How to Start Learning Spanish: 6 Steps to Begin Your Learning Journey
Did you know that by choosing to learn Spanish, you’ve opened up a whole new universe of possibilities?
Spanish is one of the easiest languages, as well as one of the top-ranked languages, to learn. And to make this a trifecta, it’s the third most spoken language on this planet!
Like with any undertaking, if you take a haphazard approach to language learning, you’re just setting yourself up for confusion and potentially even failure.
It might seem a bit overwhelming getting started, but don’t worry—this post is all about what you need to do to start learning Spanish.
Are you ready?
- Step 1: Understand Your Motivation
- Step 2: Set Proper Goals for Your Learning
- Step 3: Start a Course
- Step 4: Buy Some Books
- Step 5: Set a Schedule
- Step 6: Immerse Yourself in Spanish
- Other Things to Know About Starting Spanish
Step 1: Understand Your Motivation
Motivation is critical for learning a language.
Whether you’re going on a trip to a Spanish speaking country and want to speak with the locals, work with Spanish speakers or want to communicate with your Spanish-speaking friend, it is important to keep that motivator in mind.
The more personal your motivation is, the more compelled you’ll be to stick to your learning goals.
Learning a language is a serious commitment, and rarely is it possible without a genuine motivation towards some sort of authentic communication.
Without a good motivation, you may find it hard to stick to your guns when things get tough.
Step 2: Set Proper Goals for Your Learning
You can’t set yourself up for success in learning Spanish if you don’t even know what you’re working for.
You need to set goals for your learning to guide you through the process. These goals should be SMART goals, which stands for:
- Specific. State exactly what you want and for what purpose.
- Measurable. You have to be able to see your progress in some tangible way. “Speaking often” is not measurable. “Speaking for three hours a day” is.
- Attainable. If you make a goal that is too far out of reach, you’ll lose motivation and give up.
- Relevant. If your goal isn’t something that actually matters to you, you’re less inclined to work for it.
- Timely. Set a time frame for learning, then stick to it.
If you set your learning goals right from the beginning, you’ll know what you need to do to learn, why you’re doing it, when you’ll be working on language lessons, how you’re progressing and even where you want to end up.
The goals couldn’t be clearer—and clear goals often predict a positive outcome.
Step 3: Start a Course
You need to find a Spanish course that best suits your learning style. There are several popular ones that take the scare out of learning for auditory, visual and kinesthetic learners.
Additionally, there’s a course for every budget.
Let’s check out the details on a few:
Babbel courses are organized by learning levels and targeted towards different interests.
From beginner to advanced, it’s an easy, fun method to make quick progress. It also has an app, as well as courses devoted to grammar, pronunciation and other relevant topics.
FluentU is a language education app that uses authentic videos for online Spanish immersion. With interactive captions, you can click on any word in the videos to discover definitions, sample sentences and associated media clips.
You can also practice vocab in your target language by making use of features such as customized flashcards and personalized quizzes.
You can find FluentU as an app for iOS and Android as well.
BBC Languages: Spanish is an archived site, but that doesn’t mean the material there isn’t useful.
There are free lessons, games and even an interactive learning video drama, “Mi Vida Loca” (“My Crazy Life”), that are great sources for beginning learners.
The videos highlight cultural aspects while providing an opportunity to hear native speakers interact.
Coursera is a company that provides online access to courses taught at colleges and universities across the globe.
Video lectures and discussion forums make learning Spanish an interactive educational experience. Courses are free unless you want a certificate of completion.
Step 4: Buy Some Books
By books, I mean all kinds of books, it doesn’t just need to be a textbook.
Textbooks are useful for learning the fundamentals, but reading actual Spanish books will also help your language skills tremendously.
Even from a beginner level, you can find plenty of Spanish books meant for all competencies.
Spanish readers are an excellent learning tool. They are graded so progression from one level to the next is a simple process, based on vocabulary acquisition. Begin with one that doesn’t require any prior Spanish knowledge, then work your way up.
When you’re ready for meatier reading material, Amazon is filled with Spanish-language books, from the basics to contemporary bestsellers.
If you do decide to go with textbooks, try to make sure that your textbook teaches the register and regional variety of Spanish that’s most relevant to your goal.
You don’t want to bother learning vosotros (informal plural “you”), if you’re planning to go to Latin America.
Step 5: Set a Schedule
It’s natural to be excited about a new learning experience, but that often translates into biting off more than you can comfortably chew.
One useful strategy to avoid overwhelming yourself is to make a chart of what you’re doing and when.
A sample schedule might look like this:
Week 1: One hour of coursework and 30 minutes of vocabulary practice; five times per week
Week 2: One hour of coursework, 30 minutes of vocabulary practice, 30 minutes of Spanish videos; five times per week
Week 3: 90 minutes of coursework, 45 minutes of vocabulary practice, 15 minutes of writing practice, 30 minutes of videos or gaming; five times per week
The idea is to build upon the previous week’s plan. And, of course, when it comes to language learning, more is better!
Step 6: Immerse Yourself in Spanish
Remember how you learned to speak your first language when you were a kid? You picked up on it as you were completely immersed by it.
Language learning is facilitated by that type of non-stop exposure. When you’re tackling Spanish, you should also try to set up an immersive environment.
Most of us can’t take off for a Spanish-speaking country tomorrow, but we can certainly find ways to immerse ourselves at home:
- Surround yourself with Spanish by labeling items around your house or office.
- Have conversations with yourself in your head or out loud (if nobody’s around to hear, of course).
- Change your phone’s settings to Spanish. Watch movies and listen to music in Spanish.
- If you do know someone who speaks Spanish, ask them to only speak Spanish around you.
Any way that you can think of incorporating Spanish into your life, do it!
Other Things to Know About Starting Spanish
While you now know what steps to take to start learning Spanish, here are some more things that are good to know:
What to Expect in the Beginning
Sometimes adults expect to pick up on a new language as if it were their own. What we tend to forget is that we even made mistakes when we were learning our native language!
Whether it’s your first, second or fifteenth language that you’re learning, you will not be perfect. Mistakes are bound to happen in the beginning. And in the middle. Even when we’re fluent in a language—any language—mistakes happen. So don’t expect Spanish to be any different.
Remember that it also takes a lot of repetition and practice to grasp a language, so you may feel overwhelmed at times, but that’s okay!
Mistakes and determination aside, you’re probably wondering how long it takes to learn Spanish. The answer is, that depends on you. It depends on your learning style, your motivation level and how much time you dedicate to studying.
According to the Foreign Service Institute, it takes about 600 hours to reach a fluent level of Spanish. Now, what pace you take to reach that is your choice.
What I can tell you is that consistency is key. If you dedicate time to Spanish studying every day, you will catch on relatively quickly. If you spend one day studying for ten hours but don’t practice what you learned again for another month, you will take longer to learn the language.
Different Ways to Learn Spanish
There is no singular way to learn any language, there are many options which allow you some freedom in creating your learning plan.
Whether it’s an online course, complete immersion, one-on-one tutoring, a classroom or a simple app, the opportunities are endless. You can find what works for you.
To see more about some of the different ways that you can learn Spanish, check out this post:
Be Your Own Teacher
I’m a huge advocate of solo learning—especially for languages. Why? Because everyone is different and no one-size-fits-all language program truly fits all.
If you set the stage for Spanish learning success by devising your own learning plan, you’re more likely to do really well.
Pay attention to which methods are most effective for you, your own motivation level and how much time you can dedicate to your learning. By listening to your own needs, you’re less likely to burn out or give up.
Acknowledge Your Learning Style
Not everybody learns in the same way, which is why it’s important to figure out what your learning style is, then use that to your advantage.
- If you’re an auditory learner, try to listen to things like music and spoken conversation as much as possible when learning new topics.
- Reading-writing learners will benefit from reading and writing exercises that teach them through words.
- Visual learners work best with images, videos, powerpoints, etc.
- Kinesthetic learners can incorporate touch with their learning through hands-on activities like drawing, cooking, crafts, etc.
Once you know what type of learner you are, you should map out a plan that works in sync with your learning style. If you want to see which type of learning style you have, check out this questionnaire.
Learning Spanish doesn’t have to be overwhelming. If you find your focus, figure out how you learn and set yourself up for success, this may be one of the best decisions you’ll ever make.
¡Buena suerte! (Good luck!)