On your mark, get set, go!
Whether taking a break from checking out the Neuschwanstein Castle during your travels or while pausing between your German classes, a footrace with friends is a great way to pass time. But for you, it’ll be much more fun if you can count how fast you are in German.
Learning about numbers is one way to get started on the way to counting efficiently, but putting it into practice is a guaranteed way to form a German counting habit.
Back in my German high school class, it was required to count outline bullet points in German when giving a PowerPoint presentation. Why was this the case? Because if any of us eventually went on to do business in German, this was sure to come up.
Learning how to count in German is a great goal for beginners, because you can find some fun ways to commit the sequences to memory. Whether you count out the page numbers in a book or how many German TED Talks you’ve seen, numbers are all over the place for your using.
Why Is Learning to Count in German so Imperative?
Some learners find counting rudimentary, so they simply learn the numbers and move onto more advanced words and phrases. However, we can’t stress enough how essential it is to commit German counting to habit, because it comes up in life more than you would expect.
- Counting is almost always required if you plan on getting a job in Germany, or a job with German people. Can you imagine trying to take a tally of people in a meeting or giving a presentation with outline numbers—without knowing how to count in German?
- It’s easier to count money during travels. The chances of getting ripped off from a foreign vendor diminish when you can count money for yourself in the local language.
- You may need, or want, to complete math and science classes in German. Whether studying abroad or living in Germany for a bit, I can’t imagine most teachers would let you have a cheat sheet just for counting and adding.
- Keeping track of your friends on a trip is more fun when you count in German. This is a great safety measure and a method for introducing language learning into your trip.
- Recipes written in German have lots of numbers and metrics. Count out the number of tablespoons or cups the recipe requires so you end up with a tasty creation.
- You may need to time someone in German. This sometimes occurs in the office or if you plan on challenging one of your buddies to a race.
- Counting is helpful for asking for and telling directions, considering some addresses and public transportation options have numbers.
- It’s nice for when you try to order a few steins and have to tell the waiter how many. Pronunciation is key here, since you’ll often need to yell over a crowd after counting how many friends you have at the table.
- Counting is also helpful to tell time. Sometimes you need to count the hands on a clock to approximate the right time.
Neat Ways You Can Practice Numbers and Counting
Reading through a list of numbers (like we’re going to do in a bit), is a necessity when getting started. But you’ll never commit those numbers to memory or learn to count in German if you don’t practice on a daily basis.
Here are some ways to bring counting into your schedule:
- Count your steps. Start counting the steps (in German) every time you go up or down a set of stairs. This will become habit and ingrain the counting process into your head without even knowing it.
- Listen to counting videos. Here’s a video that counts from one to ten, and here’s another with numbers from 11 to 100. For additional counting videos, enhanced with learning tools and interactive captions, try FluentU.You can count on FluentU to bring you new, fascinating, native-speaker video. Give it a try today with the free trial, and make your German study time count!
- Bring German numbers and counting into your cooking. If you’re one of those folks who likes to cook for yourself at home, consider printing out recipes in German. Even if you’re using a recipe in English, several numbers are scattered throughout the ingredients and procedures, so when you need to count out how many cups are being used in a recipe, do it in German.
- Put it to a tune. Sometimes it’s much easier to remember the sequence of numbers when a melody is put behind it. Therefore, check out videos like this one to get a song stuck in your head.
- Bring your German counting to the gym. Whether lifting weights or doing crunches, counting your reps and sets comes into play for improving yourself physically. This is the perfect time to run through your German counting in your head or out loud.
- Call out German numbers when flipping through channels. Watching TV doesn’t always have to be mind numbing. In fact, many people have thousands of channels, so this gives you a chance to look at a number like 653 and say it out loud in German.
- Try online games, puzzles and activities. From matching games to quizzes and memory activities, the Internet is packed with opportunities for you to practice and test out your German numbers knowledge.
Counting from 1 to 20
Click “Pronunciation” next to any number to hear it pronounced in German.
- 1 – eins – Pronunciation
- 2 – zwei – Pronunciation
- 3 – drei – Pronunciation
- 4 – vier – Pronunciation
- 5 – fünf – Pronunciation
- 6 – sechs – Pronunciation
- 7 – sieben – Pronunciation
- 8 – acht – Pronunciation
- 9 – neun – Pronunciation
- 10 – zehn – Pronunciation
- 11 – elf – Pronunciation
- 12 – zwölf – Pronunciation
- 13 – dreizehn – Pronunciation
- 14 – vierzehn – Pronunciation
- 15 – fünfzehn – Pronunciation
- 16 – sechzehn – Pronunciation
- 17 – siebzehn – Pronunciation
- 18 – achtzehn – Pronunciation
- 19 – neunzehn – Pronunciation
- 20 – zwanzig – Pronunciation
Counting from 21 to 99
Once you get past 20, the German numbers start sounding strange compared to English. The number order is backwards with higher numbers (i.e. drei und zwanzig for 23.) Looked at literally, this number says “three and twenty,” so you put the ones digit number first, include an “und” (and) and say the word “twenty” in German. This process stays consistent all the way up to 99.
If we count by tens, the numbers are pretty straightforward.
- 30 – dreißig – Pronunciation
- 40 – vierzig – Pronunciation
- 50 – fünfzig – Pronunciation
- 60 – sechzig – Pronunciation
- 70 – siebzig – Pronunciation
- 80 – achtzig – Pronunciation
- 90 – neunzig – Pronunciation
But once you work with more specific numbers, you’ll see how the second digit is stated first in German:
- 33 – dreiunddreißig – Pronunciation
- 51 – einundfünfzig – Pronunciation
- 77 – siebenundsiebzig – Pronunciation
- 82 – zweiundachtzig – Pronunciation
- 99 – neunundneunzig – Pronunciation
Important: Notice how the teens are slightly different from the the way you’d say numbers like 20 and 30. Zehn (ten) is placed at the end of each word for the teens, while zig or ßig (umpteen) is put at the end for higher numbers.
Take a moment to randomly pick out numbers to see if you can create the German version. Since we’re learning how to count, we recommend starting with sets of 10, so working through a set like 50 to 59 is a great way to get these increments into your head.
- 50 – fünfzig – Pronunciation
- 51 – einundfünfzig – Pronunciation
- 52 – zweiundfünfzig – Pronunciation
- 53 – dreiundfünfzig – Pronunciation
- 54 – vierundfünfzig – Pronunciation
- 55 – fünfundfünfzig – Pronunciation
- 56 – sechsundfünfzig – Pronunciation
- 57 – siebenundfünfzig – Pronunciation
- 58 – achtundfünfzig – Pronunciation
- 59 – neunundfünfzig – Pronunciation
Counting to 100, 1000, 10000, 1 Million and Beyond
Once you reach the hundreds, it becomes a little more logical in number sequence.
- 100 – (ein)hundert
- 1,000 – (ein)tausend
- 10,000 – zehntausend
- 200,000 – zweihunderttausend
- 1 million – eine Million
Keep in mind, however, that when counting in this high range of numbers, you still use the same structure if you have numbers like 22 or 45 tagged onto the end of the 1,000 or 10,000.
- 1,220 – tausendzweihundertzwanzig (To help you out with the number structure in German, the literal translation for this would be “one thousand two hundred twenty.”)
- 1,221 – tausendzweihunderteinundzwanzig
- 1,222 – tausendzweihundertzweiundzwanzig
- 1,223 – tausendzweihundertdreiundzwanzig
As you can see, the sequence of numbers is fairly similar to the way in which you would say it in English, except the words are smashed together and you have to remember to follow the rules for numbers between 20 and 99. So, for 9,999, it would be neuntausendneunhundertneunundneunzig, or more literally, nine thousand nine hundred nine and ninety.
Now, Get Counting!
Chances are, you’ll rarely have to count up to one million, but if you’re doing business and counting money, or pulling a Ron Burgundy to impress someone with how many curls you can do, counting in the thousands is not an unheard of practice.
Your best bet is to stick with some of the methods for practicing counting and numbers, so bring German into your workouts, count the number of steps on a staircase and play around with German counting exercises online. After a while, counting in German will become second nature, and you’ll be counting German sheep as you go to bed.
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