this is really how Colombians speak! Check out these examples:

¿Qué pasa con usted?
What’s going on with you?

Ya le dije a usted.
I already told you.

¿Y usted por qué no me llamó?
And why didn’t you call me?

The word usted is so overplayed in Colombian Spanish that it has lost its sense of formality.


It’s not that Colombians don’t ever use the tú form.

They do use the second person singular, and they use it a whole lot. What they don’t like is the word  itself. What I mean by this is that, even if you barely hear the word , that doesn’t necessarily cut out te, which is essentially part of the second person form of address.

Get it? Colombians popularly use te, without a problem. It’s just the word  they have something against. For example, here’s a totally acceptable thing to say:

Te traje café.
I brought you coffee.

In the case of te traje caféas opposed to le traje café—the te helps you indicate to whom you’re referring. The thing about le is that it can get confusing because you could be talking to someone directly or you could be talking indirectly about someone else (el, ella).

Since Colombians are native Spanish speakers and clearly masters of their own language, they’re capable of mixing up their talk without sounding “off.” If you want to only stick with usted form and say le traje café because it’s easier and less confusing, make sure you say le traje café a usted.

3. Vos

If you do hear any sort of informality, it’s a toss up whether you’ll hear the rare Colombian  or the more common vos, which lies in a nebulous area between informal and formal speech.

Many countries in Latin America attach different levels of formality to this form of address—though usually it’s considered a tad less formal than usted, yet a tad more formal (or just more appropriate) than tú. 

In some parts of Colombia, vos is thought of as more appropriate to use than  in most social situations.

So, to really sound natural in Colombia, you’ll want to master the wacky vos conjugation system. This style of speaking is mainly heard in the cities of Calí and Medellín—but even then, not everyone uses it. Regardless, go prepared!

Oh yeah, this is the kind of stuff they don’t teach you in school. This is how you get to sound more like a native.

If you’ve spent your Spanish journey only using , you’ll probably need to drill these other forms of “you” into your mind by listening to native Spanish speakers use them.

You’ll hear and usted basically everywhere in the Spanish-speaking world, but to practice vos you’ll need to look out for resources specifically from countries like Colombia, Argentina and Uruguay. Look for a language learning program that can expose you to all these different varieties of Spanish.

For example, FluentU is an online language learning platform with bite-sized Spanish videos curated for language learners, all categorized by topic and difficulty level.

FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.

You can try FluentU for free for 2 weeks. Check out the website or download the iOS app or Android app.

P.S. Click here to take advantage of our current sale! (Expires at the end of this month.)

  FluentU Ad

Colombian Accents

There are general accents, and then there are regional ones.

The general accent belongs to the country of Colombia as a whole, and the regional accents come from the diverse regions and cities within the country. They’re a bit similar but have slight differences.

Here’s an overview. To really get the hang of them, of course, you can consider studying Spanish in Colombia.

1. General Colombian Accent

Generally, Colombians tend to mispronounce certain letters of official Spanish words. This tendency is called comerse las letras (eating letters).

I’m not saying that every single Colombian does this, but the majority of Colombians do. This may exclude professional newscasters, television hosts and radio sports announcers because they strive to have clearer, more neutral accents for their jobs.

Typically, los Colombianos se comen los B’s y los D’s (Colombian’s don’t pronounce their B’s and D’s). This is only true towards the ends of specific words. Rationally, they must correctly pronounce the beginning of a word if starts with a B or a D, but if these letters fall elsewhere in the word, then it’s more likely that they won’t bother to pronounce it.

Here a few example words (usually in the past tense) that get mispronounced by Colombians:

Sentada (meaning “seated,” feminine) becomes senta-a

Cansado (meaning “tired,” masculine) becomes cansa-o

Líquido (liquid) becomes líqui-o

Nombrado (meaning “named,” masculine) becomes nombra-o

Notice that it’s nearly always the second-to-last letter of the word that gets “eaten” or ignored. Also, note that when Colombians speak in the present progressive (English’s “-ing” form) the D’s are properly pronounced as they would be in Spanish. For example, these verbs conjugated in the present progressive are pronounced as normal:

Caminando (walking)

Durmiendo (sleeping)

If the second-to-last letter is directly between two vowels, as the first set of examples shows, then it will be “eaten” and mispronounced. If it isn’t set up like that, then it’s normally pronounced, as is shown with the present progressive examples above.

2. Yeísmo

Yeísmo is when Spanish speakers don’t distinguish between LL and Y, so they go ahead and make a regular Y sound for both LL and Y. This is very common throughout Latin America.

The key is to remember that some Colombians don’t recognize yeísmo. They distinguish the LL sound from a regular Y sound. Non-yeísmo speakers make a hard “je” sound when pronouncing LL and a soft “ye” sound when pronouncing Y.

So, yo and ya will sound like jo and ja, respectively. There will be a noticeable difference—which you won’t hear with yeísmo calling the shots—between cayó (fell) and calló (he was quiet, he shut up).

If you already have this down pat, then you’re ahead of the game in parts of Colombia, Bolivia, Paraguay and Peru. There are no hard and fast rules about who does and doesn’t do this, but it’s good to know while in Colombia since you might hear it.

But why is this important? Because it helps make you a better speller! Even native Spanish speakers confuse the spellings of certain words due to the phenomenon of yeísmo. Common yeísmo errors include writing yave instead of llave and writing yuvia instead of lluvia. 

3. Regional Colombian Accents

Throughout Colombia, there are dialects and distinct accents that stray from the technicalities of “proper” Spanish grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation.

Here’s a list of the different regional accents of Colombia. Be sure to explore these different regions and accents while traveling—or while hanging out on YouTube!

Rolo or Bogotano — This accent is heard in the area around the country’s capital: Bogotá.

Paisa — This way of speaking hails from the area around Antioquia, which surrounds Medellín.

Valluno — This is heard in the area of Valle del Cauca, located in southern Colombia, around the city of Calí.

Pastuso or Andino — This is from the southwest region of Colombia, around Pasto.

Costeño or Carribeño — This accent is from the northern coastal areas of Colombia, near the Caribbean.

Chocó or Pacifico — This is the accent from the department of Chocó, on the Pacific coast.

Isleño — This is an accent from Colombian islands that are located in the Caribbean.

Cundiboyacanse — This accent is from the departments of Cundinamarca and Boyacá, which are located in the central-northeastern part of the country.

Opita or Tolimense — This accent belongs to the departments of Tolima and Huila.

Santanderano — This dialect is mostly spoken in the northeastern part of the country that borders Venezuela, and in the city of Santander.

Llanero — This accent is spoken near the eastern Andes region that also borders Venezuela, and it has been influenced by local indigenous languages.

Amazónico — This is the dialect of the Amazonian region of Colombia.


Pues, ¡se acabó!   (Well, it’s over!)

There you have a gist of Colombian Spanish phrases, culture, language and attitude to get you prepared for your next trip.

Enjoy these colombianismos, and keep on learning!

And One More Thing…

If you've made it this far that means you probably enjoy learning Spanish with engaging material and will then love FluentU.

Other sites use scripted content. FluentU uses a natural approach that helps you ease into the Spanish language and culture over time. You’ll learn Spanish as it’s actually spoken by real people.

FluentU has a wide variety of videos, as you can see here:


FluentU brings native videos within reach with interactive transcripts. You can tap on any word to look it up instantly. Every definition has examples that have been written to help you understand how the word is used. If you see an interesting word you don’t know, you can add it to a vocab list.


Review a complete interactive transcript under the Dialogue tab, and find words and phrases listed under Vocab.


Learn all the vocabulary in any video with FluentU’s robust learning engine. Swipe left or right to see more examples of the word you’re on.


The best part is that FluentU keeps track of the vocabulary that you’re learning, and gives you extra practice with difficult words. It'll even remind you when it’s time to review what you’ve learned. Every learner has a truly personalized experience, even if they’re learning with the same video.

Start using the FluentU website on your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or Google Play store. Click here to take advantage of our current sale! (Expires at the end of this month.)

Enter your e-mail address to get your free PDF!

We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe