The English Advantage: 76 Glorious English Words Derived from German
German-derived English words are amazing.
They’re fun to say, pop up in various cultural references (like movies, TV shows and songs) and they even assist you with gaining fluency in German.
Keep reading if you’d like to learn about some intriguing, more commonly-used English words derived from German.
- Why Does It Help to Know English Words Derived from German?
- 76 English Words Derived from German
- 1. Abseil
- 2. Ansatz
- 3. Autobahn
- 4. Anschluss
- 5. Automat
- 6. Achtung
- 7. Angst
- 8. Blitz
- 9. Bildungsroman
- 10. Bagel
- 11. Bratwurst
- 12. Bretzel
- 13. Carabiner
- 14. Cobalt
- 15. Cringle
- 16. Delicatessen
- 17. Doppelgänger
- 18. Dachshund
- 19. Edelweiss
- 20. Echt
- 21. Eiderdown
- 22. Einkorn
- 23. Ersatz
- 24. Fest
- 25. Flak
- 26. Feldspar
- 27. Fife
- 28. Gestalt
- 29. Götterdämmerung
- 30. Gedankenexperiment
- 31. Gelandesprung
- 32. Gesundheit
- 33. Gestapo
- 34. Graupel
- 35. Hinterland
- 36. Hamster
- 37. Haversack
- 38. Homburg
- 39. Kitsch
- 40. Kaput
- 41. Kindergarten
- 42. Kraut
- 43. Knapsack
- 44. Kohlrabi
- 45. Kuchen
- 46. Leitmotif
- 47. Liverwurst
- 48. Langlauf
- 49. Lederhosen
- 50. Nazi
- 51. Noodle
- 52. Nosh
- 53. Poltergeist
- 54. Putsch
- 55. Panzer
- 56. Pitchblende
- 57. Prattle
- 58. Pumpernickel
- 59. Rucksack
- 60. Reich
- 61. Schadenfreude
- 62. Sauerbraten
- 63. Schnauzer
- 64. Schnapps
- 65. Seltzer
- 66. Sparerib
- 67. Spritz
- 68. Ubermensch
- 69. Wanderlust
- 70. Weltanschauung
- 71. Weltschmerz
- 72. Wunderkind
- 73. Wagnerian
- 74. Waltz
- 75. Zeitgeist
- 76. Zeppelin
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Why Does It Help to Know English Words Derived from German?
Since so many English words have come from German, this offers a unique chance to learn quicker. Basically, if the English word has derived from German you have a better chance of remembering it, since it has the same—or similar—look and sound in both languages.
When you have a list of these words, you can commit them to memory rather quickly and cut out much confusion while learning down the road.
Don’t forget to delve into some authentic German content to understand how these words are used by native speakers. Whether it means movie-binging or using a virtual immersion platform like FluentU, you’ll pick up richer definitions of each word simply from context.
Learning about derived words also gives you a solid look into the history of Germany and its relationship with English-speaking nations, since many of the words have to do with politics, music and science.
Note: Unless the German definition is explicitly mentioned, the English definition described is the same meaning as the German word it came from.
76 English Words Derived from German
The word abseil is commonly used by rock climbers when they talk about descending by rope. Although you would generally say that you are abseiling, another less German way to refer to this action is by saying you’re rappelling.
An ansatz is similar to a hypothesis, in that it is used in math and science in reference to making an educated guess that will later be tested and verified. In German it has a more literal meaning about the initial placement of a tool for work purposes.
Referring to the famous highway in Germany where drivers abide by no speed limits, the word Autobahn has transferred to the English language to mean a mere expressway. Many tourist attractions use this name, such as the Autobahn Indoor Speedway in Alabama.
Although this word means connection, it comes from the forced integration of Austria with Nazi Germany.
This one is fairly simple, since it refers to a machine that takes money and serves food or drink, typically at fast food restaurants. It’s not that common of a word anymore, but we still see vending machines, which are a form of automat.
The word achtung means “attention,” yet we’ve seen it in several cultural references such as the U2 album “Achtung Baby.”
The word angst implies a feeling of anxiety or depression in the English language.
Blitz is an interesting word, because in English it technically means lightning, but I don’t know anyone who says blitz when they see a lighting storm. In German, it’s only used literally (lightning war), such as the rapid military ground attacks called Blitzkrieg in World War II.
A more common use of the word in English would be a blitz by the defense on an American football quarterback.
Both in German and English, a Bildungsroman is a coming of age story. This is actually a compound word in German coming from the joining of Bildung meaning “education” and roman meaning “novel.”
Many English speaking people use this word every morning, and this tasty bread food actually comes from Poland, but Germans also called them bagels or beigels.
As one of the most popular sausages in Germany, English-speaking folks enjoy grilling and talking about these as well. (Editor’s note: Shout-out to Madison, Wisconsin—home of the World’s Largest Brat Fest!)
A rather popular sandwich shop in the US is called Hannah’s Bretzel, and the word is referring to a pretzel. It can either be a hard or soft pretzel.
The German word karabinerhaken is a spring hook safety system used on German rifles. In English-speaking countries the word “carabiner” derived from that, but it’s mainly talking about a metal safety loop employed by rock climbers.
Cobalt is both an element and a color, and it’s found in the earth’s crust and on the periodic table at number 27.
A cringle is an area of a boat in which you would pass a rope.
You may know this as the word “deli,” yet you’ll still find many shops that have the word “delicatessen” plastered on the sign. It refers to a place that sells delicacies like cheeses and meats. Delicatessen includes two separate German words: delikat means “delicious” and essen means “to eat.”
“Doppelgänger” has gained much traction in pop culture (used quite a bit in “How I Met Your Mother”), and it means when you see someone who looks exactly like someone you know. It’s often used in literature and refers to a supernatural phenomenon where the person looks like they have been duplicated.
As you may know, the word Hund in German means dog. Pair that with Dachs and you get a badger dog, which simply means a breed of dog with a long body and short legs in English.
Made popular by the “The Sound of Music” song by the same name, Edelweiss is a beautiful white flower that is seen quite a bit during the Christmas season.
In fact, this word is another combination of edel meaning “elegant” and weiß which is the color “white.”
There’s not much to this one. “Echt” means typical or authentic.
This refers to the small, soft feathers of a duck, often used for blankets or comforters.
Einkorn is an ancient type of wheat, and it was grown in Germany, but many farmers around the world are trying to bring it back.
Ersatz is what some might call a knockoff, in that it’s a product that is created as an inferior substitute.
If you plan on going to a party or celebration, you can tell everyone that the word “fest” came from Germany, like when it’s used for the feasts of Oktoberfest and Maifest.
Has anyone ever told you, “Stop giving me flak”? The actual German definition for this is an air defense cannon, but English folks say it when talking about criticism.
The Germans called this Feldspat, but in the English-speaking world it’s called “feldspar,” and it’s a type of rock that forms 60% of the world’s crust.
A fife is a small, high-pitched flute.
Gestalt is a theory of the mind, which is thought to have originated in Berlin. It refers to something that is more than the sum of its parts.
The rather fun götterdämmerung word is used to talk about a catastrophic event in English, but in German mythology it marks the downfall of the gods. This comes from the two German words Götter (gods) and Dämmerung, which refers to the twilight at dusk.
The German word Gedankenexperiment is composed of two different parts: Gedanken meaning “thought” and experiment which is an exact equivalent to the English word “experiment.”
Together, we get the meaning “thought experiment” from gedankenexperiment. This word was popularized by Albert Einstein in both English and German to refer to the use of complex mental reasoning instead of actual physical evidence as proof of his theories in physics.
For those skiing fans out there, this word is referring to a ski jump, generally over an obstacle. You can even see it posted on the sign of the Gelandesprung Ski Club in Green Bay, Wisconsin.
This word’s literal meaning is “health” in German, but it can be used after a sneeze to mean “bless you.” People of all languages use it around the world.
This is an interesting word, because although it simply means a police force in German, Gestapo has a negative connotation throughout the rest of the world, because of how the World War II Gestapo lead the way to a mass genocide.
You may hear a meteorologist use this word when talking about literal particles of snow, often called snow pellets or soft hail.
A word that means “backwoods,” or “the land behind,” hinterland mainly refers to wilderness areas in both the German and English languages.
A hamster is the furry little creature many people keep as pets, but the word is considered to come from Germany.
A haversack is a bag with one strap, which some working people or bicyclists use.
Winston Churchill was known for wearing a homburg. It’s a felt hat with a dent in the top and an upward brim going around the sides.
A kitsch is something of low taste or quality, often used when talking about art or design. No, it doesn’t have anything to do with actor Taylor Kitsch.
“This car is kaput!” If you say that in English, it means that the car is not working or broken. The word has the same meaning in German.
This is the grade before first grade. In German the word literally means “child garden.”
Kraut, as used in both English and German, is a type of cabbage.
One might call this a backpack or book bag.
Similar to kraut, kohlrabi is also a type of cabbage.
Kuchen is the actual word used for cake in German, but in English-speaking countries it could refer to a wide variety of desserts and pastries.
As popularized by people like John Williams and Richard Wagner, a leitmotif is a short, recurring literary or musical theme.
The Germans call it Leberwurst, from the German words Leber (liver) and Wurst (sausage), but English-speaking people know this tasty sausage and spread as liverwurst.
Langlauf usually means some sort of cross country skiing, but others use it for cross country running as well.
You’ll see these all over the place at Oktoberfest celebrations around the world. Lederhosen are the popular, and traditional, leather shorts worn by men. This comes from the German words Leder (leather) and Hose (pants)
The word Nazi once denoted a person or idea associated with the National Socialist political party, but now it’s associated with tyranny and Hitler. Therefore, when someone calls another person a Nazi, it simply means they are a fanatical person.
From the German word Nudel, this is a popular pasta food we all know and love.
If you were to say, “I’m filling the cooler with some nosh,” you’d be talking about food.
The “Poltergeist” film series is how most English-speaking people know about this word, but it refers to a noisy ghost or a spiritual force that moves around objects.
A putsch is an attempt to overthrow a government, generally with violent force.
Panzer technically means “armor” in German, but it’s become synonymous with the light German military tank.
This is merely a form of the mineral uraninite.
Foolish talking is all too common, so if you’d like to tell someone that they are talking too much nonsense, say they are spewing prattle.
Pumpernickel is a dark, compressed bread, sold all over the world.
Hikers generally use this word in English to mean a backpack. In fact, the most common use of the word is in the military. The literal German translation is “back sack,” but it’s still referring to the same item, a backpack.
In German, this word has use for the term “empire” or as part of the name of a nationalized service, like the post office. However, since the Third Reich, the word has deep connections with the tyranny of Hitler’s reign. This tyranny is the primary meaning in the English-speaking world.
Some might call this type of person a sadist, but the Germans gave English-speaking people another word for it: Schadenfreude. It means a person who takes pleasure from others’ misfortune. Schadenfreude comes from the joining of two seemingly opposite words: Schaden meaning “damage” or “harm” and Freude meaning “joy” or “pleasure.”
Although it’s still technically a completely German word, many English-speaking people use it to refer to a German pot roast.
This breed of dog comes straight from Germany, and the breed name typically means mustache or snout.
Anyone who drinks has probably heard of Schnapps at some point. The distilled beverage is spelled as schnaps in German.
The word seltzer means a type of soda or carbonated water.
A sparerib, often used as two words, is a pork or beef rib.
You may think this is slang, but it’s actually a real English and German word. Do you want a spritz of water on this hot day? It means a small bit of liquid.
Ubermensch (or Übermensch, per the original German that literally translates to “more than human”) comes directly from a philosophy by Friedrich Nietzsche that is basically the opposite of Christianity, in that he somewhat criticizes those who strive for other-worldliness, like heaven.
An Ubermensch is one who sticks to the beauty of her own world and embraces it. This German meaning of Ubermensch is supposed to transcend to all languages, but the word causes much confusion, since the direct English translation of ubermensch is “superman,” which is not what Nietzsche initially intended.
This is a common word nowadays, and it was also the title of a film with Paul Rudd. It means a strong desire to travel around the world, coming from a combination of the German words Wander (wander) and Lust (desire).
Weltanschauung refers to what one might call a world view, or an all-encompassing view on existence as a whole. This comes from the German word Welt (world) and Anschauung (optimism).
The Weltschmerz word was coined by German author Jean Paul, indicating the impossible ability of the mind to comprehend our physical reality. The direct German translation is “world pain.”
When your child pops out and starts playing the guitar like a pro at two years of age, you can start calling them a wunderkind. It literally means “wonder child” in German, or a child prodigy in English.
If someone calls you a Wagnerian, you are a follower of composer Richard Wagner.
The waltz is a formal dance in both German and English.
When someone talks about a zeitgeist in English, it pertains to a worldview or overall mentality of a large group of people. In German it means “time ghost.”
A Zeppelin is a type of large airship named after its inventor, and English people use it the same way as Germans. Led Zeppelin is a nice cultural reference to the word. Legend has it that a friend of Jimmy Page said the band would either take off, or fall like a lead Zeppelin. Page took out the “a” in “lead” to complete his band name.
Now that you’ve had a chance to review some pretty cool English words derived from the German language, try to use them for easily remembering grammar while speaking German, or bring up how the words came to be as a conversation starter!
Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. (Download)