english abbreviations

English Abbreviations: What They Are, How They Work and Common Examples

If there is one kind of word that you will always be learning in the English language, it would be abbreviations.

There are hundreds of English abbreviations that people use everyday, all the time, when speaking and writing.

A new abbreviation can be made every week or month! That means even native English speakers would have to learn new abbreviations every once in a while.

That is why it is so important to learn English abbreviations. Here is an easy guide that explains how abbreviations work and some of the most common abbreviations you should memorize first.

Contents

What Are Abbreviations in English?

An abbreviation is a shorter version of a word or phrase.

Using abbreviations makes speaking and writing quicker and easier. They are used in both professional (formal) moments and casual (informal) moments.

You can have an abbreviation for one word, or for a collection of words. Most of the time, abbreviations are only two to four letters long.

They can be made by taking the first and or last letters of a word, or the first letter of all the words in a phrase.

For example:

  • Mister = Mr.
  • International Business Machines Corporation = IBM

Some abbreviations end with a period (.). Some do not. A period can help show that you are writing an abbreviation and not a full word, but sometimes, it is not needed.

But when an abbreviation does end in a period, that does not mean that you will start a new sentence.

The period is just a part of the abbreviation that makes it clear that the word is a shortened version.

There is also something called an acronym, which is a type of abbreviation. Acronyms are specifically for phrases, and you make an acronym from the first letters of the words (initials) in that phrase.

An abbreviation like IBM could be seen as an acronym, but most of the time, acronyms are pronounced like one actual word.

For example:

Most Common English Abbreviations

common english abbreviations

These abbreviations are used all the time. It is possible that you will see or hear some of them at least once in a day.

1. Mr. — Mister

When you want to be polite or respectful to a man, you would call him “Mister (name).”

Mr. is the abbreviation for that, and you should write the first or last name of the man right after it.

You won’t usually say or write Mr. when you are with your friends.

Mr. Brown! Thank you for coming to meet me.

2. Ms. — Miss

When you want to be polite or respectful to a woman, especially if she is young or unmarried, then you would say “Miss (name).”

Ms. is the abbreviation for that, and you would add the first or last name of the lady after it.

Hello, Ms. Smith! How are you today?

3. Mrs. — Missus

When you want to be polite or respectful to a woman who is older or married, then you would use “Missus (name).”

Mrs. is the abbreviation for that–the “r” comes from the word “mistress,” which is where “missus” comes from.

Mr. Gray, please tell Mrs. Gray that I hope she is doing well.

4. DOB — date of birth

This is pronounced “dee-oh-bee.” You will see this abbreviation often on important official documents.

You may also hear someone ask about your DOB whenever they want to get personal information from you.

Tell me your name, DOB and hometown.

5. ID — identification

Pronounced as “eye-dee.” Like with DOB, you may be asked to provide an ID for any official business or when you are going to a place that does not allow younger people in.

Your ID is usually a type of license that has a picture of you on it.

Show your ID to the security guard.

6. TBA — to be announced

Pronounced “tee-bee-ay.” TBA is used for announcements or notices that have not been decided yet.

For example, the guests that will show up at a concert can be labeled TBA, and you may find out who they are closer to the concert date.

The schedule for the meeting is TBA, and you will find out soon.

7. FAQ — frequently asked questions

Pronounced “eff-ay-cue.” You will see the abbreviation FAQ all the time on websites for events, programs, classes and so on.

Under the FAQ heading, you will see common questions asked about whatever is being described plus answers to them.

Please check the FAQ before you email me any questions!

8. Q&A — questions and answers

Usually in meetings, there is a specific time in which people can ask questions to a person or a group.

This is known as a Q&A session. Most times, the Q&A is open for everyone around.

The Q&A will start soon, so please start lining up at the microphone!

9. N/A — not available

This abbreviation is used to describe something that is not around.

It is also used when you don’t have any information to share about something—for example, if a document asks you to write down any allergies you have, and you don’t have any, you can just write N/A.

Sorry, but customer service is currently N/A. Please try again later.

10. AKA — also known as

Pronounced “ay-kay-ay.” This abbreviation is used to describe another way to call or name something.

It is usually to introduce nicknames or less known titles. You can use it for both people and objects.

This is John, AKA the nicest guy in class!

11. DIY — do it yourself

Pronounced “dee-eye-why.” This abbreviation describes any activity that is meant to be done by yourself, and usually, it is something easy to do.

The Internet is full of DIY guides and videos that show you how to make things without any professional help.

This DIY guide on how to make a coffee table is so easy to follow.

12. POV — point of view

Pronounced “pee-oh-vee.” A point of view can describe a specific person’s thoughts or attitude.

It can also be used to describe an actual point in which you can see something, as if you were working with a camera.

In my POV, I think that deal sounds pretty fair, but you probably think differently.

13. ASAP — as soon as possible

Pronounced “ay-sap.” This abbreviation tells someone to do something quickly or as soon as they can, sometimes because there is an emergency.

It is commonly spoken and written in both professional and casual situations.

Please call me ASAP.

14. i.e. id est (that is, in other words)

An abbreviation for the Latin id est, meaning “that is.”

This is most used (most commonly in writing) to introduce a concept that was just described or to provide more specific information.

My favorite sports involve running, i.e., soccer and baseball.

15. Etc. et cetera (and so forth)

Another Latin-based abbreviation, et cetera just means “and so forth” or “and others.”

It is often used at the end of some kind of list, to show there are more things that can be added but you choose not to describe them.

I love all kinds of desserts: cakes, cookies, ice cream, etc.

16. ETA — estimated time of arrival

Pronounced “ee-tee-ay.” This abbreviation is used when you are calculating what time something will happen or arrive somewhere.

You will see and hear it a lot in transportation situations, such as when you are taking an airplane or a bus.

Hey, what’s your ETA? Let me know and I can come pick you up.

17. P.S. — postscript

An abbreviation that is used at the end of messages and letters.

P.S. is used for an extra note or reminder, and it does not have to be related to everything else that was written.

I will bring dinner at around 6 PM. P.S. Don’t forget to clean the dishes!

18. RSVP Répondez s’il vous plaît (respond, please)

This abbreviation is from the French phrase “Répondez s’il vous plaît.” It is used when asking someone to please answer back.

When you get an invitation for an event, like a wedding or party, you are guaranteed to see the abbreviation RSVP on it because the sender wants to know if you are coming or not.

Don’t forget to RSVP–there are only one hundred seats available!

More English Abbreviations

professional english abbreviations

Of course, there are many more English abbreviations that are used everyday. Here are some of the most important ones for different situations and contexts.

English Abbreviations for Texting

When you text on your phone or message people online, you want to send things quickly.

That is why abbreviations can be so helpful. This is especially true if you are talking to friends.

Many texting abbreviations are very casual and slang, so you wouldn’t want to use them if you want to look professional.

To learn more about common Internet and texting slang in English, check out this post.

  • lol — laugh out loud
  • brb — be right back
  • btw — by the way
  • bb — bye bye
  • afk — away from keyboard
  • idk — I don’t know
  • lmk — Let me know
  • thx — Thanks
  • ily — I love you
  • jk — joking
  • bc — because
  • pls / plz — please
  • rn — right now
  • omw — on my way
  • omg — oh my God
  • ttyl — talk to you later

English Abbreviations for Measurements

Whether you are using a ruler, a weight scale, or a measuring cup, there are also abbreviations for different kinds of measurements.

When you use these abbreviations, it is important that you write a number before them.

This makes it clear that you are talking about calculations.

  • mm – millimeter
  • cm – centimeter
  • in. – inch
  • ft. – feet
  • yd. – yard
  • m – meter
  • km – kilometer
  • mi – miles
  • mph – miles per hour
  • fl. oz – fluid ounces
  • oz. – ounces
  • mL – milliliter
  • L – liters
  • pt. – pint
  • qt. – quart
  • gal. – gallon
  • tsp. – teaspoon
  • tbsp. – tablespoon
  • mg – milligram
  • g – gram
  • kg – kilogram
  • T – ton
  • lb. – pound

English Abbreviations for Time

office table

When you are counting time or noting the date, using abbreviations will be very useful in, well, saving time!

Just like with measurement abbreviations, time abbreviations should usually have some number come before or after it.

  • ms / msec – milliseconds
  • sec / s – second
  • min / m – minute
  • hr / h – hour
  • AM – morning
  • PM – afternoon / evening
  • wk – week
  • M / Mon – Monday
  • T / Tues – tuesday
  • W / Wed – Wednesday
  • Th / Thurs – Thursday
  • F / Fri – Friday
  • S / Sat – Saturday
  • Su / Sun – Sunday
  • Jan – January
  • Feb – February
  • Mar – March
  • Apr – April
  • May – May
  • Jun – June
  • Jul – July
  • Aug – August
  • Sep – September
  • Oct – October
  • Nov – November
  • Dec – December

English Abbreviations for Business

Abbreviations are used everywhere in a workplace. They are used many times in messages and emails.

Some business abbreviations can be a bit complicated, since they describe very specific things that you may not understand unless you are familiar with the work environment.

To learn more about business abbreviations in detail, check out this post.

  • FTE – full-time employment
  • PTO – paid time off
  • OT – overtime
  • WFH – work from home
  • Attn. – attention
  • Admin – administration
  • CEO – chief executive officer
  • PR – public relations
  • HR – human resources
  • Cc – carbon copy
  • Fwd – forward
  • SEO – search engine optimization

English Abbreviations for Professions

A profession is a career or job that needs special training or skills. In a workplace, there are many job titles for different people, so abbreviations are used.

Many times, these abbreviations just use the first couple of letters in the full job titles. They are also usually written with capital letters, and not written in lower-case.

  • Prof. – professor
  • Dr. – doctor
  • MD – medical doctor
  • DO – osteopathic doctor
  • RN – registered nurse
  • PA – physician’s assistant or personal assistant
  • Exec – executive
  • Acct. – accountant
  • Asst. – assistant
  • Capt. – captain
  • Dir. – director
  • Mgr. – manager
  • PM – project manager
  • CEO – chief executive officer
  • CFO – chief financial officer
  • VP – vice president
  • Eng / Engr – engineer
  • Jr – junior
  • Sr – senior
  • Dev – developer
  • IT – information technology
  • Off. – officer
  • QA – quality assurance

 

English abbreviations help make our English-speaking lives much easier.

Plus, when you use abbreviations, you will sound more like a native speaker.

That is why you should take the time to learn all of the words listed in the post, plus pay attention to any new abbreviation you come across.

And One More Thing...

If you like learning English through movies and online media, you should also check out FluentU. FluentU lets you learn English from popular talk shows, catchy music videos and funny commercials, as you can see here:

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If you want to watch it, the FluentU app has probably got it.

The FluentU app and website makes it really easy to watch English videos. There are captions that are interactive. That means you can tap on any word to see an image, definition, and useful examples.

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FluentU lets you learn engaging content with world famous celebrities.

For example, when you tap on the word "searching," you see this:

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FluentU lets you tap to look up any word.

Learn all the vocabulary in any video with quizzes. Swipe left or right to see more examples for the word you’re learning.

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FluentU helps you learn fast with useful questions and multiple examples. Learn more.

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Start using the FluentU website on your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or Google Play store. Click here to take advantage of our current sale! (Expires at the end of this month.)

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