Documentaries , like “Super Size Me”, have proven they can have a large impact on the world.
By watching Chinese documentaries, you can brush up on your Mandarin listening skills, with English and Chinese subtitles to further boost your comprehension, as well as get a look into important and, sometimes, controversial aspects of Chinese culture.
Both these skills go hand-in-hand for achieving fluency, since excelling in a language isn’t just about being able to speak and read!
- How Can Watching Documentaries Help You Learn Chinese?
- My Chinese Language Documentary Recommendations
- 1. “二十二 (èr shí èr) — Twenty Two”
- 2. “贾樟柯 (jiǎ zhāng kē) — Jia Zhangke”
- 3. “中国市长 (zhōng guó shì zhǎng) — The Chinese Mayor”
- 4. “请投我一票 (qǐng tóu wǒ yī piào) — Please Vote for Me”
- 5. “一千四百二十八 (yī qiān sì bǎi èr shí bā) — 1428″
- 6. “流氓麻雀 (liú máng má què) — Hooligan Sparrow”
- 7. “煤市街 (méi shì jiē) — Meishi Street”
- 8. “三姊妹 (sān zǐ mèi) — Three Sisters”
- 9. “舌尖上的中国 (shé jiān shàng de zhōng guó) — A Bite of China”
- 10. “铁西区 (tiě xī qū) — Tie Xi Qu”
How Can Watching Documentaries Help You Learn Chinese?
- Real-world Mandarin Chinese improves listening skills. The whole point of documentaries is to show you a slice of real life, right? That means you’ll hear authentic Mandarin spoken at normal speeds from native speakers. It’s an effective, immersive way to boost your listening comprehension skills.
If you don’t have time for a whole documentary but want some active, real-world Mandarin Chinese learning, squeeze in a little practice on the FluentU website or mobile app from the iTunes or the Google Play store.
- Documentaries can expose you to Chinese culture, which goes hand-in-hand with studying language. You can’t really separate culture from language. Culture impacts informal speech and slang, conversation topics and much more.
Understanding a little bit about Chinese culture through documentaries can give foreigners valuable insights into the language they’re studying.
- Documentaries are entertaining and educational at the same time. This is the best thing about documentaries in my opinion, and it’s the key to learning Chinese long term too—you’ve got to find learning materials that will keep you engaged and entertained so you don’t lose motivation. Beyond documentaries, look for language learning programs that embrace this principle—for example, FluentU is based on learning with a variety of authentic Chinese videos.
My Chinese Language Documentary Recommendations
1. “二十二 (èr shí èr) — Twenty Two”
This heart-wrenching and eye-opening documentary follows the lives of the 22 “comfort women” survivors remaining in China.
Comfort women are women and girls that were forced into sex slavery during World War II by the Imperial Japanese Army. They mostly included Chinese, Korean and Filipino women. “Twenty Two” gives a voice to the women that weren’t afforded one during their hardships.
“Twenty Two” is available on Netflix with both Chinese and English subtitles. There’s a wide variety of accents that can be heard in this film, but the beginner Mandarin learner should have no problem keeping up.
2. “贾樟柯 (jiǎ zhāng kē) — Jia Zhangke”
Jia Zhangke is one of the most famous Chinese documentary film directors alive. In “Jia Zhangke: A Guy From Fenyang,” director Walter Salles takes Jia Zhangke through his struggling hometown.
The film follows the artist as he reflects on how Chinese society and culture have changed through the years, namely through globalization and colonization. The viewer also gets to learn more about Jia Zhangke and his work, as well as his controversial clashes with China’s government while filming many of his greatest works.
This documentary can be viewed on Netflix. It contains a mix of both English and Mandarin Chinese dialogue and English subtitles are available.
3. “中国市长 (zhōng guó shì zhǎng) — The Chinese Mayor”
This provocative documentary captures the efforts of the mayor of Datong, one of China’s most polluted and destitute cities, as he makes the controversial move to relocate half a million people to rebuild the city from the foundation up.
An award-winning documentary and quite entertaining in its own right, “The Chinese Mayor” is an insightful look into how the future of China is changing.
“The Chinese Mayor” is available on Netflix with English subtitles. The speed of speech in this film is fairly mixed, but a beginner Mandarin learner should be able to keep up.
4. “请投我一票 (qǐng tóu wǒ yī piào) — Please Vote for Me”
This documentary seems relatively benign at first glance. What’s cuter than a group of third-grade Chinese children competing for a class monitor position?
However, “Please Vote For Me” takes a turn that’s almost disturbing. At the encouragement (and at times, pressure) of their teachers and parents, these children start using not-so-subtle classic political democratic principles and manipulative tactics to win the race.
“Please Vote For Me” is viewable on Vimeo with English subtitles. This documentary is fairly short (under an hour) but it provides incredible insight into modern Chinese political culture and how it affects children.
Since this film deals with a group of children, it may be difficult to keep up with multiple speakers for beginner Mandarin learners. Intermediate and advanced learners can benefit from this documentary.
5. “一千四百二十八 (yī qiān sì bǎi èr shí bā) — 1428″
At 2:28 p.m. (14:28 in military time) on May 12, 2008, residents of Chengdu were shaken by the tumultuous 汶川大地震 (wèn chuān dà dì zhèn) — Great Sichuan Earthquake. The results were catastrophic. More than 69,000 people perished from the quake. The 8-magnitude earthquake left almost 5.8 million people homeless. Strong aftershocks continued to shake the area for months afterward and caused even more deaths and property damage.
This documentary features gut-wrenching scenes of citizens trying to salvage bits of their properties and grieve the loss of their loved ones from 10 days after the quake to seven months later.
This award-winning documentary, though painful to watch, shows how resilient and inspiring Chinese citizens were in the face of tragedy.
6. “流氓麻雀 (liú máng má què) — Hooligan Sparrow”
How would you handle constant government surveillance, harassment and imprisonment?
For activist 叶海燕 (yè hǎi yàn) — Ye Haiyan, a.k.a. Sparrow, the constant risks and dangers she faced while trying to get justice for six young girls who were abused by their principle were difficult, but she never wavered. Even in the face of major political backlash.
“Hooligan Sparrow” is available on Netflix. The audio features both spoken English and Mandarin and English subtitles are available. Even though there’s a lot of English spoken alongside Mandarin in this documentary, there’s still linguistic value to be found. There’s a diverse mix of accents in this film that can help intermediate learners work on their listening skills.
The subject matter is very important and can help the foreign viewer appreciate the resilience and endurance of the modern Chinese woman. “Hooligan Sparrow” is fantastic feminist and cultural learning.
7. “煤市街 (méi shì jiē) — Meishi Street”
For many, the Olympic Games are a fun event to attend and view on TV. For many others, namely the citizens of Meishi Street in Beijing, it meant eviction and possible homelessness prior to the 2008 Olympics hosted in China.
In this independent documentary, ordinary yet extraordinary folks band together to protest and fight the destruction of their homes and businesses by the Chinese government. This documentary is unique in that the filmmakers gave cameras to the actual subjects of the film in order to get up close and personal footage of the protests.
Due to the almost “found footage” amateur nature of this documentary, it may be difficult to keep up with multiple speakers at once and some of the documentary is difficult to hear. This one’s best for intermediate Mandarin learners.
8. “三姊妹 (sān zǐ mèi) — Three Sisters”
Prominent Chinese documentarian 王兵 (wáng bīng) — Wang Bing directs this atmospheric film about three young sisters aged 10, six and four. The motherless girls live alone in a tiny village in the mountains while their father works in the city.
“Three Sisters” is stunning visually while also highlighting the intense differences between the life of the girls and the images some may have of an economically rich urban China.
This documentary has somewhat minimal dialogue, so beginners can definitely benefit from watching this film.
9. “舌尖上的中国 (shé jiān shàng de zhōng guó) — A Bite of China”
Burnt out on sad documentaries? “A Bite of China” is a great palate cleanser, but you might find yourself getting a bit hungry.
This culinary documentary series explores the history of cooking and cuisine trends in China.
You can watch “A Bite of China” on YouTube with both English and Chinese subtitles. Since much of the narration of this film is scripted and a bit slower than “normal” talking speeds, beginners can definitely keep up.
10. “铁西区 (tiě xī qū) — Tie Xi Qu”
Another legendary documentary that comes from Wang Bing, “Tie Xi Qu: West of the Tracks” details the slow deterioration of China’s industrial districts that were once a glimmering and prosperous example of the country’s socialist economy boom. Personal, intense visually and an award winner, this documentary is well worth watching.
“Tie Xi Qu” is a fascinating documentary, but is definitely not a brief viewing experience. The documentary is split up into three parts and runs approximately nine hours long.
Think you’re up to the challenge? The entire documentary is available on YouTube with English subtitles.
Many Chinese documentaries out there aren’t exactly laugh-out-loud comedies. However, most of these documentaries can help the foreign learner understand the struggle of Chinese people and gain a bit more respect for the culture that birthed the language they’re learning.
With this list, you’ll be reaping the rewards that Chinese documentaries can provide: a chance to practice Mandarin and a chance to change your heart.
Em Casalena is a published author, freelance writer and music columnist. They write about a lot of stuff, from music to films to language.