months in chinese

How to Talk About the Months in Chinese (Gregorian and Lunar Calendars)

If you’re a beginner in Chinese, you’ll want to learn how to say the months in Mandarin.

You’ll should also know how to translate dates and related phrases so you can talk about appointments and or describe when something happened.

We’ll cover these important topics, as well as the celebrations during each calendar month and the Chinese lunar calendar.

Contents

The Calendar Months in Chinese

Here’s what the Gregorian calendar months are in Chinese, with supplementary details such as national holidays and special Chinese dates.

National holidays based on the lunar calendar are noted with 2021 dates.

一月 (yī yuè) — January

Although the big celebration in China is Lunar New Year, the Chinese government recognizes January 1 as a public holiday.

January 1: 新年 (xīnnián) — New Year’s Day

二月 (èr yuè) — February

Depending on the lunar calendar, the date for Chinese New Year can vary between the end of January to mid-February.

While the official dates for the Spring Festival are over after a week, celebrations usually continue for another week, ultimately ending with the Lantern Festival.

February 11: 除夕 (chúxì) — Lunar New Year’s Eve

February 12:  (yuándàn) — Lunar New Year’s Day

February 11-17: 春节 (chūnjié) — Spring Festival, Chinese New Year

February 26 (Lunar Month 1 Day 15): 元宵节 (yuánxiāo jié) — Lantern Festival

三月 (sān yuè) — March

March marks the first month of spring in China.

四月 (sì yuè) — April

The next public holiday after Chinese New Year is the Qingming Festival, where people pay their respects to their deceased ancestors.

April 4: 清明节 (qīng míng jié) — Qingming Festival, or Tomb Sweeping Day

五月 (wǔ yuè) — May

The two most notable dates in May include Labor Day and the fairly recent addition of Chinese Internet Valentine’s Day. The numbers 5.20 in Mandarin is a homophone of 我爱你 (wǒ ài nǐ), meaning “I love you” in Chinese.

May 1: 劳动节 (láodòng jié) — Labor Day

May 20: 五二零 (wǔ èr líng) — 5.20, or Chinese Internet Valentine’s Day

六月 (liù yuè) — June

June marks the beginning of summer in China. The main holiday of the month is the Dragon Boat Festival, which is also sometimes referred to as Poet’s Day.

June 1: 六一儿童节 (liùyī értóng jié) — (6.1) Children’s Day

June 14 (Lunar Month 5 Day 5): 端午节 (duān wǔ jié) — Dragon Boat Festival

June 21: 夏至 (xiàzhì) — Xiazhi Festival, Summer Solstice

七月 (qī yuè) — July

Early July is the start of the summer holidays for schools.

八月 (bā yuè) — August

August is full of observed holidays. For Army Day, soldiers usually get a half day off.

Although they do recognize International Fathers’ Day, China does have a day of their own. Because the date, 8.8 or 八八 (bābā), which is a homophone of 爸爸 (bà bà), meaning “dad,” August 8 seemed like an appropriate date to celebrate all the fathers out there.

Other notable days include Chinese Valentine’s Day, as well as the Ghost Festival, the day that spirits are said to roam the Earth.

August 1: 建军节 (jiàn jūn jié) — People’s Liberation Army Day

August 8: 父亲节 (fù qīn jié) — Chinese Fathers’ Day

August 14 (Lunar Month 7 Day 7): 七夕节 (qīxì jié) — Qixi Festival, Double Seventh Festival, Chinese Valentine’s Day

August 22 (Lunar Month 7 Day 15): 中元节 (zhōng yuán jié) — Zhongyuan Festival, Ghost Festival

九月 (jiǔ yuè) — September

September marks the beginning of fall in China. All schools resume classes by early September. The big holiday of the month is the Mid-Autumn Festival, which is sometimes referred to as the Mooncake Festival.

September 11 (Lunar Month 8 Day 15): 中秋节 (zhōngqiū jié) — Mid-Autumn Festival

十月 (shí yuè) — October

The second biggest holiday in China is National Day, which marks the beginning of the Golden Week. Another holiday in October is the Double Ninth Festival, an ancient holiday that involved drinking chrysanthemum wine and climbing mountains or towers.

October 1: 国庆日 (guóqìng rì) — National Day

October 1-7: 黄金周 (huángjīn zhōu) — Golden Week

October 14 (Lunar Month 9 Day 9): 重阳节 (chóngyáng jié) — Chongyang Festival, Double Ninth Festival

十一月 (shíyī yuè) — November

With the number 11 resembling bare sticks, 11.11 first came about as an anti-Valentine’s Day, which began in Nanjing University back in the ’90s. It has since grown to be the biggest online shopping event in the country and beyond.

November 11: 光棍节 (guānggùn jié) — Double 11, Singles’ Day, Bachelors’ Day

十二月 (shí’èr yuè) — December

December marks the beginning of the winter season in China, with the 21st being the winter solstice.

December 21 (Lunar Month 11 Day 15): 冬至 (dōngzhì) — Dongzhi Festival, Winter Solstice

Useful Phrases for Discussing the Months in Chinese

Now that you know how to say the months, let’s go over date notation, as well as vocabulary related to monthly appointments and such.

Proper Date Notation in Chinese

To say the date in Chinese, you’ll need to know the following words:

 (nián) — year

 (yuè) — month

() — day

Think big to small when writing or saying the date in Chinese. Thus, start by saying the year, month and then day.

If your birthday is July 15, 1990, your birthday in Chinese would be 一九九零年七月十五日 (yījiǔjiǔ líng nián qī yuè shíwǔ rì), which you can simplify to 1990715.

Alternatively, you can say  (hào) instead of  when talking about the date. is much more common in spoken Chinese.

Monthly-related Terms

What if you want to talk about nonspecific dates or ongoing events? Below are some key vocabulary for discussing appointments, past and future events, as well as recurring commitments.

Talking about previous months:

上(个)月 (shàng [gè] yuè) — last month

上(个)月初 (shàng [gè] yuèchū) — early last month

上(个)月下旬 (shàng [gè] yuè xiàxún) — late last month

六个月前 (liù gè yuè qián) — six months ago

Discussing this month:

这(个)月 (zhè[gè] yuè) — this month

本月 (běn yuè) — current/this month

本月初 (běn yuèchū) — early this month

本月晚些时候 (běn yuè wǎn xiē shíhòu) — later this month

Planning for the following months:

下(个)月 (xià [gè] yuè) — next month

下(个)月初 (xià [gè] yuèchū) — early next month

下(个)月下旬 (xià [gè] yuè xiàxún) — late next month

六个月后 (liù gè yuè hòu) — in six months time, six months from now

Recurring events:

每(个)月 (měi [gè] yuè) — every month

每月一次 (měi yuè yīcì) — monthly

双月 (shuāng yuè) — bimonthly, every two months, every other month

半月刊 (bànyuèkān) — semimonthly, twice a month

每六个月一次 (měi liù gè yuè yīcì) — once every six months

每月五日/号 (měi yuè wǔ rì/hào) — every fifth of the month

每年二月 (měinián èr yuè) — every February

Differences Between the Gregorian and Chinese Lunar Calendars

Let’s talk about the different calendars that China follows: the Gregorian calendar, known as 公历 (gōnglì), and the Chinese lunar calendar, known as 农历 (nónglì).

The Gregorian calendar is the calendar most of us are familiar with, and is based on Earth’s rotation and revolution around the sun. 

The lunar calendar, meanwhile, is based on the phases of the moon as well as the longitude of the sun.

You might’ve noticed that the dates of Chinese New Year are different every year. This is because they’re set according to the lunar calendar rather than the Gregorian calendar.

In one lunar year, there are 12 lunar terms and 24 solar terms. Note: the phrases “lunar term” and “lunar month” are used interchangeably.

Leap Year vs. Leap Month

Every four years is a leap year in the Gregorian calendar, where an additional day is included to sync up with the seasonal year.

Because a lunar term or month (29.5 days) is shorter than a Gregorian month, it also has a pattern in place where it re-synchronizes with the seasonal year. Instead of an additional day every four years, the lunar calendar has an extra term every 32 or 33 months.

Chinese Holidays Based on the Lunar Calendar

While some of the more modern Chinese holidays are celebrated on the same date every year (like Chinese Father’s Day and Chinese Internet Valentine’s Day), most of the big national holidays follow the Chinese solar/lunar calendar, as explained in this conversation below:

The first person in this dialogue celebrates his birthday according to the traditional Chinese calendar, which he further explains is based on the positions of the sun and the moon.

If you’re still confused, there are calendar converters online to help you figure out the dates of past and future holidays.

The Chinese Lunar Calendar

Each lunar term or month has a modern name but can also be referred to in its traditional name (which reflects what plant is in season).

Each month is also assigned an Earthly Branch, or an animal from the Chinese zodiac.

1. 正月 (zhēngyuè) — First Month

陬月 (zōuyuè) — Corner Month

寅月 (yínyuè) — Tiger Month

2. 二月 (èr yuè) — Second Month

杏月 (xìngyuè) — Apricot Month

卯月 (mǎoyuè) — Rabbit Month

3. 三月 (sān yuè) — Third Month

桃月 (táoyuè) — Peach Month

辰月 (chényuè) — Dragon Month

4. 四月 (sì yuè) — Fourth Month

梅月 (méiyuè) — Plum Flower Month

巳月 (sìyuè) — Snake Month

5. 五月 (wǔ yuè) — Fifth Month

榴月 (liúyuè) — Pomegranate Flower Month

午月 (wǔyuè) — Horse Month

6. 六月 (liù yuè) — Sixth Month

荷月 (héyuè) — Lotus Month

未月 (wèiyuè) — Goat Month

7. 七月 (qī yuè) — Seventh Month

兰月 (lányuè) — Orchid Month

申月 (shēnyuè) — Monkey Month

8. 八月 (bā yuè) — August

桂月 (guìyuè) — Osmanthus Month

酉月 (yǒuyuè) — Rooster Month

9. 九月 (jiǔ yuè) — September

菊月 (júyuè) — Chrysanthemum Month

戌月 (xūyuè) — Dog Month

10. 十月 (shí yuè) — October

露月 (lùyuè) — Dew Month

亥月 (hàiyuè) — Pig Month

11. 十一月 (shíyī yuè) — November

冬月 (dōngyuè) — Winter Month

子月 (zǐyuè) — Rat Month

12. 腊月 (làyuè) — End-of-the-Year Month, Preserved Meat Month

冰月 (bīngyuè) — Ice Month

丑月 (chǒuyuè) — Ox Month

 

Now, you should not only be able to write and talk about the date in Chinese, but also to have discussions about events relative to specific months (such as Chinese holidays).

You can even talk about the basics of the Chinese lunar/solar calendar if it ever comes up in conversation.

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