If a French man puts his fist in front of his nose and turns it like he’s revving a motorcycle, do you know what he’s trying to tell you?
Yes, spoken French and strange noises aren’t all you need to have conversations in the language—you’re going to need a lot of gestures as well.
And don’t for a minute think you can get by with the same ones as you would in your own language! Non, non, non !
French of course has its very own lexicon of gestures, and yes, they impart meaning. Mastering them is key to being a fluent French speaker—and for beginners, doing so is a great way to appear much more fluent than you actually are.
In this post, I’m laying down the 12 most useful gestures that I’ve found for speaking and understanding real French. (That nose-twisting gesture? See number 4 below.) Peppering them into your conversation will make you much more convincingly fluent, but I have to say, they’re also just ridiculously fun.
What follows are my recommendations for the average French learner; I’ve focused on the most common and useful gestures that are also the most different from what Anglophones may be used to.
The 12 Fabulous, Must-know Gestures for Conversational French
To learn more about body language and other aspects of conversational French, don’t forget to check out FluentU.
But first, let’s talk about gestures.
1. The Absolutely Nothing Gesture
If somebody asks you if you have any sugar, books, money—any of material thing, really—you can say que dalle (absolutely zilch), or you can just bite your thumb and flick it outwards. It’s rather emphatic, and so could be taken as a bit rude. (If you do have some of the thing, then don’t use the gesture! Nod instead and say oui.)
2. The French Pout
You can’t have a proper French conversation without being disgusted or disdainful. Pucker your lips, narrow your eyes and look bored—the result should be something like this.
For example, just this morning, I made a huge American breakfast for three French girls. “Wouldn’t you like some ketchup on your hash browns?” I said. “Mmmmmm, ketchup!” One of the French girls narrowed her eyes and made exactly this face; another went to fetch the pains au chocolat (chocolate croissants).
3. The “I Win/You Lose” Gesture
Show just how young and awesome you are—and how much you have just won and someone else has lost out—with a diagonal chop of the hand as you shout “cassé!” (literally, broken). The gesture was popularized by the film “Brice de Nice” and by TV sketches with the same character.
I’ll let Brice himself demonstrate the particularities of getting the gesture just right:
In spite of such incredibly stupid origins, and being now a bit passé, the gesture is still used today. It is especially used to show that either you, someone next to you, or someone you’re speaking about has humiliated himself.
4. Gesture Drunkenness in French
In many cultures, we lift an imaginary bottle to our lips to indicate that someone else is drunk. In France, we can do that too, but the truly French way is to raise your fist in front of your nose and twist it like you’re rev-ing a motorcycle.
The expression that can accompany this gesture of drunkenness is il a un coup dans le nez (literally, “he has a drink in the nose”). The gesture may help you remember the phrase and vice versa.
Note that the gentleman above tilts his head slightly in the direction opposite to the twisting in order to provide more emphasis. When performed in real life, however, the gesture should be accompanied with a lot of laughing, rib-poking, etc. For obvious reasons, try to remember not to perform the gesture with the same hand bearing your drink.
Hilariously for such a peculiar gesture, young people leaving French-speaking lands for the first time are often shocked when they discover that twisting at their noses is meaningless in other cultures.
5. The Gallic Shrug
To show that you just don’t know, raise your hands to shoulder height. For an oddly cute demonstration, see this video at 0:29.
I employ this gesture when I don’t understand someone, or I haven’t been listening, but I can tell from the upward inflection that I’ve just been asked something. It doesn’t make me seem any smarter, but it does make me at least look like a fluent French speaker.
6. The Delicious Gesture
This is a bit more Italian than French (after all, it expresses positivity and enthusiasm), but the French do actually use it, particularly in reference to food, drink, or a job well done. Kiss your fingers, spread them outwards, and say magnifique (fabulous).
7. I’m Suspicious
To show that you’re suspicious or that you think that the person you are addressing may be lying, put one finger on your eyelid and pull it down a little bit, as demonstrated in the video below (it should launch right at 1:54—if not, skip to there).
The accompanying phrase is mon œil (my eye). I’m not sure where this nice girl learned English, but where I come from the equivalent expression is “my a**,” not “my foot.”
This gesture is very common. If it helps you to remember, you can think of it as a way of showing that you see through someone’s lies. Has a beautiful French woman just told you that she’ll love you forever and ever, in spite of your foibles and farts? Put your finger on your lower eyelid, and pull down.
8. I’ve Got a Nose for It
While we’re signaling at our faces, the j’ai du nez (I’ve got a nose for it) gesture is a bit similar. More informally, the accompanying expression is j’ai du pif. It’s demonstrated at 2:22 in the video just above, and it means that the speaker thinks she is clever, she gets it, or she has a talent for the subject at hand.
Tap one side of your nose with your index finger, and then brag about whatever you think you have a flair for.
9. Someone’s Got Trouble Coming!
This is a fun one. Hold your arm bent in front of you with your palm just in front of and facing your chest. Keep your fingers apart, and shake your hand, saying aïe, aïe, aïe, aïe, aïe! This shows that danger is imminent. Here’s a demonstration.
Obviously, the danger referred to in most daily conversations is rather low-key. Has the coffee been served too hot? Is your mother coming to visit? Break out this gesture.
10. What a Beard
This is probably the least commonly used gesture in this list, but it’s one that I happen to like and find useful. To show that someone is annoying or boring, you can say quelle barbe (what a beard) and stroke your jowls with the back of your fingers.
It is more likely to be used by parents of young children or in professional environments where people feel inhibited from using the more vulgar words that they would usually use to describe such a person. According to some speakers, it reflects the scraping irritation of les bises (kissed greetings) with someone who has an itchy short beard.
11. Let’s Get out of Here
This gesture is unbelievably useful; if you learn just one thing from this post I hope that this is it. You’ll particularly want to deploy this gesture at the end of a night out when you need to signal to a companion, perhaps discretely in the middle of some situation, that you really think it’s time to head out.
To do it, slap the back of one hand with the other hand. You’ll also see people hit the back of their hands, knock their wrists together, or chop the sides of their hands together. It’s pretty informal, so use it with care if you’re in a professional setting.
12. He’s/She’s Crazy
While similar to the loopy-head gesture that Americans make, the French version is different enough to bear mentioning. To do it, you should tap the side of your head to indicate that someone is nuts (I’ve noticed that Russians do this too, by the way).
Or—and this is the funner version—you can touch the side of your head with your index finger and twist, like you’re screwing out your brains. Here are pictures of both versions. These are the possible phrases to accompany it:
- Il est fou./Elle est folle. (He’s crazy./She’s crazy.)
- Il est ouf./Elle est ouf. (He’s bonkers./She’s bonkers.) The more informal, verlan version. For some strange reason, there is no verlan-ed version of folle, and ouf is used for both genders. Be careful, as in some contexts, ouf also means fabulous or amazing.)
- Il est cinglé./Elle est cinglée. (He’s completely nuts./She’s completely nuts.)
There are of course many, many other ways that we flail when speaking French, but these are the most key to typical conversations. If you’re not careful, after a while some of them will creep into your English!
Enjoy these, and keep on the lookout for new ones as you speak to French people; gestures pop into and out of general use all of the time. Happy gesticulating!
And one more thing...
If you like learning French on your own time and from the comfort of your smart device, then I'd be remiss to not tell you about FluentU.
FluentU has a wide variety of great content, like interviews, documentary excerpts and web series, as you can see here:
FluentU brings native French videos with reach. With interactive captions, you can tap on any word to see an image, definition and useful examples.
For example, if you tap on the word "crois," you'll see this:
Practice and reinforce all the vocabulary you've learned in a given video with learn mode. Swipe left or right to see more examples for the word you’re learning, and play the mini-games found in our dynamic flashcards, like "fill in the blank."
All throughout, FluentU tracks the vocabulary that you’re learning and uses this information to give you a totally personalized experience. It gives you extra practice with difficult words—and reminds you when it’s time to review what you’ve learned.
Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or Google Play stores.
Mose Hayward is a polyglot and has lived in Paris for more than a decade. He blogs about “20-minute fluency,” dancing and romantic adventures for travelers at TipsyPilgrim.com.
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