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10 Riddles in French (With Translations and Answers)

Riddles in the French language can help you in a myriad of ways once you arrive in the land of baguette, wine and amour (love)!

Simply put, practicing French using riddles is an excellent way to improve your language skills and prepare for a trip abroad.

In this guide, I’ll give you some examples of interesting French riddles along with their answers and translations.

Don’t miss out on the fluency fun and learn more below!


“Who Am I?” Riddles

The following riddles are styled as “Who am I?” riddles made famous by J.R.R. Tolkien’s battle of wits between Bilbo Baggins and Gollum in “The Hobbit” chapter entitled “Riddles in the Dark.”

Riddle 1

Toujours le premier, jamais le dernier,
Rien sans lui n’est jamais fini
Car rien ne peut commencer sans lui.
Qui est-il?

Always the first, never the last,
Nothing can finish without it
Because nothing can start without it.
What is it?

Answer 1

Le début (the beginning)

Riddle 2

J’ai un chapeau mais pas de tête.
J’ai un pied mais pas de jambe.
Qui suis-je?

I have a cap but no head.
I have a foot but no leg.
Who am I?

You’ll need to think about the French words for this one, as their English equivalents don’t really match up.

Answer 2

Un champignon (a mushroom)

Here, the answer makes sense only in French, as pied (foot) can also be used to refer to the stalk of a mushroom.

Riddle 3

On en jette l’extérieur et on en cuit l’intérieur.
Ensuite, on mange l’extérieur et on jette l’intérieur.
De quoi s’agit-il?

You throw away the outside and cook the inside.
Then, you eat the outside and throw away the inside.
Of what am I speaking?

Answer 3

Un épi de maïs (a corncob)

Riddle 4

Je suis ce que je suis.
Mais je ne suis pas ce que je suis.
Car si j’étais ce que je suis,
Je ne serais pas ce que je suis.
Que suis-je?

I am what I am.
But I am not what I follow.
Because if I were what I follow,
I would not be what I am.
What am I?

Answer 4

Un berger (a shepherd)

The key to understanding this riddle is in the word suis, which can be either the first-person conjugated form of être (to be) or suivre (to follow).

At first glance, one believes the riddle to simply use je suis (I am) repeatedly, but the key is figuring out that sometimes je suis means “I am” and sometimes it means “I follow.”


The next few puzzles are enigmas that would stump even Batman’s nemesis, Nygma!

Riddle 5

Qu’est-ce qui a des ailes et ne vole pas?

What has wings but doesn’t fly?

This is another one where only the French version will help you.

Answer 5

Un moulin (a windmill)

While in English, we refer to vanes, sails or blades on a windmill, in French, they use ailes (wings).

Riddle 6

Qu’est-ce qu’un hippopotame qui fait du camping?

What is a hippopotamus who camps?

Answer 6

Un hippocampe (a hippocampus)

Riddle 7

Qu’est-ce qui sépare l’eau de l’air?

What separates water from air?

Hint: focus exclusively on the French version, listening rather than reading!

Answer 7

Le papier toilette (toilet paper)

This one requires an explanation, as you’ll only understand it using French.

In the riddle, l’eau (water) and l’air (air) are actually meant to be thought of by their sounds, which makes them the letters O and R, respectively. The letters between O and R are of course P and Q. And in French, PQ is sometimes how one refers to papier toilette (toilet paper).

It’s truly necessary to think in French when solving French riddles!

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Mysterious Scenario Riddles

The last several riddles are set up as mysterious scenarios that only the next Sherlock Holmes can solve!

Riddle 8

Avant-hier, Catherine avait 17 ans.
L’année prochaine, elle aura 20 ans.
Comment est-ce possible?

The day before yesterday, Catherine was 17-years-old.
Next year, she will be 20-years-old.
How is this possible?

Answer 8

It’s possible because her birthday is December 31.

Yesterday was December 31. She turned 18-years-old. This year, she will turn 19-years-old and next year, she will turn 20-years-old.

Riddle 9

J’ai quelque chose dans ma poche mais ma poche est vide.
Qu’est-ce que c’est?

I have something in my pocket but my pocket is empty.
What is it?

Answer 9:

Un trou (a hole)

Riddle 10

Il y a une prêtresse de la tribu. Elle répond toujours clairement par oui ou non. Quelle question pourriez-vous poser pour qu’elle se trompe?

There’s a tribe priestess. She always responds with either a “yes” or a “no.” What question can you ask her to cause her to make a mistake?

Answer 10:

Est-ce que le prochain mot que tu vas dire “non?”

Will the next word that you say be “no?”


Now that you’ve put your deductive skills to the test, it’s time to keep improving your French and solving your way all the way to fluency!

And one more thing...

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All throughout, FluentU tracks the vocabulary that you’re learning and uses this information to give you a totally personalized experience. It gives you extra practice with difficult words—and reminds you when it’s time to review what you’ve learned.

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