4 Quick Tips for Mastering German Compound Nouns
That 67 letter monster, if you can believe it, means the “legislative law for the monitoring of pork-meat labeling.”
Everyone has heard that German is a complicated language, but compound nouns like these take the biscuit. Or the bacon, if you prefer. For a foreign learner of German they can be a linguistic diamond; they’re more common than you think, so they can help with comprehension at any level and increase your ability to express yourself more creatively!
What Are German Compound Nouns?
Compound nouns are made up of 2 or more smaller words stuck together to make a brand new one. It keeps things quite simple; where in English you’d use 2 or 3 separate words, the Germans compress everything together. For example: Waiting Room in English is 2 words, but in German they would call it a Wartebereich or Wartezimmer.
The Challenge Every German Learner Faces
You’ve already managed to overcome a few German hurdles by learning tricky shortcuts and making sense of word order. Just like the rest, this grammar rule is a bit complicated but it has helped the German language develop in a really cool, unique way. Even among non-speakers the world over, German is notorious for its lengthy words.
On the other hand, this rule can be tricky for new language learners. The first potential problem is that not all compound nouns can be found in the dictionary. Germans often make up their own compound nouns by sticking two words together to form a new one, kind of the same way in which we would do with colloquial English. We might call something a thingy, or call a remote control a “zapper” or a “clicker”. An equally silly example in German is ein Unterwegsbier. This is the name of a beer that you might take with you on the way to a bar or a night-club as a “beer on the go” or “walking beer.” In Germany it’s legal to drink in public, and although this word does not appear in the dictionary it’s a very useful one to know!
To learn more German compound nouns that are used colloquially, one handy resource would be FluentU.
FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.
A Compound Noun Case Study: Rhabarberbarbara
My favorite example of how long and complicated German compound nouns can get is Rhabarberbarbara, or Rhubarb-Barbara.
“Rhubarb cake” in English is Rhubarbkuchen in German.
“Rhubarb-Barbara’s Bar” in English can be merged into Rhabarberbarbarabar in German.
Have a look at the video link . Don’t worry if you don’t understand all of the language if you’re just starting out; try and grasp the concept.
4 Quick Tips on German Compound Nouns
In light of this, here are some tips and tricks for helping you deal with this grammar rule. It’s hard to imagine ever learning every word in the dictionary, let alone all those used colloquially which don’t even appear in it, so don’t worry if you don’t get all of them. This is basically just to help you identify, understand and pick apart the complexities to make it more understandable!
It’s difficult to know where to start, but once you do, you’re rolling. Here are our top tips for detangling long, complicated-looking German words:
1. Don’t panic!
No matter how wildly long and confusing it looks, don’t give up. With persistence and know-how, any compound noun can be broken down and made comprehensible. The more your overall German vocabulary expands, the more compound nouns you will understand immediately.
2. Pretend it’s a word search
I know it feels like more work than your casual word search game, but it gets the job done. Scan the word. If you can find just one smaller word inside the big long word that you recognize, you’re a step closer to identifying the meaning. Let’s say you already knew that Rhabarber is the German word for rhubarb. You’d already be well on your way to understanding the entire word.
3. Look for the die Fuge- connector.
This is something common to all languages, you just may not have realized it was there before. They help sentences flow better by acting as a barrier between sounds which are difficult to merge together. Try saying “an apple” versus “a apple.” “An apple” is way easier, right?
For the same reason, Germans put letters in between sounds that are too hard to put together. The only noteworthy difference in German is that the connector sound becomes part of the same word. Here are some examples of where a connector is used:
|Der Hund– Dog||müde– Tired||Hund-e-müde– Dog-tired (adj.)|
|Das Schwein- Pig||Das Fleisch– Meat||Das Schwein-e-fleisch– Pork|
n or en:
|Die Kette- Chain||Der Raucher– Smoker||Der Kette-n-raucher– Chain smoker|
|Die Tinte– Ink||Der Klecks– Blot||Der Tinte-n-klecks– Inkblot|
|Der Schmerz- Pain||Das Geld– Money||Das Schmerz-ens-geld- Compensation (for pain)|
|Das Bild- Picture||Der Rahmen– frame||Der Bild-er-rahmen– picture frame|
|Der Geist– ghost||Der Fahrer- driver||Der Geist-er-fahrer- ghost driver (wrong-way driver)|
s or es:
|Das Jahr- Year||Die Zeit– Time||Die Jahr-es-zeit- season|
|Die Verbesserung– Improvement||Der Vorschlag– Suggestion||Der Verbesserung-s-vorschlag- suggestion for improvement|
|Die Hande– Hand||Die Fläche- Surface||Die Handfläche– Palm of a hand|
|Die Arbeit– Work||Der Nehmer– Taker||Der Arbeitnehmer– Employee|
It is also important to mention here that the gender of the word which comes last (der, die, das) will be the gender of the new compound word, as shown above. You might already know that a year in German is das Jahr – a neuter noun. But season/time of year takes feminine- die Jahreszeit because the stem of the word is Zeit and that is a feminine noun.
4. Try not to think in English
The moment at which you know you have mastered another language is the point at which you stop thinking “this is how you’d say it in English,” and you start merging the words together as if you were thinking in German. Any step towards this, however small, is a step in the right direction.
Good luck and happy word searching!
And One More Thing...
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