When’s the last time you watched a Japanese television drama?
Okay, now when’s the last time you learned some useful, interesting vocabulary from watching a Japanese television drama?
If your answer to either of those questions was “Never,” you can’t hear it, but I’m gasping right now.
And I’m determined to help you remedy the situation.
Sorry, I don’t mean to be overly…dramatic!
But there’s something you, as a Japanese learner, have got to understand:
Not only are these shows a lot of fun to watch, but the subject matter within the world of Japanese dramas is incredibly varied, making them a great way to pick up specialized vocab in context.
Name nearly any topic you want to be able to talk about, and there’s likely a drama series that involves that topic in some way.
How awesome is that?
But before you dive into a new drama series on your path to holding a detailed Japanese conversation about, say, professional basketball, you’ll need to find the right series to watch.
You’ll also need to have some idea of how you’re actually going to learn—and remember—all those cool new words.
Let’s take it from the top.
How to Acquire New Vocab from Japanese Dramas
To get the most out of watching a Japanese drama, you should figure out a system for retaining vocab that works for you. It will probably be a trial-and-error process that you’ll develop the more you watch, and you might learn some new things about your personal learning process along the way.
For example, maybe it helps your comprehension if you pause what you’re watching to look up unfamiliar words in real time. But maybe that’s too distracting, or too troublesome, and you’d rather jot things down to look up all at once later.
Either way, adding words and phrases you come across—the new, the interesting, the unusual…or just the plain fun—to flashcards for further study can help ensure you’ll remember what you’ve learned.
When watching a drama for learning purposes (or doing much anything else for learning purposes, really) it’s important to strike a balance between education and entertainment.
Drama series are created to be entertaining, so the shows you choose to watch should ultimately serve that purpose. If watching dramas becomes more work than fun, there’s a good chance you won’t stick with it—meaning you lose out on the educational value completely.
Another point to keep in mind is that, especially earlier on in your Japanese learning journey, it can be a mistake to rely entirely on your own ears to pick up vocab. Some words, or even whole phrases, can sound deceptively similar, and getting one syllable wrong can make something impossible to look up in a dictionary.
There’s also always the very real possibility of learning a phrase, memorizing it and using it…all the while being unaware that you’re using it in the wrong context entirely, because you misheard!
With FluentU, you can learn Japanese from real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news, inspiring talks and, of course, dramas—without ever having to pick up a dictionary. With subtitles, transcripts and “learn” mode, which turns each video into a personalized language lesson, you have everything you need to increase your understanding of the language right in front of you!
Here are a few tricks for correctly picking up vocab from Japanese dramas:
- Find and use Japanese subtitles for the show you’re watching. Besides guarding against mishearing mishaps, having text-based subtitles also makes looking words up in an online dictionary and adding words to digital flashcards much, much simpler. (There are even some automated tools available to help you with that, such as subs2srs.)
- If the drama series is based on a written story, like a light novel or manga series, find it! Much of the dialogue will likely be very similar, if not exactly the same. This method isn’t as thorough as having subtitles, but it can help give you a foundation to work from.
- Ask a native Japanese speaker to verify something that was said. Of course, this requires knowing a native speaker who doesn’t mind you bugging them about drama dialogue—and unless that person is a paid tutor, you should keep the requests to a minimum. (I would advise keeping the requests to a minimum even if they are a paid tutor, but that’s just me.)
- Ignore new vocab you’re not 100% sure you heard correctly. While this tactic leaves you fewer new words to learn, at least what you’re learning will be accurate.
Whatever methods you use, remember that you really don’t need to understand every single word in an episode or add them all to your flashcards. The more episodes you watch, and the more time you spend actively listening, the more you’ll naturally start to pick up new words and phrases that might have been indecipherable in the beginning.
Looking up and trying to remember everything can be overwhelming—and again, we want to keep the balance of fun vs. work squarely in favor of fun.
Finding a Japanese Drama Series to Watch
So, now that we know exactly how we’re going to extract all this awesome new vocabulary from the shows we watch, we have to figure out what to watch!
You have two main options as far as watching Japanese dramas: DVDs and streaming sites. Each one has pros and cons.
You can find nearly any drama, new or old, on DVD, and you can also rip audio from DVDs for listening to later (convenient for studying on the go).
But, unlike with anime and some movies, localized DVD releases of dramas for English-speaking countries are basically nonexistent, so you’ll have to get them from Japan.
Japanese DVDs rarely (as in, pretty much never) have English subtitles, which can severely impact the enjoyment factor, especially if your Japanese isn’t at an advanced level yet.
Plus, DVDs are expensive, plain and simple—and unless you share a region code with Japan, you might have to buy a new DVD player just to watch them.
Streaming sites, on the other hand, offer way fewer options, but are also way cheaper, if not free.
(Netflix has other Asian dramas, but I haven’t found any Japanese dramas on there yet, unfortunately. If you already have a Netflix account, though, it doesn’t hurt to check every once in a while.)
There’s also Amazon Japan, but they tend to be the most expensive option if you’re shipping out of the country. (If you live in Japan, though, they might be the cheapest.)
Whichever option you choose, you have to find a drama to start with, right? An easy way to start is to just read summaries and pick whatever sounds interesting, or check out some recommendations. If there’s a certain genre you know you like, look there first. Or, if you’re already a fan of a particular actor, you’ve got a nice ready-made list to check into.
If you don’t have genre or actor preferences to start with, don’t worry—once you become more familiar with Japanese dramas, you’ll start to figure out what (or who) appeals to you, making it easier to find new series as you go.
Recommendations Based on Specialized Vocab
Another option is to pick a show based on what you can learn from it. What kind of vocab do you think would be interesting or useful? To get you started, here’s a selection of some series to check out if you want to learn words in a particular field, setting or context.
If you want to learn sports vocab, try…
- “Buzzer Beat.” This sports-centric drama focuses on a young professional basketball player, a young violinist and how their lives intertwine. So with this one, you get some bonus music vocabulary, too!
- “Pride.” Hockey fans who don’t mind some romance with their body checking will be interested in this series centered around the captain of a professional hockey team and his life on and off the ice. Like “Buzzer Beat,” the show combines professional sports drama with relationship drama—but this time to a soundtrack of Queen songs. And who doesn’t love Queen? (That’s a rhetorical question. Everyone loves Queen.)
If you want to learn food vocab, try…
- “Gochisousan.” This period drama, set in the early-to-mid-1900s, is about a woman from a restaurant family who moves from Tokyo to Osaka after getting married. So in addition to all the food talk, some of the cultural differences between the two cities are showcased. Each episode is only 15 minutes long, minimizing the time commitment—but there are 150 episodes, so you won’t run out for a while!
- “Tenno no Ryoriban.” A brand-new drama, “Tenno no Ryoriban” is about a young man’s journey to become a chef…eventually leading him to become the chef for the emperor of Japan. And this one is actually based on a nonfiction novel about a real person, so if you like it, you can try reading the novel next.
If you want to learn medical vocab, try…
- “Voice.” This drama focuses on students taking a hands-on course in forensic pathology, and each episode explores how a particular patient died. It’s compelling, but just so you know, some of the stories can get pretty sad, too.
- “Code Blue.” A drama popular enough to get a second season, “Code Blue” is about four young doctors who get assigned to the “Doctor Helicopter” system, flying to patients to perform life-saving care in the field. Be ready for lots of medical jargon and intense episodes.
If you want to learn relationship vocab, try…
- “Love Shuffle.” One of my personal favorites! This show is about four people who get stuck in an elevator together when the power goes out, leading to a discussion about love and relationships…which then leads, improbably, to one of them suggesting a game where they all switch partners on a rotating basis. Hijinks (and maybe some romances) ensue.
- “Watashi ga Renai Dekinai Riyuu.” Translating roughly to “The reason I can’t find love,” “Watashi ga Renai Dekinai Riyuu” is about the daily lives, and relationship ups-and-downs, of three women who become roommates and friends.
And for more profession-specific vocab…
- “Hanzawa Naoki” is about a loan manager caught up in a bank scandal. A second season is coming out this year.
- “Juui Dolittle” is about a vet who doesn’t actually talk to animals, but does get along better with them than with most people.
- “Abarenbo Mama” is about a newly married couple adjusting to the unexpected arrival of the husband’s young son from a former relationship. The husband is a hairdresser who works out of his home.
- “Rich Man, Poor Woman” is about the relationship between the reclusive, wealthy CEO of an IT company and a college student in need of a job.
Don’t Worry, There’s Something for Everyone
None of those grab your attention? Interested in learning vocab for a different topic? There’s probably a drama that can help.
Just search on Google (or your search engine of choice) for “Japanese drama about [topic]” to get some ideas. You can also ask for recommendations, either from friends or on drama-related forums.
Whatever show you choose, remember the fun factor. Watching a whole series will help the topic-specific words and phrases stick more because you’re hearing them again and again, but don’t suffer through a show you don’t actually like.
If you’re bored with a drama, move on.
There’s plenty more out there!
Katie O’Hara is a writer, editor and blogger with a long and varied history of learning Japanese. (Pro tip: Don’t mention the city of Fukuoka to her unless you really want to hear how much cooler it is than everywhere else, at length.)
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