How do you say wealth in Chinese? 财产 vs. 财富

Today we break down 2 words that are both used in the context of wealth: 财产(cáichǎn) and 财富 (cáifù)。They might seem similar but are actually used very differently.

财产 (cáichǎn) literally means “property” and is used in a narrow sense to describe the property / assets of an individual, organization, country, etc. It emphasizes the legal construct of property:

Example 1:


“zhīchí zhě rèn wèi ‘bǎ cáichǎn de shì shuō qīngchu ,hūnyīn gèng chúncuì’”

“Supporters think that discussing property matters clearly can make marriage more pure”

Example 2:


“tōu tōu zhuǎnyí cáichǎn ,réng yào ‘fù zhài zi cháng ’”

“Secretly transferring assets, but still making the son repay the father’s debts”

Example 3:


“guóyǒu cáichǎn shòu fǎlǜ bǎohù ”

“Government owned assets enjoy legal protection”

财富 (cáifù) on the other hand means “wealth” in a broader sense. It’s a word you can use when you want to sound more profound (eg. Fortune magazine calls itself 财富 in Chinese):

Example 4:


“。。。wèi yīyuàn liúxià le jīngshéncáifù 。”

“… leave behind spiritual wealth for the hospital.”

Example 5:


“sīrén gāo duān cáifù guǎnlǐ ”

“private high-end wealth management”

Example 6:


“dà xīng lǜsè jīngjì 。。。shōuhuò le lǜsè cáifù ”

“Massively promoting the green economy… has yielded green wealth”

Example 7:


““zhōngguó zhìzào ”xū tígāo cáifù chuàngzàolì”

“‘Made in China’ needs to increase its ability to create wealth”

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