50 Vegetable Names in English to Quickly Grow Your Food Vocabulary

Did you know that there are around 20,000 types of edible plants?

Before you freak out and wonder how in the world you’re going to master 20,000 vegetable names, you should know that only about 20 vegetables make up 90% of the plant-based portion of the average diet.

Learning the English words for some of the most common vegetables is an important part of your vocabulary. I mean, you definitely want to know what you’re ordering or eating, right?

Read on for our healthy and vegetarian list of 50 vegetable names in English.


What Makes a Vegetable a Vegetable?

A short definition of a vegetable is a plant that we eat.

The label “vegetable” includes a lot of different edible plants, as well as many that you might have thought were fruits. According to Healthline, vegetables are the leaves, roots and stems of the plants that we eat.

The word vegetable is more of a culinary (cooking) term, though. We separate fruits and vegetables mainly because fruits are usually sweet or sour, while vegetables are often blander (less full of flavor) and are used in savory (not sweet) recipes.

Because there’s an ongoing debate over whether some edible plants are really vegetables or fruits, I’ve organized the “vegetables” on this list based on what part of the plant they’re from.

Details aside, the list below includes many common vegetables that are used in kitchens across the United States and the United Kingdom.

Root Vegetables

Root vegetables are edible plants that grow underground (in the dirt or soil). They’re a good source of healthy carbohydrates, and surprisingly, most of the nutrients (vitamins and minerals) come from their skin.

1. Beets

vegetables name in english

In the United Kingdom, beets are called beetroot. Beet juice can also be used as a natural red dye for fabric or food coloring.

2. Radishes

vegetables name in english

3. Potatoes

vegetables name in english

Did you know that there are over 2,000 different types of potatoes that are grown in 160 countries around the world?

4. Sweet Potatoes

vegetables name in english

5. Carrots

vegetables name in english

Carrots contain beta carotene, which helps keep your eyes healthy.

6. Garlic

7. Onions

vegetables name in english  

Make sure you brush your teeth after eating onion (and garlic)!

8. Turnips


Turnips are similar to beets in look and flavor.

9. Kohlrabi


10. Parsnips


11. Yams


Yams are similar to sweet potatoes, but they have a slightly dryer texture.

12. Celeriac


This is the root of the celery plant. It has a fresh, nutty taste.

13. Jicama


Jicama is often added to salads because it’s very light and crunchy.

14. Cassava


This is the most popular root vegetable in South America.

15. Fennel


The flowers of a fennel plant are called anise, and they taste like licorice.

Stem Vegetables

As the name suggests, stem vegetables are the above-ground stem or stalk of a plant. Stem vegetables are almost entirely edible, so there’s a lot less food waste than with some other vegetables.

16. Asparagus

vegetables name in english

17. Rhubarb

vegetables name in english

If you ever get the chance to try a slice of rhubarb pie, don’t pass it up!

18. Celery

vegetables name in english

19. Brussels sprouts

Brussels sprouts

For some reason, these sprouts are named after the Belgian city of Brussels.

Leafy Greens

Vegetables that are the leaves of plants are often called leafy greens or salad greens. There are over 1,000 known types of edible leaves. Leafy vegetables are low in calories and high in nutrients. They’re easy to grow in a garden and should be part of your daily diet.

20. Lettuce


There are over a dozen (12) different types of lettuce, including bib lettuce, curly endive, romaine and iceberg.

21. Spinach

vegetables name in english

22. Kale

vegetables name in english

Kale is the king of nutrient-dense leafy greens and is considered a superfood (food that has a lot of vitamins and minerals). It’s also delicious (very tasty) in salad and soups.

23. Cabbage

vegetables name in english

24. Arugula

vegetables name in english

Arugula is a flavorful dark leafy green that’s called by many other names, such as rocket, colewort, roquette, rucoli and rucola.

25. Bok choi

Bok choi

Bok choi is often used in Chinese dishes.

26. Chicory/Endive


Chicory has a distinct bitter flavor.

27. Collard greens

Collard greens

Collard greens are frequently used in recipes in the Southern United States.

28. Mustard greens

Mustard greens

These greens come from the same plant as the condiment mustard.

29. Radicchio


Since many English speakers associate this plant with Italy, it still has an Italian name!

30. Swiss chard

Swiss chard

This chard isn’t from Switzerland, so it’s a mystery why we call it Swiss chard.

31. Watercress


32. Dandelion greens

Dandelion greens

Yes! You can eat the leaves of the yellow dandelion plant.

33. Purslane


34. Green beans

Green beans

35. Peas


Head or Flower Vegetables

These vegetables are the edible flowers or heads of plants. Many of these vegetables are high in Vitamins C and K. They are best steamed or roasted (baked in the oven).

36. Broccoli

vegetables name in english

37. Artichokes

vegetables name in english

Artichokes are actually related to big, beautiful sunflowers!

38. Cauliflower

vegetables name in english


Vegetables That Are Actually Fruits

It might come as a surprise that many edible plant parts commonly thought to be vegetables are actually fruits. While the following five vegetables really are fruits, they made this list because most people classify them as vegetables.

39. Tomatoes

vegetables name in english

If you love pizza and pasta, you probably also love tomatoes! This versatile (can be used in many different ways) vegetable is commonly found in Italian food and salads.

40. Cucumbers

vegetables name in english

41. Avocados

vegetables name in english

You probably won’t meet very many people in your life who don’t love or at least like avocados! This smooth, buttery and healthy “vegetable” is the key ingredient in guacamole.

42. Eggplants


43. Peppers

vegetables name in english

There are all different types of peppers that range from sweet to dangerously spicy. One especially popular type is the bell pepper, which can be found in red, orange, yellow or green varieties.

44. Okra


Okra are popular for use in a stew called jambalaya.


Squash also falls under the category of fruit, since it has seeds and grows from flowers. There are at least 16 types of squash commonly used in cooking, and these are some of the most popular varieties.

45. Butternut Squash

vegetables name in english

46. Pumpkins

vegetables name in english

This hearty (healthy and filling) squash is delicious in soup. Pumpkins also make many people think of Halloween, the holiday when they are carved into jack-o’-lanterns (a hollowed-out pumpkin with a scary or funny face). Pumpkins are sometimes featured in scary Halloween stories, and Americans use pumpkins at Thanksgiving to make pumpkin pie.

47. Zucchini

vegetables name in english


When we talk about edible fungi, we’re talking about mushrooms. Edible mushrooms can grow above and below the ground. Be careful not to eat just any mushroom you find outside, though, as many of them are toxic (harmful or deadly). While they aren’t technically vegetables, fungi do have a lot in common with them.

48. Portbello Mushrooms


Portobello mushrooms are very large and are sometimes grilled to make portobello mushroom burgers.

49. Shiitake Mushrooms

Shitake mushrooms

50. White Button Mushrooms

vegetables name in english

These simple, white mushrooms make a great addition to pasta, pizza and salads, and are also great on their own, especially cooked with garlic.

Why You Should Learn English Vegetable Names

We eat every day, and vegetables are bound to come up on restaurant menus and supermarket shelves, so there are many good reasons for learning all their names:

  • To know what you ordered at a restaurant. You probably want to know what’s in the meal you just ordered!
  • To ask for a specific type of vegetable in the grocery store. It’s more difficult to ask for something when you don’t know what it’s called.
  • To follow a recipe and cook a delicious meal. Nothing will wreck a recipe quicker than mixing up your ingredients. You can save yourself a lot of frustration by learning some vegetable names.
  • To have simple conversations about food. In any language, people love talking about food, especially in small talk situations!

How to Practice Vegetable Names in English

The list above of 50 vegetables names in English is a great start, but you’ll need to practice this new vocabulary in order to master it. You can do just that by using these resources.

English Learn-Online

vegetables-name-in-english This website has several vegetable quizzes, games and practice exercises. You can start by reading through their vocabulary lists, then practice with the flashcard option. Once you feel ready, you can test yourself with the example sentences and available quizzes.


British Council

vegetables name in english

British Council also has a website with a few different ways to practice, such as matching vegetables names to their pictures. It also gives you plenty of opportunities (chances) to practice your reading and spelling skills. By spending some time on this website, you’ll become more familiar with and confident in your knowledge of vegetable names in English.


Learning vocabulary is like growing a garden.

With a little hard work and patience, you’ll soon have an abundance of vocabulary that you can use to communicate in your newly learned language! (And grab a bite to eat, too.)

And One More Thing...

If you like learning English through movies and online media, you should also check out FluentU. FluentU lets you learn English from popular talk shows, catchy music videos and funny commercials, as you can see here:


If you want to watch it, the FluentU app has probably got it.

The FluentU app and website makes it really easy to watch English videos. There are captions that are interactive. That means you can tap on any word to see an image, definition, and useful examples.


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For example, when you tap on the word "searching," you see this:


FluentU lets you tap to look up any word.

Learn all the vocabulary in any video with quizzes. Swipe left or right to see more examples for the word you’re learning.


FluentU helps you learn fast with useful questions and multiple examples. Learn more.

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Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes or from the Google Play store.

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