The Four Skills of the English Language: 18 Tips to Speak, Write, Listen and Read Better
What’s the secret to improving your English language skills?
In this post, I’ll discuss some tips, tricks and shortcuts that should help you read, write, speak and listen better in English.
Feel free to skip to the sections that apply most to you or read the entire post and make note of whatever advice you find useful.
Read on and start improving!
- Improve Your English Language Skills: Getting Started
- Speak Better English Right from Home
- Write More Accurately and Correctly
- Listen With More Ease and Better Comprehension
- Read Faster and Understand More
- And One More Thing...
Improve Your English Language Skills: Getting Started
Learning a language takes a lot of courage and commitment, and the very fact that you’re reading this is proof that you have it in you. So, congratulations!
The four secrets to language learning are: speaking, writing, listening and reading. If you want to become fluent in English, you’ll need to work on all four skills:
- Reading will improve your grammar, expand your vocabulary and grow your knowledge.
- Writing will allow you to text or write to anyone in English, as well as send emails and prepare reports, which are essential in the workplace.
- Speaking with confidence will let you express your thoughts and communicate in conversations and presentations.
- Listening will help you better understand what’s going on around you.
The quickest way to learn a language is to focus on your weaknesses and build on your strengths. Before we move on to how to develop these skills, you need to do some basic “homework.”
- Identify your weak and strong spots: Rank the four language skills (reading, writing, speaking and listening) in order of how difficult you find them, from easiest to most challenging. The skill that you find the hardest is the one that you’ll need to work on the most.
- Identify your English level proficiency: You might already know some English or you may be still trying to learn the basics. Either way, it’s always a good idea to take a free level test and find out where your skills are.
- You need a basic understanding of grammar: Memorizing grammar rules isn’t a good or fun way to learn English, but having a basic idea of sentence structure is important. Once the foundation is built, everything else becomes easier.
- You need a basic vocabulary: Knowing the most-used words will help a lot in the beginning. Being familiar with the common phrases and knowing certain terms will also help you a long way. In fact, keep a dictionary or a thesaurus on hand for quick reference.
Speak Better English Right from Home
Speaking fluently is one of the most useful skills, and if you’re a beginner or just shy, it may seem like an impossible task. But it’s not impossible! And with some practice, anyone can become a good speaker.
Having a personal tutor is a great idea if you’re really struggling (having trouble) but there are many other ways to improve your English speaking skills. Check out the tips below to get started!
1. Practice asking and answering questions
Understanding how sentences are formed is important, and you can start with the very basics: the order of words in a sentence. And one easy way to practice basic sentence structure is by asking and answering questions.
As you may already know, questions in English usually begin with one of the 5 Ws: when, where, what, why, which (and sometimes, how). Questions also usually have part of the answer already in them.
For example, let’s say that you see this question:
“Who walks the dogs?”
To answer, you can just fill in the “who”:
“Leila walks the dog.”
Once you know how to form and answer questions, you can ask yourself questions and try answering them. Here are some ideas:
- What do I want for breakfast today? (“Today, I want… for breakfast.”)
- What are some of the things I am proud of? (“I am proud of…”)
- Where do I want to go on vacation? (“I want to go on vacation to…”)
- How will I finish this task? (“I will finish this task by…”)
- Where do I want to be in five years? (“In five years, I want to be…”)
Asking and answering questions can get you used to the correct order of words that sounds natural.
By memorizing the format of asking and answering questions, you’ll improve your grammar skills and help get more confident with your English speaking.
2. Find a study partner to speak with
Finding an online study partner shouldn’t be difficult if you know where to look.
There are apps like HelloTalk or Tandem, where you can find native and other English speakers and practice speaking with them.
Many of the users are up for a language exchange so you can teach them your mother tongue in exchange for learning English.
You can also do a quick search on Facebook for groups about English language learning and study partners. Just remember to be polite and give timely replies. You’ll soon find a lot of eager learners like you who might be willing to get on an online call and practice speaking in a safe, judgment-free environment.
Here are two links to get you started:
3. Learn the most common expressions used in English conversations
Memorizing some things when it comes to English will help you a lot when you’re just getting started.
Knowing how to greet friends and strangers, ask for help or any information—these are some conversational phrases that you can learn in one sitting just by watching a video. It will then help you to move on to more complicated stuff.
Pick up on even more common vocabulary words and expressions by watching native English videos, like the kind you’ll find on FluentU.
FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.
Just watching isn’t enough, though! Make sure you repeat the words out loud. Speak in front of a mirror. Record yourself. Practice with your new language partner.
The more you practice, the easier it’ll be to speak English without worry!
4. Get perfect pronunciation with a voice-recognition app
If you’re a non-native speaker, learning how to pronounce correctly using British or American English may not come naturally to you.
This is where an app like ELSA can be your best friend. ELSA uses AI and the very best voice recognition technology to give instant feedback on your pronunciation.
With over 1,200 lessons and an interactive dictionary, you can spend just 10 minutes a day on this app and see the results quickly.
Write More Accurately and Correctly
From my own experience, I can confirm that writing is a skill that improves only with practice. The more you write, the better you’ll get.
But if writing as an activity doesn’t interest you much, maybe you can try one of the following approaches.
5. Keep a diary
The surest way to build a writing habit is to keep a diary and write in it every day. Since a diary is personal, no one else will read it or judge you for your mistakes, so you can be completely free and write whatever you feel like.
You can write about what you did during the day, your favorite memories or something you’re looking forward to. And on days when you feel too tired to write, you can skip the paragraphs and make a list or two, instead.
If you’re still searching for ideas, check out some writing prompts.
6. Use Grammarly
No one has perfect grammar—not even native speakers—and it’s perfectly normal to make grammatical mistakes.
But there are ways to minimize the grammar mistakes you make while you write, and one of the best is the AI writing tool, Grammarly.
You can install Grammarly on your web browser or your laptop and get instant checks of your grammar and punctuation and even feedback about why you’re wrong.
In short, you’ll get two major benefits:
- You’ll learn English grammar from your own mistakes.
- You won’t have to worry about sending a grammatically incorrect email to your boss, ever again.
7. Use the Hemingway Editor
Good writing is more than just the absence of grammar mistakes. You need to make sure that your writing is clear, and easy to read and understand.
The Hemingway Editor helps you to do just that by telling you how “readable” something is. The tool highlights all the words and sentences you need to change or modify in order to clarify your writing.
For instance, a purple highlight means that you should try to use a shorter word (it even suggests synonyms!). Green and blue highlights mean you’re using passive voice and too many adverbs, respectively. A red highlight is a sign that your sentence is too complicated and you should edit it for clarity.
It’s a fun and educational experience, so give it a try.
8. Try writing your own stories
Stories aren’t just entertainment—they help us make sense of the world. All of us have stories to tell, but we often don’t know how to express them. The easiest way to fix that is to read children’s books of fables and fairy tales and try writing your own.
You can use the same characters but change them in some way, or put them in a completely different situation. For example, what if Cinderella was a boy? Or what if another animal joined the race of the hare and tortoise?
Again, the goal is to improve your imagination and get you writing, so you don’t have to worry about how “correct” it all is. Besides, you won’t even be publishing them.
Eventually, you’ll be able to write your own stories and express your opinions and thoughts more clearly.
9. Use writing templates
If you’ve joined a workplace, you may have to do a fair bit of professional writing, such as writing emails, memos, reports and the like. And it’s okay to be nervous if you don’t have experience.
You can get some help by looking up a template online for whatever you’re trying to write, and following the pattern to write your own.
For example, here’s a template for an email! With enough practice, you’ll soon be able to start writing on your own without the templates.
Listen With More Ease and Better Comprehension
Being a good listener is a valuable skill because, unless we learn to listen well, we’ll never be able to understand the person we’re conversing with.
The simplest method to test your listening skills is to listen to something, from a motivational talk to a catchy song, and then test how well you understood it.
There are a number of ways to do this. Here are some tips for learning to listen in English.
10. Solve listening comprehension exercises
In a listening comprehension exercise, you listen to the passage and then have to answer questions about it. This means you need to listen closely and remember the important details.
You can try the listening comprehension exercises at the British Council to get you started. Or, any kind of English audio can help you improve your listening comprehension! How? Check out the next tip!
11. Listen to podcasts and watch shows
The more English content you listen to or watch, the better. You’ll improve your language skills and learn about the finer points of English culture that you won’t ever find in a grammar textbook. It’s both entertaining and informative.
However, here’s a twist to make that activity even more interesting: Listen or watch something for 15-20 minutes, and then spend about five minutes summarizing it, either out loud or in writing.
If you’re not sure where to start, here are lists of some podcasts, audiobooks and TV shows that you can look into.
12. Be aware of pauses and silences in conversations
While you’re listening, don’t just listen to the words—pay attention to the pauses and silences in a conversation, too.
Often, silence can have a lot of meaning. Also, body language and facial expressions are just as important in showing meaning, almost as much as the words themselves.
In short, try to be more observant, attentive and patient whenever you’re listening.
13. Play memory games
There’s a lot to remember when you’re learning a new language and playing games in English can help. Memory games in particular can help you remember important things by making the learning process fun!
For example, if you’re learning a list of words related to food, you can have a friend read out that list while you pay careful attention. Then, see how many items from the list you can remember—and gain a point for each correct item.
Alternatively, you (or you and a friend) can select a topic and come up with a word chain of related terms. For instance, if the topic is “clothes” and you begin with “dress,” you can follow it with “dress, jacket,” then “dress, jacket, gown” and so on.
14. Try your hand at transcribing
Transcribing is where you listen to something and write it down, exactly as you heard it.
You can take any audio or video material and transcribe it. Or, you can even try taking notes while you’re listening to it—making you focus on both your writing and listening skills at the same time.
These exercises will also help you recognize the “keywords” or the main ideas, and that will help you understand the material better.
Read Faster and Understand More
Getting into a regular habit of reading will help you for your entire life. You won’t only have a great vocabulary for any context, but you’ll also be a more knowledgeable and understanding human being.
Check out this video, which includes the 21 best novels for learning English.
And now let’s have a look at some ways to make reading a habit.
15. Read the newspaper every day
No, you don’t have to read the whole paper, although it’s amazing if you can do so! Do skim (quickly read and go over) the headlines and try to read at least one or two full articles.
As you read the articles, underline unknown words and look up their meanings online or in a dictionary.
By reading the newspaper, you’ll be learning some new words but you’ll also be learning about current events (things that are happening right now in the world), culture and the issues that English-speaking readers find important.
16. Read short stories or stories for children
Reading an entire novel in English might seem scary, but you can always start with something small, like a short story.
Children’s stories or short stories in general are usually fun, teach a lesson or two and are written using simple vocabulary, so even beginners can find a story that they can understand.
In fact, one of the best children’s stories for learning English is the worldwide bestselling book series “Harry Potter.”
As shown by the above video, “Harry Potter” can be used to learn many different languages. “Harry Potter” was originally written in English, so you can use it to help you master the language.
The great thing about “Harry Potter” is that it’s available in many formats. For reading practice, simply pick up a copy of “Harry Potter” in English from your local bookstore or online.
If you want listening practice, “Harry Potter” also has audiobooks. What about watching “Harry Potter?” Well, you can watch all eight movies with English subtitles or subtitles in your native language!
17. Try speed reading
This tip is especially for advanced learners who already have a good grasp of the English language but are keen to improve further. Once you’re comfortable with reading at your regular speed, you can challenge yourself to read faster.
There are many techniques for this. The simplest is to set a timer and skim over the text. You can also use your finger or a pointer (like a pen) to drag over the text as you read. Or, you can focus on the headings, the beginning and the ending of a body of text, since those areas cover the main points.
Here’s a quick hint: Try to silence the voice in your head that reads along with you and you’ll find yourself reading a lot faster!
To get an introduction to the topic as well as some links to the techniques I’ve mentioned, this article is a good place to start.
18. Solve comprehension exercises
Finally, to check if your reading and understanding skills have improved, try solving a few reading comprehension exercises online. Just choose the difficulty level and get going.
Solving a short comprehension exercise or two each week is a great way to watch your skills improve.
The secret is out! You now know the four major English language skills you should be targeting in your studies and plenty of tips to help you do so.
Mastering English opens up a whole new way of thinking, as well as connects you to over two billion people who also speak the same language.
And isn’t that a wonderful feeling?
And One More Thing...
If you like learning English through movies and online media, you should also check out FluentU. FluentU lets you learn English from popular talk shows, catchy music videos and funny commercials, as you can see here:
The FluentU app and website makes it really easy to watch English videos. There are captions that are interactive. That means you can tap on any word to see an image, definition, and useful examples.
For example, when you tap on the word "searching," you see this:
Learn all the vocabulary in any video with quizzes. Swipe left or right to see more examples for the word you’re learning.
The best part? FluentU remembers the vocabulary that you’re learning. It gives you extra practice with difficult words—and reminds you when it’s time to review what you’ve learned. You have a truly personalized experience.
Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or from the Google Play store.