Ready to move past “Ça va ?” “Ça va !” (How are you? Fine!) with your French students?
You’re in the right place.
Simple dialogues are a fantastic way to get students interested and involved in speaking French, but as they grow more advanced, speaking and listening exercises can become about a lot more than practicing vocabulary words.
Dialogues can help students grasp the differences in rhythm and register between their native language and French, key factors in ensuring that they reach true fluency.
While dialogue exercises are particularly great for intermediate or advanced learners who are already comfortable speaking in French, there’s no time too early to explore the nuances in and differences between English and French speech.
And of course, dialogues continue to be a great way of teaching vocabulary, too.
In this post, we’re going to take a look at some specific dialogue audio you can use in your French classroom, along with accompanying exercises.
I recommend that you use the dialogues below with students that are at least at a B1 or B2 level in French, but you can easily adapt these lessons to use with your beginner learners, too.
To that end, before we look at these dialogues, let’s look at some great resources you can return to again and again for reliable dialogue material for your French classes.
The Best Dialogue Resources for French Class
- ToLearnFrench.com is a free site that gives you access to short audio dialogues on a number of basic topics. There are corresponding cartoons that have both the French dialogue and English translations in speech bubbles, so your students can easily follow along.
- The Scenarios section on the site Bonjour de France includes possible role play scenarios, examples of real-life language and dialogues to use with all levels.
- FluentU gives you access to a great number of real-world videos at all levels—including dialogues, music and all kinds of examples of real French speech—and is one of the best ways to expose your students to French as it’s actually spoken.
- French Today offers audiobooks that include French dialogues that focus on “real French” but are presented in a digestible format—dialogues can be played at a slower speed so your students can properly absorb them before answering questions or using them in classroom exercises.
- The “Informal and Spoken French” e-book from ielanguages includes nearly two hours of audio of multiple native speakers and is equipped to help learners understand colloquial language. There are exercises and transcripts available with the audio that you can use in your classes.
4 Real-world French Dialogues for Your Students
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Dialogues for Exploring French Language Rhythm
As you probably already know, French rhythm is quite different from English rhythm, mainly because French doesn’t allow speakers to place tonal emphasis on words in order to signal their importance in a sentence.
Consider the following English sentence:
I didn’t say she stole money from me.
By placing tonal emphasis on each word in the sentence, the speaker changes its meaning. For example, by placing tonal emphasis on the first word, the speaker is implying that someone else has said that she stole money, but that the accuser is not the speaker. By putting the emphasis on the word “stole,” the speaker is instead implying that the person referenced in the sentence may have actually borrowed the money, rather than stolen it.
This sort of tonal nuance is impossible in French: a native French speaker would be more likely to change the construction of the sentence or even add an extra word to convey the meaning that tonal emphasis would add in English.
Ce n’est pas moi qui ai dit qu’elle m’ait volé de l’argent. (I’m not the one who said that she stole money from me.)
The above sentence conveys approximately the same meaning that tonal emphasis on the word “I” would have in English.
The reason it’s impossible to use tonal emphasis in French is because French already has a tonal rhythm that’s imposed on every sentence: French sentences have a gentle upwards tone as they continue, falling at the end.
Je suis allé au supermarché, à la librairie, et au sport. (I went to the supermarket, to the bookstore, and to the gym.)
A French speaker would naturally “uptalk” before each comma, finally allowing their voice to fall on sport.
This rhythm can be difficult even for advanced speakers to comprehend, so using dialogues by native French speakers as examples can help them get the idea.
Dialogue #1: “Les Enfants du paradis”
”Les Enfants du paradis” is a classic of French cinema, and it’s one of my favorite films to use to teach the rhythm of French dialogue. While some students may balk at first—after all, the film dates back to 1945—they’ll love it when you tell them why you’re using it: to teach them how to flirt in French.
Starting around five minutes into the movie, you’ll see the classic flirtation scene between Frédéric and Garance. The give-and-take between them shows the ways in which the French language can build an ebb-and-flow, and the actors do a great job of showing how tone can show the other person if they’ve finished a thought or not. Frédéric, who wants to keep the conversation going, invites Garance to participate with his inflection; Garance, on the other hand, is brushing Frédéric off with her falling tonal inflection.
Ask students to watch this scene, and help them highlight the ways in which Frédéric and Garance build off of one another as they speak.
Then invite them to write their own “flirtation” scene using a more modern or contemporary setting and situation.
Dialogue #2: “Friends”
Another great way to show how French people naturally inflect their sentences is showing students a dubbed version of an English language show. While I’m not usually a fan of using English in a French class, this can be a great way to show students the nuance in the differences between inflections.
Ask them to compare the inflections of the original actors and the voice-over actors in the dubbed version and explore the differences in inflection.
Dialogues for Exploring French Language Registers
Another important element of dialogues in French are language registers. Students will intuit this a bit when it comes to the two different second person pronouns (tu and vous), but they may not notice that the change is not a mere pronoun change. They’ll need a bit more help to understand the nuance in delivery and even vocabulary choice that comes with French language register.
Dialogue #3: Mitterrand vs. Chirac
Consider exploring this with students using the (now infamous) 1988 debate between François Mitterrand and Jacques Chirac. The dance around registers in this debate will definitely create an interesting discussion in your class, as both Mitterrand and Chirac address directly the appropriate way to speak to one another—and they have different opinions on what’s appropriate.
Ask students to watch the debate, then ask them to discuss why Mitterrand and Chirac disagreed on how to address one another.
Use this as a jumping off point to discuss language register, and ask students to discuss how the conversation could have gone in a standard (standard) or familier (familiar) register. They could even rewrite the conversation in one of these two registers.
Dialogue #4: “Intouchables”
Another possibility for addressing issues of register in French would be the contemporary film “Intouchables.” This scene shows the way in which Driss modifies his register when speaking to his boss as opposed to speaking to a neighbor who has angered him. The natural switch between registers allows Driss to convey his emotions quickly and easily.
Ask students to watch the scene, then experiment with performing the entire scene themselves in soutenu (formal), in familier or inverting the two.
Having Students Write Their Own Dialogues for Practice
Once your students have the theory down, the most important thing for them to do is practice. For this, why not ask your students to write their own practical dialogues?
To do this, put students in pairs, give them a setting and topic and let their imaginations be their guide.
Here are a few ideas:
- Students are at a supermarket; one is the cashier, and the other is a customer. The customer is angry because there’s no more of his favorite cereal in the aisle.
- Students are in a restaurant; one is a waiter, and the other is a customer. The customer has a lot of dietary restrictions that she’s trying to communicate to the waiter.
- Students are on a blind date that has been arranged by a friend of theirs. They know that they have tennis in common, but they don’t know much else about one another.
- Students are at an office, and one of them is interviewing for a job. The boss is friendly and conveys that he prefers to be addressed by tu.
Dialogues can be a great tool to use in class for the above purposes, as well as a variety of others.
Above all, encourage your students to speak to one another in French as well as listen, so they can put what they’ve learned into practice!
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