ça va

Ça Va: The All-purpose French Expression and How to Use It Like a Pro Pastry Chef

Ça va.

It is one of the first things you will encounter as a débutant (a beginner) in French.

Because like allpurpose flour, ça va is a common and versatile expression used in a variety of different ways.

So let’s take a look at this small but mighty creature.


The Straightforward Meaning of Ça Va

Let’s get old school and go back to the classroom.

You are (insert age here) years old and just trying to make it through life let alone another French class.

Many language teachers do not go into detail about literal translations, which can sometimes be a good reference point to start with.

The literal translation of ça va is “it goes” or “that goes.”

This expression is most commonly used to ask how someone is doing, even if you are not necessarily expecting or wanting a reply.

Salut, ça va? (Hi, how are you?/how are things?/how is it going?)

The register of this expression is classified as informal, which means that you need to exercise caution when using it in certain situations, especially with those you would address using vous (you—formal/plural) rather than tu (you—informal/singular).

I will be using the latter for the rest of the article, as well as occasionally dropping the “ne” in the negative, which is often omitted in informal conversations.

Ça Va as a Response

Ça va in the positive

Now that you have asked how someone is, or as in the above example, somebody has just asked you; you are going to need to know how to reply.


Simply respond with ça va in a neutral to positive tone of voice—only if you are feeling that way, of course!

In doing so, you are letting the speaker know that life is going okay.

Ça va. (I am fine./Everything is good.)

To strengthen this feeling (or make it more emphatic), you can add a positive adverb such as bien (well).

Ça va bien. (Things are going well.)

Ça va in the negative

Many French learners think that the expression comme si, comme ça (like this, like that) is the appropriate thing to say at this point, especially if you are feeling “so-so.”

The truth is that while understandable to francophones, this is not the well-used expression anglophones think it is.

You are more likely to hear ça va in the positive form but spoken in a tone of voice that indicates the speaker is not feeling wonderful for whatever reason.

If you want to be more explicit about your negative feeling, you can simply respond with:

Ça (ne) va pas. (Everything is not good./I am not okay.)

You can also express this by using the adverb mal (badly).

Ça va mal. (Things are not going well.)

Ça Va and Fashion

Does this dress make me look fat?

Before we strike a pose, did you know that the va in ça va is the third-person singular of the verb aller (to go)?

Aller à (qqn) is used when you want to say that an item of clothing suits or looks good on somebody.

Let’s imagine that I have just walked out of a fitting room in a rather becoming pair of trousers. We are close friends (i.e., we use tu) and you want to compliment me on my astute fashion sense by saying, “hey, those trousers look great on you!”

In which case, you can say:

Ça te va bien! (That really suits you!)

Or if you think I look hideous but want to be polite and honest:

Ça te va pas. (That does not suit you.)

Using Ça Va to Call in Sick

Whether you are too tired the next day after an exhausting trouser shopping spree or are genuinely feeling a bit under the weather, there are two nifty expressions you can use to express this, especially if you need to call out of work:

Je ne me sens pas bien. (I do not feel well.)

Ça ne va pas. (I do not feel well.)

Let’s look at a possible exchange between you and your boss:

Boss: Bonjour __, c’est très tôt—ça ne va pas ? (Hello__, it is very early—is there something wrong?/are you sick?)

You: Oui monsieur/madame, ça ne va pas du tout. Je crois que j’ai une gastro-entérite. (Yes, sir/madame, I do not feel well at all. I think I have gastroenteritis.)

Totally in Agreement with Ça Va

Do you want to learn how to use ça va to keep everyone happy?

Ça va is often used when you want to know if what you are proposing is acceptable to someone else.

It can begin the sentence as in:

Ça (te) va si j’achète cette voiture? (Is it okay if I buy this car?)

Or at the end of a sentence as a quick confirmation:

Je veux y aller ce soir—ça (te) va? (I want to go there tonight—is that alright?)

Let’s look at some more examples:

Ça te va si je m’assois là? (Is it alright if I sit there?)

Je peux manger le sandwich qui reste—ça (te) va? (Can I eat the leftover sandwich—is that okay?)

Everything Will Be Alright Using Ça Va

Ça va can be used to mean that something will happen.

The construction ça va + infinitive indicates that something will happen in the future.

Let’s say you are having a really bad day—you got a parking ticket, spilled soda down the front of your shirt before a meeting and dropped your front door key down a deep crack in the sidewalk.

You are feeling low and decide to share the story of your day with a friend.

In this situation, they might respond with something like:

Ça va passer. (It will pass.)

Ça va aller. (It will be alright.)

You can of course alter the meaning to say that something will happen in a negative sense using mal (badly) as we have encountered before:

Ça va mal finir. (It is going to end badly.)

Ça Va with Plural Nouns

Ça va can be used to ask how everyone is doing.

As much importance as French places on agreement, this is one situation when learners can happily throw the rulebook out the window.

So, if there is a whole group of guys at a party and you want to ask how all of them are doing, you can walk in and say:

Ça va les gars? (How is it going guys?)

Notice that les gars is plural, but the verb does not conjugate to agree with this.

Another example situation where ça va can be used in this way is when a parent comes into their daughter’s bedroom to ask how her homework is going:

Comment ça va les devoirs? (How is the homework going?)

Using Ça Va to Say Sparks Will Fly

There are a few expressions that begin with ça va that indicate that a future situation is going to be difficult, or more accurately “heated.”

You: Mais qu’est-ce qui se passe? (What is happening?)

Friend: Jean a encore joué un tour à Pierre. Ça va barder. (Jean has played another trick on Pierre. Things are going to get heated).

Ça va barder/ça va chauffer (sparks will fly/things are going to get heated) build upon what we have already established in terms of using ça va to talk about the future.

But, this usage takes it one step further in your French learning. With this particular usage, you are going beyond studying grammatical constructions to actually using the language naturally—as in using everyday expressions that take you closer to proficiency.

Shooting Someone Down (Figuratively) with Ça Va

That is a bit rich—and I do not mean the cake!

There are times when someone is being hypocritical and not in a position to justify what they are saying.

Maybe your friend is always making fun of how tasteless your baking is when they cannot even bake themselves!

In English (and sticking with the cake theme) we might say something like:”that is rich coming from you!” or “you can talk!”

Equally, there are multiple ways to express this idea in French, but this one might be the very thing to sum up this tasty menu of ça va:

Ça te va bien! (Figuratively—that is rich coming from you!)

Notice this is exactly the same turn of phrase as in the point about fashion. It is all about the way you say it here.

Practicing Ça Va

By now you are hopefully feeling a bit clearer about the multiple uses of ça va—our nifty, all-purpose friend.

Now that you are aware of the ways that it is used, you will likely start hearing it as you encounter French being spoken by native French speakers. How can you practice this expression so you can use it yourself?

You should aim to see ça va used in as much real native content as possible to provide context to its meanings. This is the media that native French speakers would consume. They’re also likely to feature realistic conversations that make good use of common expressions.

You have plenty of options, including reading French books, listening to French music, watching French TV shows and so forth. Locate ça va (you probably won’t have to search for too long) and note the scenario in which it’s used. 

Some French language learning programs can also help you practice ça va and other expressions in context. They can also offer their own unique tools to make things easier to remember in the long run.

For example, FluentU uses authentic French videos to teach French the way native speakers use it. Videos include movie trailers, TV show clips, news segments and other native French content. Each clip has interactive subtitles that explain the used vocabulary, including colloquial expressions, so that you learn their definition, grammatical basis and proper usage.

For example, you can see ça va used several times, both as a question and a response, in this clip from “The Little Prince” on FluentU:

Want even more practice? You can save both the question and the response versions of the expression to your flashcard decks and use the contextual video dictionary to view other clips that use them in the same context. You can also practice words on FluentU with personalized quizzes, which include speaking opportunities on the iOS and Android apps.

Of course, it’s also greatly helpful to have a “language buddy” that can help you practice ça va in casual conversation. This can be a fellow learner or a native speaker, and they can address specific rights or wrongs you make. 


Ça va is not as daunting as you might have originally thought, right? It is actually easier to use this expression correctly than not.

Now, all you need to do is go out there and start using ça va like a pro pastry chef!

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