body parts in german

Body Parts in German

In this article, we’re going to talk about German vocabulary for the whole body.

From the top of your head to the tips of your toes, we’ll cover almost everything in between.

But don’t worry, this isn’t your middle school health class.

What follows might not be enough to get you into a prestigious medical college, but suffice it to say you’ll know the words to the song “Head, Shoulders, Knees and Toes” in German by the time we’re done!


Body Parts in German

Main Body Parts in German

body parts in german

Parts of the Head in German

body parts in german

Parts of the Upper Appendages in German

body parts in german

Parts of the Torso in German

body parts in german

Parts of the Lower Appendages in German

body parts in german

To remember these German vocabulary for body parts, you can make flashcards on FluentU. 

FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.

You can try FluentU for free for 2 weeks. Check out the website or download the iOS app or Android app.

P.S. Click here to take advantage of our current sale! (Expires at the end of this month.)

FluentU Ad

A Quick Note About Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are the words we use to describe ownership. It’s like saying yours, mine and ours in English.

In German, possessive pronouns have either an accusative or dative ending. The possessive pronoun stems are as follows:

mein (my/mine) 

dein (your/yours)

sein (his)

ihr (her/hers)

sein (its)

unser (our/ours)

euer (your/yours informal)

ihr (their/theirs)

Ihr (your/yours formal)

Depending on the case of the object in possession, you’ll choose either an accusative or dative ending.

Sometimes, however, you’ll need to use a reflexive verb and reflexive pronoun. We’ll speak a bit more about that next, but those are just a few things you’ll want to keep in mind as you talk about body parts in German.

Verbs Associated with Body Parts in German

We won’t get too much into reflexive verbs here, but know that they require a reflexive pronoun. Most reflexive pronouns begin with sich (himself/herself/itself) in their infinitive form. It’s these reflexive pronouns that direct the action back toward the speaker, showing possession. Just like possessive pronouns, there are accusative and dative reflexive pronouns.

Examples of non-reflexive verbs include:

brechen (to break)

waschen (to wash)

verletzen (to injure)

kleiden (to clothe)

tätowieren (to tattoo)

However, when used with body parts, many of these same verbs become reflexive. For example, you can say, “Ich wasche die Tasse” (“I wash the cup”), as well as “Ich wasche mich” (“I wash myself.”) 

Adjectives Used to Describe Body Parts in German

Now, when you’re talking about body parts, it’s a good idea to know a few adjectives. Here are some that will help spice up your conversation:

sauber (clean)

schmutzig (dirty)

männlich (male)

weiblich (female)

heiß (hot)

kalt (cold)

nass (wet)

trocken (dry)

juckend (itchy)

brennend (burning)

schweißig (sweaty)

feucht (damp)

geschnitten (cut)

verletzt (injured)

klein (small)

mittelgroß (medium)

groß (large)

krank (sick)

gesund (healthy)

mager (skinny)

fett (fat)

Remember that adjective endings must match the case, gender and number of the body parts they’re describing.

Try to incorporate some of these adjectives into your vocabulary. After all, the song lyric “I like big butts and I cannot lie” (“Ich mag dicke Ärsche und ich kann nicht lügen”) wouldn’t be the same if it were only “I like butts and I cannot lie” (“Ich mag Ärsche und ich kann nicht lügen”).

Where to Practice Body Parts in German

In order to get the most out of the German body vocabulary we’ve included below, here are some resources you should take full advantage of:

  • Deutsche Welle (DW) slideshow. Practice naming the body parts with this slideshow stocked with pictures. Both the singular and plural forms of each body part are provided. You can also check out the site’s other slideshow on strange German words used to talk about body parts—some of these wacky words might surprise you!
  • Learn German with Herr Antrim YouTube video. Though this video is narrated in German, the provided pictures and animation of the popular Mr. Potato Head toy make it easy to understand. No purchase necessary—just bring a fun learning attitude!

  • Quizlet flashcards. Flip through these flashcards to memorize the body parts in German.
  • Expatica list of medical terms. Want to learn more about the body and all the medical terms associated with it? Consult this resource for a beginner’s list of German medical terms.
  • Sporcle quiz. Choose from the provided German vocabulary list to match body parts to their English translations. See how fast you can name the body parts in German.
  • test. This multiple-choice test asks you to match the picture provided to one of the German words below it. Click the speaker icon next to each choice to hear it pronounced, and earn stars for each correct answer.

There you have it—the body parts in German, from the crown of your head to the tips of your toes!

And One More Thing...

Want to know the key to learning German effectively?

It's using the right content and tools, like FluentU has to offer! Browse hundreds of videos, take endless quizzes and master the German language faster than you've ever imagine!


Watching a fun video, but having trouble understanding it? FluentU brings native videos within reach with interactive subtitles.


You can tap on any word to look it up instantly. Every definition has examples that have been written to help you understand how the word is used. If you see an interesting word you don't know, you can add it to a vocabulary list.


And FluentU isn't just for watching videos. It's a complete platform for learning. It's designed to effectively teach you all the vocabulary from any video. Swipe left or right to see more examples of the word you're on.


The best part is that FluentU keeps track of the vocabulary that you're learning, and gives you extra practice with difficult words. It'll even remind you when it’s time to review what you’ve learned.

Start using the FluentU website on your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or Google Play store. Click here to take advantage of our current sale! (Expires at the end of this month.)

Enter your e-mail address to get your free PDF!

We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe