Hotels. Business meetings. Taxis.
You may know how to use English in these places.
You may know the right English phrases to book a room for the night, to make a business deal, to use transportation.
But other conversations can be more… personal.
Conversations between friends are something your textbook or English class may not have prepared you for.
The truth is, casual conversations in a language you’re still learning can be even more difficult than formal conversations.
After all, in formal situations you know you need to be polite. You can find out what phrases to use, and memorize them.
In casual conversations, it isn’t as important to use particular phrases.
For example, you don’t have to say, “Hello, how are you?” every time you meet a friend.
But there are still certain phrases for informal conversation that are useful to know.
Conversations also tend to follow certain patterns, even when the people having them know each other well.
Below are some examples of how to make small talk, make plans and have personal conversations, shown through example dialogues between two friends in English.
6 Typical Conversations Between Two Friends in English
Greetings and Small Talk
Some people think of small talk (unimportant, expected conversation) as being shallow (not honest or “real”). But it’s something that we do to make each other comfortable. For example, asking about someone’s job or how they’re doing is a way of showing that you care, and these questions can lead to more personal and interesting conversation.
It’s true that close friends may not use small talk as much as people who don’t know each other well. But there are still times when using small talk with friends makes sense. For example, if you meet an old friend who you haven’t seen in a long time, or if you’re meeting with a friend who you just don’t see every day.
Let’s look at a couple of conversations below to see what those situations might sound like.
Conversation #1: Conversations Between Friends
Here, we’re actually going to look at a video clip that contains two conversations. This clip can also be found on FluentU with interactive captions and a transcript with playable audio.
FluentU takes real-world videos—like movie trailers, music videos, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language lessons. All of the videos in this post are available on FluentU, and you can sign up for a free trial to access many more conversations and English-language content.
Let’s read along to the conversations:
Sam: Oh? Bob!
Bob: Hey Sam! Good to see you!
Sam: How’s it going?
Bob: Yeah, good. Working a lot. And you?
Sam: I went back to school.
Bob: Good for you!
Mike and Jim
Jim: What have you been up to?
Mike: Working a lot.
Jim: That sounds hard.
Mike: How’s the family?
Jim: Everyone is good. Thanks!
Now, let’s look at some useful phrases from the dialogues above.
“Good to see you!”
This is a nice way to greet someone when you haven’t seen them in a while.
“How’s it going?”
This is a common greeting in English, like “How are you?” Don’t be surprised if you say this to someone and they don’t respond, or say “Yeah, how’s it going?” back.
Bob replies to this question with “Yeah, good.” This might seem a little weird because Sam didn’t ask a yes or no question. But in this case, “yeah” doesn’t have any special meaning. It’s just a way to acknowledge Sam’s question and move on.
“Good for you!”
This is a nice way to congratulate a friend on their successes or accomplishments.
Conversation #2: Meeting Up with a Friend at a Restaurant
Small talk can happen with close friends who you see regularly and with friends you don’t see as often. Here’s an example of a conversation that could happen between two friends who know each other pretty well.
Nathan: Hey, Alicia?
Alicia: Oh hey, I didn’t see you there. Did you already get a table?
Nathan: Yeah, right over here.
Alicia: I’m glad we had time to meet up.
Nathan: Me too. So, what’s going on?
Alicia: Oh, not much. You?
Nathan: Not much. Hey, how did your interview go? Wasn’t that today?
Alicia: Oh, yeah. I think it went well. I don’t know if I got the job yet, but they said they would call in a few days.
Nathan: Well, I’m sure you did great. Good luck.
Alicia: Thanks. I’m just happy that it’s over. I was really nervous about it.
Nathan: I can understand that. I get nervous before interviews, too.
Alicia: Well, thanks for being supportive. I appreciate it.
Nathan: Sure, no problem.
“I’m glad we had time to meet up.”
If you’re meeting a friend you don’t see every day, this is a nice way of saying that you appreciate them making an effort to see you. Other ways of saying this could be, “Thanks for making time to see me” or “We should do this more often.”
“What’s going on?”
Like with “How’s it going?” the other person might not always reply to this question. If they do, they’ll probably either actually tell you what’s going on, or just say, “Not much.”
In the conversation above, Nathan and Alicia both say “not much” is going on with them, but then they end up talking about Alicia’s interview. This is pretty common. A person might sometimes even reply “not much,” and then immediately start talking about all the things that actually are going on.
“I can understand that.”
This is a good phrase to acknowledge a friend’s feelings or opinions.
“Sure, no problem.”
This is a casual way of saying “You’re welcome” when someone thanks you.
Making Plans with Friends
To see your friends in the first place, you have to make plans with them. Here are a couple of conversations that show how that could go.
Conversation #1: Inviting a Friend for a Movie
John: Hello, Bob!
Bob: Hi, John!
John: Are you free this weekend?
Bob: I think so, why?
John: Want to see a movie?
“Are you free this weekend?”
This is a friendly, common way to open a conversation when you’re going to ask someone to do something with you.
Conversation #2: Making Plans for a Get-together
In the conversation above, Bob and John decide to see a movie together. But they don’t decide on what to see, or an exact time. Hopefully they’ll talk about this later—otherwise they won’t know what they’re doing!
Below, we’ll look at a more detailed conversation about making plans.
Trudy: Hey, so I’m having a party at my place next weekend. Do you want to come?
Lee: Sure! That sounds like fun. Who else is coming?
Trudy: Let’s see. I think it’s going to be Jerome, Talia, Anna, Juan, Celeste, Michelle and possibly Jamie. It’s not really going to be a party, more like a small get-together. I’m cooking dinner, and we can just hang out.
Lee: What time should I be there?
Trudy: Oh, anytime between 6 and 7 would be fine.
Lee: Can I bring anything?
Trudy: Oh, don’t worry about it. I have everything covered.
Lee: Can I at least bring a bottle of wine?
Trudy: Well, I’m not going to say no to wine. I’m sure that would be appreciated.
Lee: I’ll do that, then. Thanks for inviting me.
“That sounds like fun.”
If someone invites you to an event, or just invites you to do something with them, this is a nice way to say “yes.”
“Can I bring anything?”
In the U.S. and some other English-speaking areas, this is a polite question to ask if someone invites you to a dinner, party or holiday event where there’s going to be food. It’s usually appropriate (and sometimes even expected!) to ask this question even if the person who invited you is a close friend or family member.
Having Personal Conversations with Friends
Once you’ve made plans and greeted your friends, all that’s left to do is just… well, be a friend. Friends go to each other for help, for advice and when they want to share their opinions and experiences.
Conversations that are more personal are usually less structured and follow fewer rules. But there are still phrases that English speakers tend to use a lot in personal conversations, and there are still certain speech patterns we follow to show support for our friends. Let’s look at some examples.
Conversation #1: A Friend’s Advice
Makayla: Hi, Gemma. You look terrible!
Gemma: Hey, Makayla. Mmm, I haven’t slept.
Makayla: Are you OK? What’s the matter?
Gemma: Well, you know that photo I sent to Clare on Friday night?
Gemma: Well, she sent it to Justin.
Makayla: Oh no! How could she do that? It obviously was only for her.
Gemma: I know! I thought she’d find it funny.
Makayla: Well, it was quite funny. But you didn’t expect her to send it to anyone.
Gemma: No, of course not! Especially not Justin! Oh, it’s so embarrassing!
Makayla: Ah well, don’t worry. I know how you feel, though.
Gemma: And what if he puts it on Facebook or something? What if my mum sees it?
Makayla: No no, don’t worry. He won’t. It’s not that interesting for him or anyone else, to be honest.
Gemma: But what if he does?
Makayla: He won’t. But maybe ask Clare to speak to Justin… Get him to delete the photo?
Gemma: Yeah, maybe. But that might just make him even more interested.
Makayla: Yeah, true.
Gemma: What do you think I should do?
Makayla: Mmm… I’d just try to forget about it if I were you.
Gemma: But I’m so annoyed with Clare!
Makayla: Maybe speak to Clare, tell her how you feel. She shouldn’t be sharing people’s private photos.
Gemma: Okay, yeah. Thanks for the advice, Makayla. I’ll talk to her.
Makayla: Good idea. And don’t worry. Just be careful and don’t send any more embarrassing photos!
Gemma: Yeah, I know, I know. I won’t.
Note: The dialogue above is in British English. The only difference in how this conversation might go in American English is that Gemma would probably say “mom” instead of “mum.” Also, Americans tend to use “quite” less than British people.
“Are you okay?” / “What’s the matter?”
The above two phrases are good for checking on your friends if it seems like something might be wrong.
“What do you think I should do?”
It isn’t always obvious when you’re looking for advice, in any language. If you want to know what a friend thinks you should do in a situation, just ask like this!
“I know how you feel.”
This is a good general phrase for showing sympathy, and it might not always be used literally. For example, we have no idea if Makayla really does know how Gemma feels. But what Makayla seems to be saying is that Gemma’s feelings still matter, even if the situation itself isn’t that bad.
However, you may want to be careful of using this phrase if someone is telling you about a situation that you obviously can’t understand personally. In a case like that, it could seem rude and self-centered. Instead, you can say, “That sounds terrible.”
Conversation #2: Talking About Opinions on a Book
Friends can help you when you’re having problems. They’re also there to listen when you just want to talk about your feelings and opinions.
Nina: So I don’t know what you thought about the book, but I had a lot of mixed feelings about it.
Sean: Oh, really? Like what?
Nina: Well, I thought the main character’s situation was interesting, but his attitude toward women bothered me.
Sean: I can see that. It definitely seemed like he had some problems with women.
Nina: I would have liked to understand how that started. I mean, the book didn’t go into too much detail about why he felt that way.
Sean: I agree with that. I think the author could have handled that part better. I did enjoy the descriptions, though.
Nina: Oh yes, the writing was beautiful! That just made me more disappointed in the character.
Sean: Well, this is just my opinion, but maybe the character would have been easier to understand if the writing had been simpler. It seemed like the author spent a lot of time on the descriptions, when he could have spent more time on the character’s thoughts.
Nina: I’m not sure if I agree with that. I just think that the writing could have been more thoughtful while still being beautiful, if that makes sense.
Sean: That does make sense. I think maybe the problem for me is just that not much actually happened.
Nina: You’re right about that. There wasn’t much of a story.
Sean: I still enjoyed parts of the book, though.
Nina: Oh, I did, too. And I appreciate hearing your point of view.
“I don’t know what you thought about…”
This is a nice way to let someone know that you would be open to hearing their thoughts.
“I can see that.”
This is a good way to acknowledge someone’s thoughts, whether or not you agree with them.
“I agree with that.” / “I’m not sure if I agree with that.”
“I’m not sure if I agree with that” is nicer than “I don’t agree with you.”
“…if that makes sense.”
This is a common way that people end sentences when giving their opinions or explaining something. Often, this has the meaning of “Does that make sense?” or “Do you understand what I mean?”
Good friendships are rewarding and worthwhile, no matter what language you speak with your friends.
Hopefully, the above conversations between two friends have given you a better idea of how to be a good friend in English.
Elisabeth Cook is a freelance writer. She’s on Twitter (@CooksChicken), which can be a great place to make both friends and enemies.
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