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How to Become a Translator: 6 Steps to Your Dream Job

Regardless of what language you choose to study, with the right skills and qualifications, you may be able to find work translating between that language and your native language.

Maybe your dream is to be able to land freelance translation gigs from your neighborhood coffee shop.

Or maybe you’d enjoy doing regular translation work for an employer or agency, or possibly even the government.

So if you’re wondering how to become a translator, follow the six steps below to land that dream job.


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How to Become a Translator

To become a translator, you will of course need to be proficient in an additional language, with many positions requiring you to have a qualification proving your skills.

So, here are six steps that you can take to help you make your career goal a reality.

1. Choose your source language and study it extensively

There’s translation work available for nearly any living language, and there’s an argument to be made for learning virtually any language you can name. Naturally, there’s more translating work available for the most common languages.

However, since more people know these languages, there’s also more competition for work. While there may be fewer jobs for less common languages, knowing one could make you stand out from the crowd and give you access to jobs that fewer people can perform.

To choose a language, you might consider researching what jobs are out there.

To do this, you can peruse current translator listings on Indeed. If you’re interested in a specific field, you might also investigate languages that are most used in that field.

For instance, if you’re interested in diplomatic or international work, the official languages of the United Nations (Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish) may be useful.

Once you’ve selected your language, you’ll need to study to a high degree of fluency. Majoring in the language in college is useful, as is studying abroad or living abroad.

Advanced degrees in your source translation language could set you apart further. The more language experience and education you have, the better.

Practicing with authentic content is crucial to developing your skills as a translator. Watch as many different types of videos as you can to engage with the language actively.

FluentU takes authentic videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.

You can try FluentU for free for 2 weeks. Click here to check out the website or download the iOS app or Android app.

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2. Get specialized training

Being able to provide clear, efficient translation often requires specialized training in addition to language study. Here are some options to consider:

  • American Translators Association (ATA) offers a list of approved schools that can help prepare you to work as a translator.

3. Get certified

A certification in translation is an easy way to show you have the skills necessary to do the work.

ATA offers a certification that gives you a special designation (“CT”) that you can use with your name on your resume, website, business cards and/or other promotional material.

Additionally, there are industry-specific certifications available, though these are often targeted at interpreters. For instance, the National Board of Certification for Medical Interpreters offers a “CMI” (Certified Medical Interpreter) credential.

Another thing to consider is getting non-language-related certifications in a field in which you’re interested in translating. For instance, becoming a certified paralegal could help you get translating work in the legal field by showing that you understand the industry. Similarly, being a certified nurse might help you get medical translation work.

4. Target a specific industry and learn industry-specific terms

Once you’re fluent in a language, you’ll also want to target industry-specific terms for whatever field you’re interested in working in.

For instance, you might consider studying words that are particularly necessary in medicine, business, government or education. There are several ways to do this.

You may want to consider looking for a course or learning resource that focuses on a specific field. For instance, there are plenty of medical Spanish courses and resources available.

You might take a self-paced online course, or study a relevant book, like “Spanish for Health Care Professionals.”

If you’re already familiar with your specific field of interest, you might otherwise consider putting together a list of important terms in English. Then, you can look up and study the equivalent vocabulary words in the language you want to translate from.

If you want more one-on-one, customized study, you might want to look for a tutor who can help you. Some language training services, like Cactus Language Training and ALTA Language Services, offer customized training to help meet client needs, so they might be able to customize a course to teach you more specialized vocabulary.

5. Hone your computer skills

A lot of translating requires using specific computer programs. This is meant to make the translation process quicker and more efficient. Common programs used by professional translators that you might want to familiarize yourself with include:

The linked websites can give you a brief introduction to the capabilities and interface of the programs. You might also consider subscribing to get more firsthand experience with the programs.

6. To further grow your career, learn more languages

If you want to make yourself even more marketable, you might want to acquire more languages that you can translate between to expand your range of offerings.

For instance, let’s say you’re fully fluent in Chinese and can translate between Chinese and English. However, what if you also managed to add Spanish to your range of offerings? Now, you could translate from Spanish to English or Chinese to English.

Eventually, it’s possible that you might even be able to translate into Chinese and/or Spanish, thereby multiplying your potential translation options and making yourself more employable. How’s that for career growth?

What Do Translators Do?

Technically speaking, interpreting and translating are two different professions. While both jobs require at least one additional language, interpreting is spoken, while translating is written, so a translator’s job focuses on translating written text between languages.

Translators work in a wide variety of industries, ranging from government to medicine to business to education and everything in between. Any industry that uses language could need a translator.

Translators often freelance or have their own businesses. However, others work for agencies or even directly for a single employer. This gives translators some flexibility with whether they want consistent work or would prefer to manage their own schedules.

Where to Find Translator Jobs

One of the cruel ironies of translating and most other career fields is that to get most jobs, you need work experience in the field, leaving you with a conundrum—how do you get that experience in the first place?

Contract or freelance work is an easy way to get some experience to add to your resume. Your first few gigs might not pay as well as you’d like, but once you get more experience under your belt, you can usually get more and more compensation for your services.

You might find your first gigs through acquaintances or business connections. Or perhaps, you’d like to use your passion for language and work for FluentU.

We hire paid freelancers to work on everything from creating and voicing YouTube content for language learners to language checking blogs that include a language other than English. Check our “Jobs at FluentU” page to see what positions we’re currently hiring for.

You can also always check Upwork or fiverr, both of which help connect users with freelance opportunities.

Do You Need a Degree to Be a Translator?

It is possible to become a translator without having a degree. However, it may be more difficult to find jobs in the translation field without one.

Without a degree, it is useful (and often necessary) to have some kind of alternative qualification that proves your language ability.

However, as explained in the above steps, there are plenty of ways for you to develop your skills as a translator to increase your chances of getting roles in the industry.

How Much Do Translators Get Paid?

According to Glassdoor, the salary for a translator in the United States ranges from $34k to $92k, with an average of $55k.

However, this could range massively depending on your level of experience, the location of the job, and what the role entails.


Go ahead and live your dream of becoming a translator.

Following these tips will help you translate that dream into success.

And One More Thing...

If you dig the idea of learning on your own time from the comfort of your smart device with real-life authentic language content, you'll love using FluentU.

With FluentU, you'll learn real languages—as they're spoken by native speakers. FluentU has a wide variety of videos as you can see here:

FluentU has interactive captions that let you tap on any word to see an image, definition, audio and useful examples. Now native language content is within reach with interactive transcripts.

Didn't catch something? Go back and listen again. Missed a word? Hover your mouse over the subtitles to instantly view definitions.

You can learn all the vocabulary in any video with FluentU's "learn mode." Swipe left or right to see more examples for the word you’re learning.

And FluentU always keeps track of vocabulary that you’re learning. It gives you extra practice with difficult words—and reminds you when it’s time to review what you’ve learned. You get a truly personalized experience.

Start using the FluentU website on your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or Google Play store.

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