A young Japanese boy and girl wearing school uniforms and randsel backpacks

70 Japanese Vocabulary Words for Teaching or Studying at Japanese Schools

Japanese school vocabulary isn’t just for Japanese kids. If you intend to spend any time in Japan as a friend, visitor, cultural exchange student or teacher, there’s a lot of Japanese vocabulary you’ll need to get through a day, including school-related words.

Some of these will appear on the Japanese Language Proficiency Test and your JLPT books, but you need context in order to understand them.

We’ll start with some lists of Japanese school vocabulary, then show you how to use the words in context.


職員 (しょくいん) – Staff

  • 校長先生 (こうちょうせんせい) – Principal
  • 教頭先生 (きょうとうせんせい) – Vice principal
  • 先生 (せんせい) – Teacher
  • 副担任  (ふくたんにん) – Assistant
  • 外国語指導助手 (がいこくご しどう じょしゅ), エーエルティー (えー える てぃー) – Assistant language teacher (ALT)
  • 担任 (たんにん) – Homeroom teacher/supervisor
  • 学年団長 (がくねん だんちょう), 団長 (だんちょう) – Grade leader

    The 学年団長 is a teacher in charge of a particular grade, like a sub-principle for grade-related matters.

  • 当番 (とうばん) – On-duty / 日直 (にっちょく) – Day-duty

    In Japanese schools, it’s common for teachers to take turns unlocking buildings in the morning, closing up at night and assisting main office staff. They are the 当番 or 日直. These terms can also apply to students who have a similar role in their homeroom class.

  • 教師 (きょうし) – Lecturer

    A 教師 is a teacher who hasn’t yet passed all their licensing exams. They are assigned on one-year contracts at different schools until they pass. In the meantime, they can still teach on their own and have homeroom classes.

  • ソーシャルワーカー – Social worker
  • 看護師 (かんごし) – Nurse

Here’s a bonus staff joke:



Where do the staff eat and drink? In the staff room.

Get it? The pronunciation for “staff” and “eating and drinking” is identical: しょくいん。 Tell this to students or teachers, with gestures added, and you’ll instantly become belle of the ball.

行事 (ぎょうじ) – Events

  • (しき) – Ceremony
    • 始業式 (しぎょうしき) – Opening ceremony

      Held in April to welcomes students to the start of a new term.

    • 終業式 (しゅうぎょうしき) – Closing ceremony

      Held in March to send students off at the end of term.

    • 着任式 (ちゃくにんしき) – New staff welcome ceremony

      Teaching staff in Japan are routinely rotated between schools, thus new staff are routinely welcomed.

    • 離任式 (りにんしき) – Staff farewell ceremony

      Similarly, departing staff are routinely given a sending-off.

    • 入学式 (にゅうがくしき) – Matriculation (school entrance) ceremonies

      Given for students entering elementary, middle or high school for the first time.

    • 卒業式 (そつぎょうしき) – Graduation ceremony
  • 文化祭 (ぶんかさい) – Culture festival
  • 体育祭 (たいいくさい), 運動会 (うんどうかい) – Sports festival
  • 見学 (けんがく), 修学旅行 (しゅうがく りょこう), 遠足 (えんそく) – Field trip

授業 (じゅぎょう)、 部活 (ぶかつ) – Classes and Clubs

  • 授業 (じゅぎょう) – Class
  • 科目 (かもく) – Subject
  • 数学 (すうがく) – Mathematics
  • 技術 (ぎじゅつ) – Industrial Arts

    The equivalent of “shop class” in the United States.

  • 国語 (こくご) – Language Arts, Japanese

    The language class for native speakers, like “English” in English-speaking countries. In Japan, this includes Chinese characters and traditional calligraphy in addition to grammar and literature.

  • 道徳 (どうとく) – Moral education

    A big feature in Japanese schools. For example, a class might focus on learning empathy for people with disabilities. As a practical exercise, some students would be blindfolded or restricted to a wheelchair, and other students would be challenged to lead them around the school.

  • 学活 (がっかつ) – Class activities

    Includes non-subject-specific tasks for a homeroom group such as preparing their classrooms or making materials for events (banners, class photos and so on).

  • 部活動 (ぶかつどう) – Extracurricular activity
  • 部活 (ぶかつ) – Club
  •  サークル (さーくる) – Sport club
  • 生徒会 (せいとかい) – Student council
  • 書道 (しょどう), 習字 (しゅうじ) – Calligraphy
  • 水泳部 (すいえいぶ) – Swimming club
  • 陸上部 (りくじょうぶ) – Track and field club
  • 茶道部 (さどうぶ) – Tea ceremony club
  • 吹奏楽部 (すいそうがくぶ) – Brass band club

学用品 (がくようひん) – School Objects

  • ランドセル – Randsel

    A randsel is a style of backpack used by Japanese elementary students. The backpack is firm-sided and made of leather, unlike the more bag-like backpacks common in higher grades or other countries.

  • 制服 (せいふく) – Uniform
  • 運動靴 (うんどうぐつ) – Outdoor shoes
  • 上靴 (うわぐつ) – Indoor shoes

    Some schools may also require “gym shoes” for use only in the gymnasium. Different schools may have more strict or more relaxed policies about what shoes may be worn in which places.

  • 靴箱 (くつばこ) – Shoe box/locker
  • 輪車 (いちりんしゃ) – Unicycle

    Yes, learning to ride a unicycle is normal at Japanese elementary schools!

  • 教科書 (きょうかしょ)Textbook
  • 筆箱 (ふでばこ) – Pencil case
  • 付箋 (ふせん)、 メモ (めも) – Sticky note/memo
  • 名札 (なふだ) – Name badge
  • 黒板 (こくばん) – Blackboard
  • 定規 (じょうぎ)、 物差し (ものさし) – Ruler

日常生活 (にちじょう せいかつ) – Daily Life

  • 学校が (っこう) – School
  • 成績 (せいせき) – Grade
    • 学年団 (がくねんだん) – Grade level
    • (だん) – Group
  • 出席番号 (しゅっせき ばんごう) – Student number

    In homeroom, students are assigned numbers, usually based on where their surnames fall alphabetically. Sometimes teachers use student numbers to determine which student will do a demonstration or answer a question (“Today is the 15th… so who is number 15?”).

  • (じゅく) – Cram school

    Students may go to a cram school after school to study for exams or further their knowledge in certain subjects. For many students, cram school is in addition to club activities.

  • 試験 (しけん), テスト (てすと) – Exam
  • 給食 (きゅうしょく) – School lunch

    While some Japanese schools have cafeterias, most students eat a shared lunch in their classroom, with their teacher.

  • 昼休み (ひるやすみ) – Recess
  • 掃除 (そうじ) – Cleaning time

その他 (そのた) – Miscellaneous

  • 朝礼 (ちょうれい) – Morning assembly
  • 教育委員会 (きょういく いいんかい) – Board of education
  • 職員異動 (しょくいん いどう) – Staff shifting
  • 休み (やすみ), 休暇 (きゅうか) – Vacation
  • 特別休暇 (とくべつ きゅうか) – Special holiday

    National holidays or mandatory vacations, like o-bon or Christmas.

  • 有給休暇 (ゆうきゅう きゅうか) – Paid vacation
  • 病気休暇 (びょうき きゅうか) – Sick leave
  • 代休 (だいきゅう) – Compensatory holiday

    A 代休 may be received in exchange for working extra days, i.e. coming in on a weekend.

  • 振り替え休日 (ふりかえ きゅうじつ) – Day off

    Sometimes the entire school comes in on a weekend for a sport day or culture festival. The staff and students will then get a 振り替え休日 when the school closes during the week.

学校での一日 (がっこうでの いちにち) – A Day at School

Meet Motohiro Fujimura. He’s a second grade student in junior high school (the equivalent of American 8th grade) at a small school in Takamatsu, Kagawa, Japan.

Every morning, he wakes up at 6:00 in the morning, eats a breakfast of toast, cereal and scrambled eggs, puts on his 制服 (せいふく, uniform), grabs his duffel bag and helmet, and rides his bike to school. At 7:00 he has his 部活動 (ぶかつ, club activity), soccer/football, on the field. 

After a grueling half hour of drills, he changes out of his gym clothes and back into his uniform, takes off his 運動靴 (うんどうぐつ, outdoor shoes), puts on his 上靴 (うわぐつ, indoor shoes), greets his 担任 (たんにん, homeroom teacher) and her 副担任 (ふくたんにん, assistant), puts his belongings into a cubby/locker and sits down to read a book.

His grade level doesn’t have a 朝礼  (ちょうれい, morning meeting) today, so they immediately get started on homeroom activities. He did his homework for 国語 (こくご, Japanese) and 技術 (ぎじゅつ, Industrial Arts), but left his 数学 (すうがく, math) notebook at school.

Oh no! He’ll turn in that homework tomorrow.

At 11:50, the students clean up the room and put on their aprons, cook’s hats and face masks to get ready for 給食 (きゅうしょく, school lunch). Excited for a break, the students race each other to the lunch room to grab the metal containers of food. Skidding down the hallways, they sprint back to the classroom, where they start dividing out equal portions of udon, curry, seaweed salad and deep-fried bread.

The lunch leader greets the students, いただきます! (“We humbly receive this meal. Eat up!”). When it’s time to clean up, the greeter says the closing words, ごちそうさまでした! (“Thank you for the meal!”).

Finally, 昼休み  (ひるやすみ, recess time). The students find ways to let off steam and entertain themselves on campus. When recess ends, they file back into their homerooms for the last two classes of the day.

掃除 (そうじ, Cleaning time)! The students help clean the school, focusing on the tasks assigned to them at the beginning of each semester, whether it’s mopping that one spot in front of the staff room that’s always inexplicably dirty or “sweeping” the school grounds (chasing each other with the brooms).

The clock hits 3:30 and it’s time for club activities and 生徒会  (せいとかい, student council) meetings until as late as 6:30 in the evening.

The rest of the evening is an exhausted blur.


The next time you want to gossip about how annoying the principal is or complain that you’re very hungry, don’t worry about having to spit out “the guy who owns the school and is the head of all of us” or “that thing we do when we are hungry, which involves putting food into our mouths at the same time, in the same place, every single day.”

And if you want to maintain your status as the cool kid in school, take after the students in Japanese dramas. Watch school-related movies and series to your heart’s content on streaming platforms like Netflix to make sure you’re saying everything above correctly. To really hone in on your pronunciation and usage, FluentU’s Japanese drama scenes and other media clips come with interactive learning tools.

FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.

You can try FluentU for free for 2 weeks. Click here to check out the website or download the iOS app or Android app.

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