vegetables name in english

29 Vegetable Names in English to Quickly Grow Your Food Vocabulary

Did you know that there are around 20,000 types of edible (something you can eat) plants?

Before you freak out and think, how in the world am I going to master 20,000 vegetable names in English, you should know that only about 20 vegetables make up 90% of the plant-based portion of the average diet.

Learning the English words for some of the most common vegetables is an essential (important) part of learning English vocabulary.

I mean, you definitely want to know what you’re ordering or eating, right?

In the English language, it’s a bit unclear what the difference is between a vegetable and a fruit.

Don’t worry though, we’ll clear this up for you!

And in the end, you’ll have learned 29 vegetable names in English.

What Makes a Vegetable a Vegetable?

A short definition of a vegetable is a plant that we eat.

The label “vegetable” includes a lot of different edible plants, and also many that you might have thought were fruits.

According to Healthline, vegetables are the leaves, roots and stems of the plants that we eat.

The word vegetable is more of a culinary (cooking) term, though. We separate fruits and vegetables mainly because fruits are usually sweet or sour, while vegetables are often blander (not full of flavor) and are used in savory (not sweet) recipes.

Because there’s an ongoing debate (argument) on whether some edible plants are really vegetables or fruits, I’ve separated the “vegetables” on this following list based on what part of the plant they’re from.

Details aside, the list below includes many common vegetables that are used in kitchens across the United States and the United Kingdom.

Why You Should Learn English Vegetable Names

Before we list out some of the most common vegetable names in English, let’s take a moment to think about why it’s important to learn the English names of vegetables in the first place.

  • To know what you ordered at a restaurant. You probably want to know what’s in the meal you just ordered!
  • To ask for a specific type of vegetable in the grocery store. It’s more difficult to ask for something when you don’t know what it’s called.
  • To follow a recipe and cook a delicious meal. Nothing will mess up a recipe quicker than mixing up your ingredients. You can save yourself a lot of frustration by learning some vegetable names.
  • To have simple conversations about food. In any language, people love talking about food especially when in small talk situations!

Small talk is incredibly useful for meeting new people or making connections with colleagues at work. If you want to excel in an English company, mastering small talk is a must.

For that, the resource that we would most recommend for this is Creativa.

Creativa provides premium, highly produced videos for learning English and business communication skills. Creativa provides entertaining videos, useful but unexpected tips, and goes beyond just English to teach you body language, intonation and small talk phrases you can use with colleagues and clients. Creativa is a new product from the FluentU team.

Here’s a sample video from Creativa’s Mastering Business Video Calls in English course, which has tips for expressing yourself effectively:

How to Practice Vegetable Names in English

The list of 29 vegetables names in English I’m about to share with you is a great start! But, you’ll need to practice this new vocabulary in order to master it. You can do just that by using some of these resources.

English-Learn Online


This website has several vegetable quizzes, games and practice exercises. You can start by reading through their vocabulary lists. Then, practice with the flashcard option. And, once you feel ready, you can test yourself with the example sentences and quizzes that are available.


vegetables name in english

FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, movie trailers, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into personalized language learning lessons.

Unlike traditional language learning sites, FluentU uses a natural approach that helps you ease into the English language and culture over time. You’ll learn English as it’s spoken in real life.

FluentU has a variety of engaging content from popular talk shows, nature documentaries and funny commercials, as you can see here:


FluentU makes it really easy to watch English videos. There are captions that are interactive. That means you can tap on any word to see an image, definition and useful examples.


For example, when you tap on the word "searching," you'll see this:


Learn all the vocabulary in any video with quizzes. Swipe left or right to see more examples for the word you’re learning.


The best part is that FluentU keeps track of the vocabulary that you’re learning and gives you extra practice with difficult words. It even reminds you when it’s time to review! Every learner has a truly personalized experience, even if they’re learning with the same video.

You can start using the FluentU website on your computer or tablet or, better yet, by downloading the app from the iTunes or Google Play stores.

British Council

vegetables name in english

Similar to English-Learn Online, British Council has a website with a few different ways to practice, such as matching vegetables names to their pictures. British Council also gives you plenty of opportunities (chances) to practice your reading and spelling skills. By spending some time on this website, you’ll become more familiar and confident with vegetable names in English.

29 Vegetable Names in English to Quickly Grow Your Food Vocabulary

Root Vegetables

Root vegetables are edible plants that grow underground (in the dirt or soil). They’re a good source of healthy carbohydrates, and surprisingly most of the nutrients (vitamins and minerals) come from their skin. Root vegetables  are also an excellent source of energy.

1. Beet

vegetables name in english

In the United Kingdom, beets are called beetroot. Beet juice can also be used as a natural red dye for fabric or food coloring.

2. Radish

vegetables name in english

3. Potato

vegetables name in english

Did you know that there are over 2,000 different types of potatoes that are grown in 160 countries around the world?

4. Sweet Potato

vegetables name in english

5. Carrot

vegetables name in english

Carrots contain beta carotene, which helps keep your eyes healthy.

6. Garlic

7. Onion

vegetables name in english


Make sure you brush your teeth after eating onion (and garlic)!

Stem Vegetables

As the name suggests, stem vegetables are the above-ground stem or stalk of a plant. Stem vegetables are almost entirely (all) edible, so there’s a lot less food waste than with some other vegetables.

8. Asparagus

vegetables name in english

9. Rhubarb

vegetables name in english

If you ever get the chance to try a slice of rhubarb pie, don’t pass it up!

10. Celery

vegetables name in english

Leafy Greens

Vegetables that are the leaves of plants are often called leafy greens or salad greens. There are over 1,000 known types of edible leaves. Leafy vegetables are low in calories and high in nutrients. They’re easy to grow in a garden and should be part of your daily diet.

11. Lettuce

vegetables name in english

There are over a dozen (12) different types of lettuce, including bib lettuce, curly endive, romaine and iceberg.

12. Spinach

vegetables name in english

13. Kale

vegetables name in english

Kale is the king of nutrient-dense (full of nutrients) leafy greens and is considered a superfood (food that has a lot of vitamins and minerals). Kale is really delicious (tasty) in salad and soups.

14. Cabbage

vegetables name in english

15. Arugula

vegetables name in english

Arugula is a flavorful dark leafy green that’s called by many other names, such as rocket, colewort, roquette, rucoli and rucola.

Head or Flower Vegetables

These vegetables are the edible flowers or heads of plants. Many of these vegetables are high in Vitamins C and K. They are best steamed or roasted (baked in the oven).

16. Broccoli

vegetables name in english

17. Artichoke

vegetables name in english

Artichokes are actually related to big, beautiful sunflowers!

18. Cauliflower

vegetables name in english

Vegetables That Are Actually Fruits

It might come as a surprise that there are many edible plant parts that are commonly thought to be vegetables but are actually fruits. While the following five vegetables are really fruits, they made this list because most people classify them as vegetables.

19. Tomato

vegetables name in english

If you love pizza and pasta, you probably also love tomatoes! This versatile (can be used in many different ways) vegetable is commonly used in Italian food and salads.

20. Cucumber

vegetables name in english

21. Avocado

vegetables name in english

You’ll probably won’t meet very many people in your life who don’t love or at least like avocados! This smooth, buttery and healthy “vegetable” is the key ingredient in guacamole.

22. Eggplant


23. Pepper

vegetables name in english

There are all different types of peppers that range from sweet to dangerously spicy. A popular type of pepper is the bell pepper, which can be found in red, orange, yellow or green.


Squash also falls into the category of fruit. However, there are several kinds of squash, so a separate category has been created for them. Squash have seeds and grow from flowers. There are at least 16 types of squash commonly used in cooking.

24. Butternut Squash

vegetables name in english

25. Pumpkin

vegetables name in english

This hearty (healthy and filling) squash is delicious in soup.

Pumpkins also make many people think of Halloween, the holiday when they are carved into jack-o’-lanterns (a hollowed-out pumpkin with a scary or funny face).

Pumpkins are sometimes used in scary Halloween stories. These are stories that you can enjoy all year long. This video from the FluentU English channel on YouTube highlights (shows) a few really spooky movies on Netflix that can teach you even more real-world English.

For more ways to learn everyday English from fun TV shows, films, music videos and inspiring talks, check out the FluentU English channel. And don’t forget to subscribe and click the notification bell so you’ll never miss a new way to learn!

26. Zucchini

vegetables name in english


When we talk about edible fungi, we’re talking about mushrooms. Edible mushrooms can grow above and below the ground. Be careful not to eat just any mushroom you find outside, though, as many of them are toxic (harmful or deadly).

27. Portobello Mushroom


Portobello mushrooms are very large and are sometimes grilled to make portobello mushroom burgers.

28. Shiitake Mushroom

vegetables name in english

29. White Button Mushroom

vegetables name in english

These simple, white mushrooms make a great addition to pasta, pizza and salads, and are also great on their own, cooked with garlic.


Learning vocabulary, including vegetable names in English is like growing a garden. With a little hard work and patience, you’ll soon have an abundance (a lot) of vocabulary that you can use to communicate in your newly learned language!

And One More Thing...

If you like learning English through movies and online media, you should also check out FluentU. FluentU lets you learn English from popular talk shows, catchy music videos and funny commercials, as you can see here:


If you want to watch it, the FluentU app has probably got it.

The FluentU app and website makes it really easy to watch English videos. There are captions that are interactive. That means you can tap on any word to see an image, definition, and useful examples.


FluentU lets you learn engaging content with world famous celebrities.

For example, when you tap on the word "searching," you see this:


FluentU lets you tap to look up any word.

Learn all the vocabulary in any video with quizzes. Swipe left or right to see more examples for the word you’re learning.


FluentU helps you learn fast with useful questions and multiple examples. Learn more.

The best part? FluentU remembers the vocabulary that you’re learning. It gives you extra practice with difficult words—and reminds you when it’s time to review what you’ve learned. You have a truly personalized experience.

Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or from the Google Play store.

If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn English with real-world videos.

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